National Democratic Alliance

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National Democratic Alliance
IAST: Rāṣṭrīya Loktāntrik Gaṭhabandhan
AbbreviationNDA
ChairpersonAmit Shah
(Union Cabinet Minister)
Lok Sabha leaderNarendra Modi
(Prime Minister)
Rajya Sabha leaderPiyush Goyal
(Union Cabinet Minister)
Founder
Founded1998
Political positionBig tent[lower-alpha 1]
AllianceSee List
Seats in Lok Sabha
332 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
111 / 245
Seats in State Legislative Assemblies
1,745 / 4,036
Number of states and union territories in government
16 / 31

The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) (IAST: Rāṣhṭrīya Loktāntrik Gaṭhabandhan) is a centre-right to right-wing conservative Indian political alliance led by the right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).[2] It was founded in 1998 and currently controls the government of India as well as the government of 15 Indian states and one Union territory..

Its first chairman was Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. L. K. Advani, the former Deputy Prime Minister, took over as chairman in 2004 and served until 2014, and Amit Shah has been the chairman since 2014. The coalition ruled from 1998 to 2004. The alliance returned to power in the 2014 general elections with a combined vote share of 38.5%.[3] Its leader Narendra Modi was sworn in as Prime Minister of India on 26 May 2014. In the 2019 general election, the alliance further increased its tally to 353 seats with combined vote share of 45.43%.[4]

History[edit]

Atal Bihari Vajpayee, first Prime Minister from NDA
Narendra Modi, second and current Prime Minister from NDA

The NDA was formed in May 1998 as a coalition to contest the general elections. The main aim of the NDA was to form an anti-Indian National Congress coalition. It was led by the BJP, and included several regional parties, including the Samata Party and the AIADMK, as well as Shiv Sena, but Shiv Sena broke away from the alliance in 2019 to join the Maha Vikas Aghadi with Congress and the NCP. Samata Party is also broke away from alliance in 2003 after formation of Janta Dal (United). The Shiv Sena was the only member which shared the Hindutva ideology of the BJP.[5][6] After the election, it was able to muster a slim majority with outside support from the Telugu Desam Party, allowing Atal Bihari Vajpayee to return as prime minister.[7]

The government collapsed within a year because the AIADMK withdrew its support. After the entry of a few more regional parties, the NDA proceeded to win the 1999 elections with a larger majority. Vajpayee became Prime Minister for a third time, and this time served a full five-year term.[8]

The NDA called elections in early 2004, six months ahead of schedule. Its campaign was based around the slogan of "India Shining" which attempted to depict the NDA government as responsible for a rapid economic transformation of the country. However, the NDA suffered a defeat, winning only a 186 seats in the Lok Sabha, compared to the 222 of the United Progressive Alliance led by the Congress, with Manmohan Singh succeeding Vajpayee as prime minister. Commentators have argued that the NDA's defeat was due to a failure to reach out to the rural masses.[9][10]

Structure[edit]

The National Democratic Alliance does not have a formal governing structure such as an executive board or politburo. It has been up to the leaders of the individual parties to make decisions on issues such as sharing of seats in elections, allocation of ministries and the issues that are raised in Parliament. Given the varied ideologies among the parties, there have been many cases of disagreement and split voting among the allies.

Owing to ill health, George Fernandes, who was the NDA convener until 2008, was discharged of his responsibility and replaced by Sharad Yadav, the then national president of the JD(U) political party. On 16 June 2013, the JD(U) left the coalition and Sharad Yadav resigned from the role of the NDA convener. Then the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh N. Chandrababu Naidu was made the NDA convener.[11] Later in 2018, after the withdrawal of TDP from NDA the post of convenor was vacant. However NDA allies like LJP demanded the appointment of a convenor in 2019 for better coordination of the allies.[12]

On 27 July 2017 JD(U) with the help of BJP formed the government in Bihar. Later, on 19 August 2017 JD(U) formally rejoined the NDA after 4 years.[13]

Strength in parliament[edit]

Party Lok Sabha Rajya Sabha States/UTs
Bharatiya Janata Party 301 92 National party
Shiv Sena 13 0 Maharashtra
Nationalist Congress Party (Ajit Pawar) 1 1 MH
Rashtriya Lok Janshakti Party 5 0 Bihar
Apna Dal (Sonelal) 2 0 Uttar Pradesh
National People's Party 1 1 National party
National Democratic Progressive Party 1 0 Nagaland
All Jharkhand Students Union 1 0 JH
Sikkim Krantikari Morcha 1 0 SK
Mizo National Front 1 1 MZ
Lok Janshakti Party (Ram Vilas) 1 0 Bihar
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 0 4 Tamil Nadu
Naga People's Front 1 0 NL
Republican Party of India (Athawale) 0 1 MH
Asom Gana Parishad 0 1 AS
Pattali Makkal Katchi 0 1 TN
Tamil Maanila Congress 0 1 TN
United People's Party Liberal 0 1 AS
Indigenous People's Front of Tripura 0 1 Tripura
Suheldev Bharatiya Samaj Party
Shiromani Akali Dal (Sanyukt)
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party
Jannayak Janta Party
Prahar Janshakti Party
Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
Kuki People's Alliance
United Democratic Party
Hill State People's Democratic Party
All India N.R. Congress
Hindustan Awam Morcha
Jan Sena Party
Haryana Lokhit Party
Kerala Kamraj Congress
Gorkha National Liberation Front
Puttiya Tamilagam
Jan Surajya Shakti Party
Bharat Dharma Jan Sena
IND 3 1 None
NOM 0 5 None
Total 331 110

Governments[edit]

The BJP has previously been the sole party in power in Delhi, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Rajasthan. It has also ruled Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh as part of coalition and alliance governments.

The NDA has never been in power in 3 states - Kerala, Telangana, (between 1999 and 2004 BJP in alliance with TDP ruled a United Andhra Pradesh) and West Bengal. But BJP led NDA has ruled many local governing institutions including corporations, municipalities, panchayats and has also been elected to many Lok Sabha constituencies, state assembly constituencies and local body divisions and wards in these 3 states.

List of current NDA governments[edit]


S.No State/UT NDA Govt since Chief Minister Alliance Partners Seats

Last election

Name Party Seats Since
1 Arunachal Pradesh 16 September 2016 Pema Khandu BJP 49 16 September 2016 NPP (4) 53/60 23 May 2019
2 Assam 19 May 2016 Himanta Biswa Sarma BJP 63 10 May 2021 AGP (9) 82/126 2 May 2021
UPPL (7)
3 Gujarat 28 February 1998 Bhupendra Patel BJP 156 13 September 2021 IND (3) 159/182 8 December 2022
4 Goa 6 March 2012 Pramod Sawant BJP 28 19 March 2019 MGP (2) 33/40 10 March 2022
IND (3)
5 Haryana 19 October 2014 Manohar Lal Khattar BJP 41 26 October 2014 JJP (10) 57/90 24 October 2019
HLP (1)
IND (5)
6 Madhya Pradesh 23 March 2020 Shivraj Singh Chauhan BJP 130 23 March 2020 IND (2) 132/230 11 December 2018
7 Maharashtra 30 June 2022 Eknath Shinde SHS 40 30 June 2022 BJP (105) 201/288 24 October 2019
NCP (34)
PJP (2)
RSP (1)
JSS (1)
MNS (1)
IND (12)
8 Manipur 15 March 2017 N. Biren Singh BJP 37 15 March 2017 NPP (7) 54/60 10 March 2022
NPF (5)
KPA (2)
IND (3)
9 Meghalaya 6 March 2018 Conrad Sangma NPP 26 6 March 2018 UDP (11) 45/60 2 March 2023
BJP (2)
Hill State People's Democratic Party (2)
People's Democratic Front (2)
IND (2)
10 Nagaland 8 March 2018 Neiphiu Rio NDPP 25 8 March 2018 BJP (12) 52/60 2 March 2023
NCP (7)
National People's Party (India) (5)
RPI(A) (2)
Lok Janshakti Party (2)
IND (4)
11 Puducherry 7 May 2021 N. Rangasamy AINRC 10 7 May 2021 BJP (9) 25/33 2 May 2021
IND (6)
12 Sikkim 27 May 2019 Prem Singh Tamang SKM 19 27 May 2019 BJP (12) 31/32 23 May 2019
13 Tripura 9 March 2018 Manik Saha BJP 31 15 May 2022 IPFT (1) 32/60 2 March 2023
14 Uttar Pradesh 17 March 2017 Yogi Adityanath BJP 255 17 March 2017 AD(S) (11) 272/403 10 March 2022
NISHAD (6)
15 Uttarakhand 18 March 2017 Pushkar Singh Dhami BJP 47 3 July 2021 IND (2) 49/70 10 March 2022

Strength in legislative assemblies[edit]

Template:Circular

Strength in state legislative assemblies[edit]

State/UT Seats BJP NDA Overall Tally CM from Ref(s)
Andhra Pradesh 175 0 None
0 / 175
YSRCP [14]
Arunachal Pradesh 60 48 NPP (4)
53 / 60
BJP [15]
Assam 126 63 AGP (9)
79 / 126
BJP [16]
UPPL (7)
Bihar 243 78 HAM (4)
82 / 243
JD(U) [17]
Chhattisgarh 90 14 None
14 / 90
INC [18]
Goa 40 28 MGP (2)
33 / 40
BJP [19]
IND (3)
Gujarat 182 156 IND (3)
159 / 182
BJP [20]
Haryana 90 41 JJP (10)
57 / 90
BJP [21]
HLP (1)
IND (5)
Himachal Pradesh 68 25 None
25 / 68
INC [22]
Jharkhand 81 26 AJSU (3)
31 / 81
JMM [23]
IND (2)
Karnataka 224 66 None
66 / 224
INC [24]
Kerala 140 0 None
0 / 140
CPI(M) [25]
Madhya Pradesh 230 130 IND (2)
132 / 230
BJP [26]
Maharashtra 288 105 SHS (40)
162 / 288
SHS [27]
PJP (2)
RSP (1)
JSS (1)
MNS (1)
IND (12)
Manipur 60 37 NPP (7)
54 / 60
BJP [28]
NPF (5)
KPA (2)
IND (3)
Meghalaya 60 2 NPP (28)
46 / 60
NPP [29]
UDP(12)
HSPDP (2)
IND (2)
Mizoram 40 1 None
1 / 40
MNF [30]
Nagaland 60 12 NDPP (25)
58 / 60
NDPP [31]
NCP (7)
NPP (5)
RPI(A) (2)
Lok Janshakti Party (2)
IND (5)
Odisha 147 22 None
22 / 147
BJD [32]
Punjab 117 2 None
2 / 117
AAP [33]
Rajasthan 200 70 None
70 / 200
INC [34]
Sikkim 32 12 SKM (19)
31 / 32
SKM [35]
Tamil Nadu 234 4 AIADMK (66)
75 / 234
DMK [36]
PMK (5)
Telangana 119 3 None
3 / 119
TRS [37]
Tripura 60 31 IPFT (1)
32 / 60
BJP [38]
Uttar Pradesh 403 255 AD(S) (13)
274 / 403
BJP [39]
NISHAD (6)
Uttarakhand 70 46 None
46 / 70
BJP [40]
West Bengal 294 70 None
70 / 294
AITC [41]
Delhi 70 8 None
8 / 70
AAP [42]
Jammu and Kashmir 90 NA [43]
Puducherry 33 9 AINRC (10)
25 / 33
AINRC [44]
IND (6)
Total 4126 1364 345
1,709 / 4,036
NDA (15) 31

List of presidents and vice presidents[edit]

Note that it refers to nomination by alliance, as the offices of President and Vice President are apolitical.

Presidents[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office

Electoral mandates

Time in office

Previous post Vice president Party[45]
11 A. P. J. Abdul Kalam.jpg A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
(1931–2015)
25 July 2002 25 July 2007 Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India Krishan Kant (2002)

Bhairon Singh Shekhawat (2002–2007)

Independent  
2002
5 years
Kalam was an educator and engineer who played a leading role in the development of India's ballistic missile and nuclear weapons programs.[46] He also received the Bharat Ratna. He was popularly known as "People's President".[47][48][49]
14 Ram Nath Kovind official portrait.jpg Ram Nath Kovind
(b.1945)
25 July 2017 25 July 2022 Governor of Bihar Mohammad Hamid Ansari (2017)

Venkaiah Naidu (2017–2022)

Bharatiya Janata Party  
2017
5 years
Kovind was governor of Bihar from 2015 to 2017 and a Member of Parliament from 1994 to 2006. He is the second Dalit president (after K. R. Narayanan) and is the first president from the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and is an active member of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) since his youth.[50]
15 File:Smt. Droupadi Murmu official portrait (1).jpg Droupadi Murmu
(b.1958)
25 July 2022 Incumbent Governor of Jharkhand Venkaiah Naidu (2022)

Jagdeep Dhankhar (2022–)

Bharatiya Janata Party  
2022
1 year, 269 days
Murmu was governor of Jharkhand from 2015 to 2021 and the Member of the Odisha Legislative Assembly from 2000 to 2009. She held several ministerial portfolios in Government of Odisha. She is the first Tribal and second female President of India and is the second president from the Bharatiya Janata Party.

Vice presidents[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)[51]
Elected
(% votes)
Took office Left office Term President Party
11 Bhairon Singh Shekhawat Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
(1925–2010)
2002
(59.82)
19 August 2002 21 July 2007 4 years, 336 days A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Bharatiya Janata Party  
13 Venkaiah Naidu Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu
(1949–)
2017
(67.89)
11 August 2017 11 August 2022 5 years Ram Nath Kovind
14 Jagdeep Dhankhar Jagdeep Dhankhar
(1951–)
2022
(74.50)
11 August 2022 Incumbent 1 year, 252 days Droupadi Murmu

List of prime ministers[edit]

No. Prime ministers Portrait Term in office Lok Sabha Cabinet Constituency Party
Start End Tenure
1 Atal Bihari Vajpayee Atal Bihari Vajpayee tribute image (cropped).jpg 19 March 1998 10 October 1999 6 years, 64 days 12th Vajpayee II Lucknow Bharatiya Janata Party  
10 October 1999 22 May 2004 13th Vajpayee III
2 Narendra Modi Official Photograph of Prime Minister Narendra Modi Portrait.png 26 May 2014 Present 9 years, 329 days 16th Modi I Varanasi
17th Modi II

List of deputy prime ministers[edit]

No. Deputy Prime minister Portrait Term in office Lok Sabha Prime Minister Constituency
Start End Tenure
1 L. K. Advani Lkadvani.jpg 29 June 2002 22 May 2004 1 year, 328 days 13th Atal Bihari Vajpayee Gandhinagar

List of chief ministers[edit]

Chief ministers from the National Democratic Alliance
S.No State Name Portrait Cabinet
1. Arunachal Pradesh Pema Khandu Pema Khandu in July 2016.jpg Pema Khandu II
2. Assam Himanta Biswa Sarma Himanta Biswa Sarma with PM Narendra Modi Cropped.jpg Sarma I
3. Goa Pramod Sawant The Chief Minister of Goa, Shri Pramod Sawant.jpg Pramod Sawant II
4. Gujarat Bhupendrabhai Patel Bhupendrabhai Patel accompanies Narendra Modi at Rajkot (cropped).jpg Bhupendrabhai Patel I
5. Haryana Manohar Lal Khattar Manohar Lal Khattar 2015.jpg Manohar Lal Khattar II
6. Madhya Pradesh Shivraj Singh Chouhan Shivraj Singh Chouhan (Cropped 3).jpg Shivraj Singh Chouhan IV
7. Maharashtra Eknath Shinde
Eknath Shinde with PM Narendra Modi Cropped.jpg
Eknath Shinde Ministry
8. Manipur N. Biren Singh N. Biren Singh.jpg N. Biren Singh II
9. Meghalaya Conrad Sangma The Chief Minister of Meghalaya, Shri Conrad Sangma.JPG Conrad Sangma II
10. Nagaland Neiphiu Rio NeiphiuRio.jpg Neiphiu Rio V
11. Puducherry N. Rangaswamy N Rangaswamy.jpg N. Rangaswamy IV
12. Sikkim Prem Singh Tamang Prem Singh Tamang.jpg Prem Singh Tamang I
13. Tripura Manik Saha Manik Saha Invitation for HWC 2023.jpg Manik Saha I
14. Uttar Pradesh Yogi Adityanath Ajay Bisht.jpg Yogi Adityanath II
15. Uttarakhand Pushkar Singh Dhami Pushkar Dhami.jpg Pushkar Singh Dhami II

List of current deputy chief ministers[edit]

Incumbent deputy chief ministers from the National Democratic Alliance
S.No State Name Portrait
1. Arunachal Pradesh Chowna Mein The Agriculture Minister of Arunachal Pradesh, Shri Chowna Mein calling on the Union Minister for Agriculture, Shri Radha Mohan Singh, in New Delhi on September 17, 2014 (cropped).jpg
2. Haryana Dushyant Chautala The MP, Lok Sabha, Haryana, Shri Dushyant Chautala calling on the Union Minister for Railways, Shri Suresh Prabhakar Prabhu, in New Delhi on February 03, 2016 (cropped).jpg
3. Maharashtra Devendra Fadnavis Fadnavis in November 2022.png
Ajit Pawar Ajit Pawar.jpg
4. Meghalaya Prestone Tynsong A delegation from North Eastern States led by the Minister General Administration Home (Civil Defence And Home Guards) Public Health Engineering Relief And Rehabilitation (cropped).jpg
Sniawbhalang Dhar
5. Nagaland Yanthungo Patton The Nagaland Home Minister, Shri Yanthungo Patton meeting the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Hansraj Gangaram Ahir, in New Delhi on November 09, 2016 (cropped).jpg
T. R. Zeliang The Chief Minister of Nagaland, Shri T.R. Zeliang meeting the Union Minister for Human Resource Development, Smt. Smriti Irani, in New Delhi on December 08, 2015 (1) (cropped).jpg
6. Uttar Pradesh Brijesh Pathak Brajesh Pathak.jpg
Keshav Prasad Maurya Shri Keshav Prasad Maurya (cropped).jpg

Candidates in elections[edit]

Lok Sabha general elections[edit]

Member parties[edit]

As of July 2023, there are more than 40 political parties that are members of the alliance. The Bharatiya Janata Party and the National People's Party are the only two political parties being recognised by the Election Commission of India as national parties.[52] Other parties in the alliance are either recognised as state level parties or unrecognised parties.

Electoral history[edit]

Lok Sabha 1998 general election[edit]

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No. Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs 388 182 Increase 21
2 West Bengal Trinamool Congress West Bengal 28 7 Increase 7
3 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Pondicherry
23 18 Increase 18
4 Samata Party
  • Bihar
  • Uttar Pradesh
23 12 Increase 4
5 Shiv Sena
  • Maharashtra
22 6 Decrease 9
6 Biju Janata Dal Orissa 12 9 Increase 9
7 Lok Shakti
  • Karnataka
  • Nagaland
11 3 Increase 3
8 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 8 8 Steady
9 Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu 5 4 Increase 4
10 Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 5 3 Increase 3
11 Haryana Vikas Party Haryana 4 1 Decrease 2
12 NTR Telugu Desam Party (LP) Andhra Pradesh 3 0 Steady
13 Janata Dal
  • Punjab
  • Bihar
2 2 Decrease 45
14 Manipur State Congress Party Manipur 1 1 Increase 1
15 Janata Party Tamil Nadu 1 1 Increase 1
16 Sikkim Democratic Front Sikkim 1 1 Increase 1
17 Satnam Singh Kainth (independent candidate supported by BJP) Punjab 1 1 Increase 1
18 Vazhappady K. Ramamurthy (independent candidate supported by BJP) Tamil Nadu 1 1 Increase 1
19 Maneka Gandhi (independent candidate supported by BJP) Uttar Pradesh 1 1 Increase 1
20 Suresh Kalmadi (independent candidate supported by BJP) Maharashtra 1 0 Decrease 1
Total NDA candidates 541 261 Increase 75

Lok Sabha 1999 general election[edit]

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No. Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs 339 182 Steady
2 Janata Dal (United)
  • Bihar
  • Karnataka
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Kerala
  • Rajasthan
  • Lakshadweep
41 21 Increase 21
3 Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh 34 29 Increase 17
4 All India Trinamool Congress
  • West Bengal
  • Tripura
29 8 Increase 1
5 Shiv Sena Maharashtra 22 15 Increase 9
6 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 19 12 Steady
7 Biju Janata Dal Orissa 12 10 Increase 1
8 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 9 2 Decrease 6
9 Pattali Makkal Katchi
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Pondicherry
8 5 Increase 1
10 Indian National Lok Dal Haryana 5 5 Increase 5
11 Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 5 4 Increase 1
12 Akhil Bharatiya Loktantrik Congress Uttar Pradesh 4 2 Increase 2
13 Bihar People's Party Bihar 2 0 Steady
14 Himachal Vikas Congress Himachal Pradesh 1 1 Increase 1
15 Manipur State Congress Party Manipur 1 1 Increase 1
16 MGR Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 1 1 Increase 1
17 Sikkim Democratic Front Sikkim 1 1 Steady
18 Tamizhaga Rajiv Congress Tamil Nadu 1 0
19 Democratic Bahujan Samaj Morcha Punjab 1 0
20 Arunachal Congress Arunachal Pradesh 1 0
21 Socialist Republican Party Kerala 1 0
22 Maneka Gandhi (independent candidate supported by BJP) Uttar Pradesh 1 1 Steady
23 Vanlalzawma (independent candidate supported by BJP) Mizoram 1 1 Increase 1
24 Sansuma Khunggur Bwiswmuthiary (independent candidate supported by BJP) Assam 1 1 Increase 1
25 Pawan Pandey (independent candidate supported by BJP) Uttar Pradesh 1 0
26 Natabar Bagdi (independent candidate supported by BJP) West Bengal 1 0
27 Elwin Teron (independent candidate supported by BJP) Assam 1 0
Total NDA candidates 543 302 Increase 57

Lok Sabha 2004 general election[edit]

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No. Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs 364 138 Decrease 44
2 Janata Dal (United)
  • Bihar
  • Karnataka
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Lakshadweep
  • Assam
33 8 Decrease 13
3 Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh 33 5 Decrease 24
4 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 33 0 Decrease 10
5 All India Trinamool Congress
  • West Bengal
  • Meghalaya
  • Tripura
31 2 Decrease 6
6 Shiv Sena Maharashtra 22 12 Decrease 3
7 Biju Janata Dal Orissa 12 11 Increase 1
8 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 10 8 Increase 6
9 Indian Federal Democratic Party Kerala 1 1 Decrease 13
10 Sikkim Democratic Front Sikkim 1 1 Steady
11 Naga People's Front Nagaland 1 1 Increase 1
12 Mizo National Front Mizoram 1 1 Increase 1
13 Sansuma Khunggur Bwiswmuthiary (Independent candidate)
supported by BJP
Assam 1 1 Increase 1
Total NDA Candidates 543 189 Decrease 113

Lok Sabha 2009 general election[edit]

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No. Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs 433 116 Decrease 22
2 Janata Dal (United)
  • Bihar
  • Jharkhand
  • Kerala
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Uttar Pradesh
32 20 Increase 12
3 Shiv Sena
  • Maharashtra
  • Tamil Nadu
24 11 Decrease 1
4 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 10 4 Decrease 4
5 Rashtriya Lok Dal Uttar Pradesh 7 5 Increase 2
6 Asom Gana Parishad Assam 6 1 Decrease 5
7 Indian National Lok Dal Haryana 5 0 Decrease 5
8 Naga People's Front Nagaland 1 1 Steady
9 Ajitrao Ghorpade (independent candidate supported by BJP) Maharashtra 1 0 Decrease 1
10 H. Lallungmuana (independent candidate supported by BJP) Mizoram 1 0 Decrease 1
Total 520 158 Decrease 31

Lok Sabha 2014 general election[edit]

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No. Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All states and UTs 422 282 Increase 166
2 Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh 30
16 Decrease 4
3 Shiv Sena Maharashtra 23 18 Increase 7
4 Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 14
0 Steady
5 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 10
4 Steady
6 Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu 8
1 Steady
7 Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 7
0 Steady
8 Lok Janshakti Party Bihar 7
6 Increase 2
9 Rashtriya Lok Samta Party Bihar 3
3
10 Apna Dal Uttar Pradesh 2
2
11 Swabhimani Paksha Maharashtra 2
1
12 Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) Haryana 2
0
13 All India N.R. Congress Puducherry 1
1
14 National People's Party Meghalaya 1
1
15 Naga People's Front Nagaland 1
1
16 Puthiya Needhi Katchi Tamil Nadu 1
0
17 Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi Tamil Nadu 1
0
18 Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi Tamil Nadu 1
0
19 Republican Party of India (A) Maharashtra 1
0
20 Rashtriya Samaj Paksha Maharashtra 1
0
21 Revolutionary Socialist Party (Bolshevik) Kerala 1
0
22 Kerala Congress (Nationalist) Kerala 1
0
23 Mizo National Front Mizoram 1
0
24 Urkhao Gwra Brahma (Independent candidate) Assam 1
0
Total NDA Candidates 542 336

Contested by BJP symbol lotus

Lok Sabha 2019 general election[edit]

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No. Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
Seats Loss References
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All states and UTs 437 303 134 [53][54][55][56][57][58][59][60][61]
2 Shiv Sena Maharasthra 23 18 5
3 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 20 1 19 [55]
4 Janata Dal (United) Bihar 17 16 1 [56]
5 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 10 2 8 [57]
6 Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu 7 0 7 [55]
7 Lok Janshakti Party Bihar 6 6 0 [56]
8 Bharath Dharma Jana Sena Kerala 4 0 4 [59]
9 Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 4 0 4 [58]
10 Asom Gana Parishad Assam 3 0 3
11 Apna Dal (Sonelal) Uttar Pradesh 2 2 0
12 All Jharkhand Students Union Jharkhand 1 1 0
13 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party Nagaland 1 1 0
14 Rashtriya Loktantrik Party Rajasthan 1 1 0
15 Tamil Maanila Congress Tamil Nadu 1 0 1 [55]
16 Puthiya Needhi Katchi Tamil Nadu 1 0 1 [55]
17 Puthiya Tamilagam Tamil Nadu 1 0 1 [55]
18 Bodoland People's Front Assam 1 0 1 [61]
19 Kerala Congress (Thomas) Kerala 1 0 1 [59]
20 All India N.R. Congress Pudhucherry 1 0 1 [60]
21 Sumalatha (independent candidate supported by BJP) Karnataka 1 1 0
Total 543 352 191

Contested by AIADMK two leaves symbol

Lok Sabha 2024 general election[edit]

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No. Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
Seats Loss References
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All states and UTs
2 Shiv Sena Maharasthra
3 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu
4 Nationalist Congress Party Maharasthra
5 Lok Janshakti Party Bihar
6 Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu
7 Asom Gana Parishad Assam
8 Apna Dal (Sonelal) Uttar Pradesh
9 All Jharkhand Students Union Jharkhand
10 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party Nagaland
11 Tamil Maanila Congress Tamil Nadu
12 Puthiya Needhi Katchi Tamil Nadu
13 Puthiya Tamilagam Tamil Nadu
14 United People's Party Liberal Assam
15 All India N.R. Congress Pudhucherry
16 Bharath Dharma Jana Sena Kerala
17 Rashtriya Lok Janata Dal Bihar
18 Hindustani Awam Morcha Bihar
Total 543

Timeline[edit]

2009[edit]

2011[edit]

2012[edit]

Presidential election
Vice-Presidential election

2013[edit]

2014[edit]

2015[edit]

2016[edit]

2017[edit]

2018[edit]

2019[edit]

  • On 7 January 2019, the AGP withdrew from the NDA and also from the Assam Government on the issue of citizenship amendment bill.
  • On 21 January 2019, the GJM withdrew from the NDA and extended the support to Mamata Banerjee .
  • On 19 February 2019, AIADMK and PMK rejoined NDA and BJP announced that "They will contest 5 Lok sabha seats in Tamil Nadu".
  • On 19 February 2019, Pattali Makkal Katchi rejoined NDA
  • BJP announced that "They will contest 5 Lok sabha seats in Tamil Nadu".
  • On 10 March 2019, DMDK rejoined NDA.
  • On 8 March 2019 in Sikkim, BJP joined hands with opposition party SKM
  • On 12 March 2019 in Assam, BJP joined hands with old ally AGP[94]
  • On 12 March 2019 in Maharashtra, Rayat Kranti Sanghatana is a part of NDA[95]
  • On 25 March 2019 in Tamil Nadu, Puthiya Needhi Katchi is a part of Alliance[96]
  • On 4 April 2019 in Rajasthan, BJP joined hands with the RLP[97]
  • On 5 April 2019 in Uttar Pradesh, Nishad Party joined hands with NDA[98]
  • On 23 May 2019 NDA won the 2019 Indian General election with record breaking 352 seats with its allys
  • In May 2019, NDA lost state elections of Andhra Pradesh & Odisha
  • In May 2019, NDA won the state elections of Arunachal Pradesh & Sikkim.
  • On 25 October 2019 in Haryana,

JJP joined hands with NDA to forming a stable government at Haryana with BJP[99]

Shiv Sena exited from the NDA, as BJP was not willing to agree for Sharing CM Post with Shiv Sena to form government in Maharashtra.[100]

  • In November 2019, NDA won the state election of Haryana
  • In November 2019, NDA lost the state election of Maharashtra
  • On 15 November 2019 in Jharkhand,

BJP, AJSU sever ties in Jharkhand days before Assembly elections 2019.[101]

  • On 23 November 2019 in Maharashtra, NCP (Ajit Pawar Faction) joined NDA, Ajit Pawar took oath as Maharashtra's Deputy Chief Minister.
  • On 26 November 2019 in Maharashtra, Ajit Pawar resigns as Maharashtra's Deputy Chief Minister. With immediate effect Devendra Fadnvis also resigns from the post of CM of Maharashtra. His term becomes the shortest term as Maharashtra's Chief Minister.
  • In December 2019, NDA lost the state election of Jharkhand.

2020[edit]

2021[edit]

2022[edit]

2023[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. Most member parties are centre-right or right-wing,[1] but a minority of them are centrist or centre-left.

References[edit]

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External links[edit]