List of ruling political parties by country

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This is a list of ruling political parties by country, in the form of a table with a link to an overview of political parties in each country and showing which party system is dominant in each country. A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around special issues with the aim to participate in power, usually by participating in elections. Individual parties are properly listed in separate articles under each nation.

The ruling party in a parliamentary system is the political party or coalition of the majority in parliament. It generally forms the central government.

Table

A

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link One-party[lower-alpha 1] Taliban 2016 (supreme leader)
See also 2021 takeover
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Independents, Amtsakhara
Aitaira
2022 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Centre, Moderate Coalition, ObS, Sustainable Initiative
Liberals, Social Democrats, Future of Åland, Ålandic Democracy[3]
2019 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Socialist Party of Albania, PSD
PD – Alliance for Change (PD, PR, PDIU, PAA, PLL, LZHK, PBDNJ), LSI
2021 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party National Liberation Front, National Rally for Democracy, Future Front, El-Bina
MSP, LP, FBG, FDJ, EFED, PLJ, Jil Jadid, FAN, El Karama, FNA, FFS
2021 (legislative)
2019 (presidential)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Democrats for Andorra, Committed Citizens, Action for Andorra
Concord, Social Democratic PartyProgressives, Andorra Forward
2023 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola
UNITA, PRS, FNLA, PHA
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Two-party Anguilla Progressive Movement
Anguilla United Front
2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Two-party Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party
United Progressive Party, Barbuda People's Movement
2023 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Frente de Todos (PJ, FR, Federal Commitment), SER, MPN
Juntos por el Cambio (PRO, UCR), Federal Peronists (CF, VcV, PDC, PS, 3P), FIT-U (PO, PTS), AL-LA
2021 (legislative)
2019 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Civil Contract, United Labour Party
Armenia Alliance (ARF, Reborn Armenia, One Armenia), I Have Honor Alliance (RPA, Homeland)
2021 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Free Motherland - UCA Alliance, United Motherland
Justice, Armenian Revolutionary Federation, Democratic Party
2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party People's Electoral Movement, RAIZ
AVP, Aruban Sovereignty Movement, RED, Accion 21
2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Two-party Labor Party
Coalition (Liberal Party, National Party) (official opposition), Greens, Centre Alliance, KAP, One Nation, JLN
2022 (federal)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Austrian People's Party, The Greens
Social Democratic Party, Freedom Party, NEOS
2019 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party New Azerbaijan Party, VHP, ADMP, VBP, AVP, BQP, Unity Party, MCP
DİP, REAL, BACXP
2020 (parliament)

B

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Two-party Progressive Liberal Party
Free National Movement
2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Pro-monarchy independents, Al Rabitah, Gathering of National Unity
Progressive Democratic Tribune
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Awami League, Workers Party, JASAD, Jatiya Party (Manju), BTF
Jatiya Party (Ershad), Bangladesh Nationalist Party, BDB, Gano Forum
2018 (general)
Template:Flag+link Two-party Barbados Labour Party
No parliamentary opposition, Democratic Labour Party
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Independents (Belaya Rus), Communist Party, Patriotic Party, RPTS, Agrarian Party
LDPB[lower-alpha 2]
2019 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party PS, MR, Ecolo, CD&V, Open Vld, Groen, Vooruit
N-VA, Vlaams Belang, PTB/PVDA, Les Engagés, DéFI
2019 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party N-VA, CD&V, Open Vld
Vooruit, Groen, Vlaams Belang, PTB/PVDA
2019 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party PS, MR, Ecolo
PTB/PVDA, Les Engagés
2019 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party PS, Ecolo, DéFI, Groen, Open Vld, Vooruit
MR, PTB/PVDA, Les Engagés, DierAnimal, N-VA, Vlaams Belang, CD&V, Agora
2019 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Two-party People's United Party
United Democratic Party
2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Progressive Union for Renewal, Republican Bloc
The Democrats
2021 (presidential)
2023 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Two-party Progressive Labour Party
One Bermuda Alliance
2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Two-party Bhutan United Party
Bhutan Peace and Prosperity Party
2018 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Movement for Socialism
Civic Community (FRI), Creemos (PDC, UCS)
2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Bonaire People's Movement
Bonaire Democratic Party, Bonaire Patriotic Union
2019 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party SNSD, HDZ BiH, People and Justice, SDP BiH, DNS, Our Party, ZNG, DEMOS, United Srpska, BHI KF
Party of Democratic Action, Democratic Front-Civic Alliance, SDS, PDP, NES, ZPR
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Botswana Democratic Party
UDC (official opposition), Botswana Patriotic Front, Alliance for Progressives
2019 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Brazil of Hope (Workers' Party, PCdoB, PV), PSB, PDT, PSOL-REDE, PSD, MDB, Avante, Cidadania, SD, PROS
Liberal Party, Progressives, Brazil Union, Republicans, PSC, Patriota, PTB, PSDB, NOVO, Podemos
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Absolute monarchy; no political parties[lower-alpha 3] No elections
Template:Flag+link Multi-party GERB–SDS, PP–DB
Revival, DPS, BSP for Bulgaria, ITN
2021 (general)
2023 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Military junta (Patriotic Movement for Safeguard and Restoration); civilian government suspended See 2022 coup d'état
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party National Council for the Defense of Democracy
National Congress for Liberty, Union for National Progress
2020 (general)

C

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Cambodian People's Party
FUNCINPEC
2018 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Cameroon People's Democratic Movement
UNDP, Social Democratic Front, CPNR, Cameroon Democratic Union, FNSC, MDR, USM
2020 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Liberal Party (minority), New Democratic Party
Conservative Party (main opposition), Bloc Québécois, Green Party
2021 (federal)
Template:Flag+link Two-party Movement for Democracy
African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde (president's party), UCID
2021 (presidential)
2021 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Two-party Independents
People's Progressive Movement
2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party United Hearts Movement
Kwa Na Kwa, URCA, MLPC, MOUNI, RDC and others
2020-21 (general)
Template:Flag+link Transitional government (National Transitional Council) See 2021 coup d'état
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Government Alliance (Apruebo Dignidad (Broad Front (CS, RD, Comunes), Chile Digno (PCCh, FREVS, AH), Democratic Socialism (PS, PPD, PR, PL))
Chile Vamos (National Renewal, UDI, Evópoli), Christian Social Front (PLR, PSC), PDC, Party of the People, AxCh, Democrats
2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link One-party Chinese Communist Party, other minor political parties (JS, CAPD, CDL, CNDCA, CPWDP, RCCK, CZGP, Taimeng) 2023 (congressional)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Pro-Beijing camp (DAB, FTU, BPA, NPP, LP, FEW, FLU, Roundtable, PP, KWND, NP, NCF)
Third Side, Pro-democracy camp
2021 (legislative)
2019 (local)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Pro-Beijing camp (ACUM, UPD, UMG, UPP, ABL)
Pro-democracy camp (NE), Synergy Power
2021 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Two-party Democratic Progressive Party
Kuomintang (official opposition), People's Party, New Power Party
2020 (presidential)
2020 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Historic Pact, Liberal Party, Green Alliance, Colombia Reborn, ASI, Citizen Force, Commons
Democratic Center, Radical Change, LIGA, Oxygen Green, MIRA, Conservative Party, Social Party of National Unity, National Salvation Movement, Colombia Justa Libres
2022 (legislative)
2022 (presidential)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Convention for the Renewal of the Comoros
Orange Party
2020 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Congolese Party of Labour, MAR, RDPS
UPADS, UDH-Yuki, MAR, PRL, Club 2002, DRD, RDPS, APC, MUST, MDC, CPR, URDP, RC, MCDDI
2021 (presidential)
2022 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party President: UDPS; Parliament: Common Front for Congo
Parliamentary opposition: Lamuka, Heading for Change
2018 (general)
2019 (senate)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Cook Islands Party, Pro-government independents
Democratic Party, Cook Islands United Party, One Cook Islands Movement
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Social Democratic Progress Party (minority)
PLN, PUSC, PNR, PLP, Broad Front
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Croatian Democratic Union (incl. HDS), SDSS, HSLS, HNS-LD, HSU
Social Democrats, SDP, The Bridge, DP (incl. BLOK), Green–Left (We can!, NL), Sovereignists, Centre-GLAS, HSS-RF, IDS-DDI, Focus (incl. DBNL, NS-R)
2020 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link One-party Communist Party of Cuba 2023 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party MFK, National People's Party
PAR, Partido MAN, Kòrsou Esun Miho, Work for Curaçao
2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Democratic Party, Democratic Alignment, EDEK
Democratic Rally, AKEL, ELAM, KOSP
2023 (presidential)
2021 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party SPOLU (ODS, KDU–ČSL, TOP 09), PaS (STAN, Pirate Party)
ANO 2011, Freedom and Direct Democracy
2021 (legislative)
2023 (presidential)

D

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Social Democrats, Venstre, Moderates, Union Party, Social Democratic Party, Siumut, Inuit Ataqatigiit
Green Left, Denmark Democrats, Liberals, Conservatives, Red–Greens, Social Liberals, Alternative, New Right, DF
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Union for the Presidential Majority (RPP, FRUD, PND, PSD, UPR)
UDJ
2021 (presidential)
2023 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Dominica Labour Party
No parliamentary opposition, Team Unity Dominica, United Workers' Party
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Modern Revolutionary Party, Broad Front, APD, Dominicans for Change, PHD, BIS, PRSD, PQDC, PCR
Dominican Liberation Party, People's Force, PRSC, Dominican Revolutionary Party, ALPAÍS, PLR
2020 (general)

E

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Multi-party National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction, Democratic Party
FRETILIN, KHUNTO, People's Liberation Party
2023 (parliament)
2022 (presidential)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party CREO, PSE, MC, MEU, Avanza, PSP, MDS, UE, MC25, Pachakutik, ID
Union for Hope (Citizen Revolution, CD), Social Christian Party
2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Independents, Nation's Future Party, RPP, New Wafd, HDP, MEP, SDP
CDM (RDP, ESDP, Justice) Tagammu, Conference, EFP, Al-Nour, EPM, EGP
2018 (presidential)
2020 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Nuevas Ideas, GANA, PCN, PDC
ARENA, FMLN, Nuestro Tiempo, Vamos
2019 (presidential)
2021 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea
No parliamentary opposition, Convergence for Social Democracy
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link One-party People's Front for Democracy and Justice Elections postponed
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Reform Party, Estonia 200, Social Democratic Party
Conservative People's Party, Centre Party, Isamaa
2023 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link No political parties 2018 (general)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Prosperity Party
NaMA, EZEMA, Gedeo People's Democratic Organization
2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party EPP, PES, ALDE
ECR, ID, EGP, EFA, PEL, EDP, ECPM
2019 (parliament)

F

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Social Democratic Party, Republic, Progress
Union Party, People's Party, Centre Party
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party People's Alliance, National Federation Party, SODELPA
FijiFirst
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party National Coalition, Finns Party, Christian Democrats, Swedish People's Party
SDP, Centre Party, The Greens, Left Alliance, Movement Now
2023 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party RE, MoDem, HOR, MR (minority)
RN (main opposition), LFI, LR, PS, EELV, PCF, DLF, REC
2022 (presidential)
2022 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party DVG, Péyi Guyane, La France Insoumise, MDES, Socialist Party
DVC, Guiana Rally, The Republicans
2021 (regional)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Tāvini Huiraʻatira
Tapura Huiraatira, A here ia Porinetia, ʻĀmuitahiraʻa
2023 (legislative)

G

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other Parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Gabonese Democratic Party
The Democrats, RPM, SDG, RVR, others
2016 (presidential)
2018 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party National People's Party, National Reconciliation Party, APRC
United Democratic Party, PDOIS
2021 (presidential)
2022 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party[4][5] Georgian Dream, People's Power
Strength Is in Unity (ENM, SK, PdT, EDP), For Georgia, Girchi, European Socialists, Strategy Builder, Lelo, Citizens, SRP, KdS
2020 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Social Democratic Party, A90/Greens, Free Democratic Party
Christian Democratic Union of Germany(CDU/CSU), AfD, The Left
2021 (federal)
Template:Flag+link Two-party New Patriotic Party
National Democratic Congress
2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Two-party GSLP–Liberal Alliance (GSLP, LPG)
Gibraltar Social Democrats, Together Gibraltar
2019 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party New Democracy
Syriza (official opposition), PASOK-KINAL (PASOK, KIDISO), KKE, Greek Solution, Spartans, Victory, Course of Freedom
2023 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Inuit Ataqatigiit, Naleraq, Atassut
Siumut, Democrats
2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link Two-party National Democratic Congress
New National Party
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party GUSR, DVC
Plural Left
2021 (regional)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Vamos, Valor, FCN, Todos, VIVA, Humanist, Citizen Prosperity, BIEN, Unionist, Victory, PAN, Podemos
UNE, Semilla, CREO, BIEN, Winaq, URNG–MAIZ, Victory, MLP
2019 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Independents
Guernsey Partnership of Independents, Guernsey Party, Alliance Party Guernsey
2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Military junta (National Committee of Reconciliation and Development); civilian government suspended See 2021 coup d'état
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Madem G15, Party for Social Renewal, APU-PDGB
PAIGC, Guinean Workers' Party
2019 (presidential)
2023 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Two-party People's Progressive Party
People's National Congress (APNU, AFC) (official opposition), LJPANUGTNM
2020 (legislative)

H

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Non-partisan acting government
Parliament now dissolved, Tèt Kale, Inite, Haiti in Action, OPL, RDNP, Fanmi Lavalas, Renmen, Platfom Pitit Desalin, UNCRH, PFSDH
2016–17 (senate)
Nov 2016 (presidential)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Liberty and Refoundation, Savior Party of Honduras, PINU, Christian Democratic Party
National Party, Liberal Party, Anti-Corruption Party
2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Fidesz–KDNP (Fidesz, KDNP), LdU
United for Hungary (DK, Momentum, MSZP, Jobbik, Dialogue, LMP, MMM), Our Homeland Movement
2022 (parliament)

I

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Independence Party, Progressive Party, Left-Green Movement
Samfylkingin, People's Party, Pirate Party, Liberal Reform Party, Centre Party
2021 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party National Democratic Alliance (BJP, BSS, AD(S), AJSU, AIADMK, NDPP, NPP, NPF, MNF, SKM)
INDIA (INC, DMK, JDU, SS (UBT) NCP, RJD, JKNC, IUML, JMM, RSP, VCK)
Others (AITC, YSRCP, BJD, BSP, BRS, SP, TDP, CPI(M), SAD, CPI, AIMIM, AIUDF, KC(M), JD(S), AAP, RLP)
2019 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Onward Indonesia Coalition (PDI-P, Golkar, Gerindra Party, Nasdem Party, PKB, PAN, PPP)
Democratic Party, PKS
2019 (general)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party[lower-alpha 4] Principlists (SHANA, Stability Front)
Reformists (Moderation and Development Party, Executives of Construction Party), independents
2021 (presidential)
2020 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Takadum, State of Law, PDK, Fatah, PUK, Azem, Victory Alliance, Babylon Movement
Emtidad, New Generation Movement, Tasmim, National Contract, Ishraq Kanoon, NPI, MDR, others
2021 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Kurdistan Democratic Party, Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
Gorran Movement, New Generation Movement, Kurdistan Justice Group, Kurdistan Islamic Union
2018 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Fianna Fáil, Fine Gael, Green Party
Sinn Féin, Labour Party, Social Democrats, PBP–S, Aontú, Right to Change
2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Two-party[lower-alpha 5] Independents
Labour Party, Liberal Vannin Party
2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Likud, Shas, UTJ (Degel HaTorah, Agudat), Religious Zionist Party, Otzma, Noam
Yesh Atid, National Unity Party (Resilience Party, New Hope), Yisrael Beiteinu, Ra'am, Hadash (Maki), Labor, Ta'al
2022 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Brothers of Italy, League, Forza Italia, Us Moderates, MAIE
PD–IDP (Democratic Party, Art. 1, DemoS, CD), Five Star Movement, Action – Italia Viva, AVS, +E, SVP, UV
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Rally of Houphouëtists for Democracy and Peace (RDR)
PDCI-RDA, Together for Democracy and Sovereignty, UDPCI, FPI
2021 (parliament)

J

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Two-party Jamaica Labour Party
People's National Party
2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Liberal Democratic Party, Komeito
Constitutional Democratic Party, Ishin, DPP, Communist Party, Reiwa, SDP, Sanseitō, NHK Party
2021 (general)
2022 (Sangiin)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party[lower-alpha 6] Independents
Reform Jersey, Jersey Liberal Conservatives, Progress Party
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party[lower-alpha 7] Pro-monarchy independents, Jordanian United Front Party, National Loyalty Party
Islamic Action Front, Islamic Centre Party
2020 (general)

K

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Amanat
Auyl, Respublica, Aq Jol, People's Party, Nationwide Social Democratic Party
2022 (presidential)
2023 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Kenya Kwanza (UDA, ANC, UDM, FORD–K, PAA, MCC, UPIA, TSP, CCK, DP, MDG, GDDP, NAP, NOPEU)
Azimio la Umoja (ODM, Jubilee, WDM-K, DAP-K, KANU, KUP, UPA, UDP)
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Two-party Tobwaan Kiribati Party
Boutokaan Kiribati Moa Party
2020 (presidential)
2020 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link One-party Workers' Party of Korea, other DFRK members (Social Democratic Party, Chondoist Chongu Party, Chongryon) 2019 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Two-party People Power Party
Democratic Party, Justice Party, Basic Income Party, Transition Korea
2022 (presidential)
2020 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link No political parties 2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Mekenchil, Ata-Jurt Kyrgyzstan, Ishenim, Yntymak
Eldik, Alliance, United Kyrgyzstan, Light of Faith, Social Democrats, Afghans' Party
2021 (presidential)
2021 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Vetëvendosje, Guxo, KDTP, NDS, IRDK, Vakat, LPRK, SDU, PAI
PDK, LDK, Serb List, AAK, JGP, RI
2021 (parliament)

L

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link One-party Lao People's Revolutionary Party 2021 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party New Unity (Unity), United List (LRA, LZP, LP), National Alliance
Union of Greens and Farmers (LZS, LSDSP, LuV), For Stability!, The Progressives, Latvia First
2022 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Acting govt: Free Patriotic Movement, Amal, Hezbollah, PSP, Marada, Tashnag, Al-Ahbash, Ba'ath, Union Party, Islamic Group
Lebanese Forces, Kataeb, Taqaddom, Independence Movement, Tahalof Watani, ReLebanon, Khatt Ahmar, Lana, Osos, NDP, PNO
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Revolution for Prosperity, Alliance of Democrats, MEC
Democratic Congress, All Basotho Convention, Basotho Action Party, LCD, SR, BNP, PFD, BCM, MPS, NIP, HOPE
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Two-party Coalition for Democratic Change (Congress for Democratic Change, NPP)
Unity Party (main opposition), Liberty Party, ANC, PUP, ALP, MEE, MDR, LTP, UPP, VCP, LPP, LINU
2017 (general)
Template:Flag+link Provisional government (disputed between Government of National Unity and Government of National Stability);
elected provisional parliament is nonpartisan
2014 (parliament)
See also Peace process
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Patriotic Union, Progressive Citizens' Party
Free List, Democrats for Liechtenstein
2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Homeland Union, Liberal Movement, Freedom Party
LVŽS, DSVL, LSDP, Labour Party, LLRA–KŠS, LRP, Freedom and Justice, TTS
2020 (parliament)
2019 (presidential)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Democratic Party, LSAP, The Greens
CSV, ADR, Pirate Party, The Left
2018 (general)

M

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Young Malagasies Determined, Freedom, ADN
Tiako I Madagasikara, independents, RPSD-Vaovao, MTS, GJPS, MDM, MATITA, Malagasy Miara Miainga
2018 (presidential)
2019 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Malawi Congress Party, UTM, independents
DPP, UDF, People's Party, Alliance for Democracy
2020 (presidential)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party PH (PKR, DAP, AMANAH, UPKO), BN (UMNO, MCA, MIC, PBRS), GPS (PBB, PRS, PDP, SUPP), GRS (PBS, STAR), WARISAN, KDM, MUDA, PBM
PN (BERSATU, PAS, GERAKAN)
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Maldivian Democratic Party, Jumhooree Party
PPM, People's National Congress, MDA, DRP
2018 (presidential)
2019 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Military junta; civilian government suspended See 2021 coup d'état
Template:Flag+link Two-party Labour Party
Nationalist Party
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Two-party Independents (Aelon̄ Kein Ad, United Democratic Party) 2019 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Equity Party, Union for Democracy and Progress, El Karama, AND
Tewassoul, UFP, RFD, APP, Sawab-RAG, Sursaut, AJD/MR, Hatem
2019 (presidential)
2018 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party MSM, ML, OPR, MAG, Plateforme Militante
MMM, PMSD, Labour Party
2019 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party The Republicans, NÉMA, DVD
MDM, Renaissance, DVC
2021 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Morena, Green Party, Labor Party
PAN, PRI, Citizens' Movement, PRD
2018 (general)
2021 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2021 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Party of Action and Solidarity
Bloc of Communists and Socialists (Socialist Party, Communist Party), Șor Party
2021 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Monegasque National Union (Priorité Monaco, Horizon Monaco, Union Monégasque)
No parliamentary opposition, New Ideas for Monaco
2023 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Mongolian People's Party
Democratic Party, Right Person Electorate Coalition
2021 (presidential)
2020 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Socialist People's Party, CnB (URA, Civis), BS, SDP, FORCA, UDSH, Democratic Party of Socialists, Liberal Party
Democratic Front (NSD, DNP, PZP, RP), Peace is Our Nation (Democrats, DEMOS), SD, Prava, UCG
2020 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Two-party Movement for Change and Prosperity
People's Democratic Movement
2019 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party National Rally of Independents, Istiqlal Party, Authenticity and Modernity Party
USFP, Popular Movement, PPS, Constitutional Union, PJD, MDS, FFD, AFG, PSU
2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party FRELIMO Party
RENAMO, Democratic Movement
2019 (general)
Template:Flag+link Military junta (State Administration Council); civilian government suspended See 2021 coup d'état

N

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party SWAPO Party of Namibia
PDM, LPM, NUDO, APP, UDF, Republican Party, NEFF, IPC, RDP, CDV, SWANU
2019 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Independents, Nauru First
Opposition independents
2022 (parliament)
2022 (presidential)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Nepali Congress, Socialist Front (CPN (Maoist Centre), CPN (Unified Socialist), PSP-N), Janamat Party, LSP-N, NUP, Rastriya Janamorcha
CPN (UML), RSP, RPP, NWPP
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party VVD, CDA, D66, Christian Union
PVV, PvdA, GL, SP, PvdD, FvD, 50PLUS, SGP, Volt, JA21, DENK, BVNL, BBB, BIJ1
2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Caledonian Union, FLNKS, L'EO, UNI, LKS, Labour Party
Future with Confidence, Caledonia Together, Generations NC
2019 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Labour Party, Green Party
National Party (official opposition), ACT New Zealand, Te Pāti Māori
2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Sandinista National Liberation Front, YATAMA
Constitutionalist Liberal Party, ALN, PLI, Alliance for the Republic, Nicaraguan Christian Path
2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party PNDS, MPR, MNSD, CPR, ANDP, RDP, RPP, ARD, MDEN, RSD, ADEN
MODEN/FA, RDR, MPN, PJP, AMEN, PSD, ADR, RNDP
2020-21 (general)
Template:Flag+link Two-party All Progressives Congress
Peoples Democratic Party (official opposition), YPP, APGA, ADC, PRP
2019 (general)
Template:Flag+link Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party We Can (SDSM, NSDP, VMRO – People's Party, TDP, THP, POPGM, SSM), DUI, Alternativa, LDP, DPA, DOM, DS
Renewal (VMRO-DPMNE, SPM, DPSM, GROM, ROM), Alliance for Albanians, The Left, Besa
2019 (presidential)
2020 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party National Unity Party, Democratic Party, Rebirth Party
Republican Turkish Party, People's Party
2022 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Labour Party, Centre Party
Conservative Party, FrP, SV, Liberal Party, Red Party, KrF, Green Party, Patient Focus
2021 (parliament)

O

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition Last election
Template:Flag+link Political parties outlawed 2019 (general)

P

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Pakistan Democratic Movement (PML(N), PPP, MMA, MQM-P, BNP-M, BAP, JWP, ANP)
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf, PML(Q), GDA, AML
2018 (general)
2022 crisis
Template:Flag+link Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party PLO (Fatah, PFLP, DFLP, PPP), National Initiative, Third Way
Hamas (de facto control of the Gaza Strip)
2006 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Democratic Revolutionary Party, MOLIRENA
Democratic Change, Panameñista Party
2019 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Pangu, URP, NA, People's, SDP, PFP, PNGP, ULP, Advance, National, AP, Green, Liberal, MAP, NGP, ODP, PLP, PMC, PPP, PRP, Destiny, THE
People's National Congress Party
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Colorado Party
PLRA, Guasú Front, PPQ, PDP, UNACE, GANAR, Hagamos Party, PEN, MCN
2018 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Non-partisan government, Popular Force, Popular Action, Popular Renewal, Go on Country, Alliance for Progress, We Are Peru
Free Peru, Magisterial Bloc, Bicentennial Peru, Democratic Peru, Together for Peru, Podemos Perú
2021 (general)
2022 crisis
Template:Flag+link Multi-party UniTeam Alliance (PFP, Lakas–CMD), Nacionalista, NPC, LDP, PDP–Laban, United Nationalist Alliance, Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino, NUP, others
Team TRoPa (Liberal Party,Akbayan), Partido Demokratiko Sosyalista ng Pilipinas, Makabayan, Reporma, Aksyon, others
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party United Right (PiS, SP, Republican Party, OdNowa RP), Kukiz'15
KO (PO, .N, IPL, PZ), KP (PSL, UED), The Left (NL, Razem), Confederation (KORWiN, RN, KKP), PL2050, PJG, PPS, KWMN
2020 (presidential)
2019 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Socialist Party
Social Democratic Party, Chega, Liberal Initiative, Communist Party, Left Bloc, People Animals Nature, LIVRE
2022 (parliament)
2021 (presidential)
Template:Flag+link Two-party Popular Democratic Party
New Progressive Party (governor's party), MVC, PIP, PD
2020 (general)

Q

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition Last election
Template:Flag+link Political parties outlawed 2021 (general)

R

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Multi-party National Coalition for Romania (PSD, PNL), Ethnic minority parties
Save Romania Union, Alliance for the Union of Romanians, UDMR/RMDSZ, Force of the Right, REPER, AD, NR, ROASIT
2019 (presidential)
2020 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party United Russia, LDPR, A Just Russia — For Truth, Rodina, Civic Platform
Communist Party, New People, Party of Growth
2018 (presidential)
2021 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Rwandan Patriotic Front
Social Democratic Party, PS-Imberakuri, PL, Democratic Greens
2017 (presidential)
2018 (parliament)

S

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2021 (general)
Template:Hanging indent Multi-party Saint Kitts and Nevis Labour Party
Concerned Citizens' Movement, People's Labour Party, People's Action Movement
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Two-party Saint Lucia Labour Party
United Workers Party
2021 (general)
Template:Hanging indent Two-party Archipelago Tomorrow (LR)
Together for the Future (PRG)
2022 (legislative)
Template:Hanging indent Two-party Unity Labour Party
New Democratic Party
2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Two-party Faʻatuatua i le Atua Samoa ua Tasi, Samoa National Democratic Party
Human Rights Protection Party
2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Sammarinese Christian Democratic Party, RETE Movement, DML, NplR
Libera, Future Republic
2019 (general)
Template:Hanging indent Multi-party Independent Democratic Action
MLSTP/PSD, MCI/PS-PUN, Basta
2021 (presidential)
2022 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Absolute monarchy; no political parties No elections
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party United in Hope (APR, AFP, PS), Bokk Gis Gis
Liberate the People (PASTEF, PUR, TS), Wallu Sénégal (PDS), MPR, AAR
2019 (presidential)
2022 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Together We Can Do Everything (SNS, PSS-BK, SNP, PS, SPO, NSS, USS, BS), IDPS (SPS, ZS), JS, SDPS, PUPS, VMSZ, SPP
Ujedinjeni (SSP, PSG, PZP, Sloga, Fatherland), NADA (New DSS, POKS, NN—IJS), NS, DS, SSZ, Together, Dveri, SDA SDSHVZZVPVD, NDB, ZKS
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Two-party Linyon Demokratik Seselwa (Seychelles National Party, Seychellois Alliance, SPSJD, SUP)
United Seychelles
2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Two-party All People's Congress
Sierra Leone People's Party (president's party), C4C, NGC
2018 (general)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party People's Action Party
Workers' Party, Progress Singapore Party
2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party National Alliance, United People's Party
USP, Party for Progress, UD
2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Ordinary People, Freedom and Solidarity, We Are Family, For the People
Smer–SSD, Hlas–SD, ĽSNS, Republic, Život–NS, Progressive Slovakia, SPOLU
2020 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Freedom Movement, Social Democrats, The Left
Slovenian Democratic Party, New Slovenia
2022 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Independents, Kadere Party, Democratic Alliance Party, People's Alliance Party
Democratic Party, United Democratic Party, United Party, People First Party, SIPRA
2019 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Independents, Forum for National Parties (UPD (president's party))
Tayo
2022 (presidential)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Waddani, Justice and Welfare Party
Kulmiye Peace, Unity, and Development Party (president's party)
2017 (presidential)
2021 (parliamentary)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party African National Congress
DA (official opposition), EFF, IFP, FF+, ACDP, UDM, ATM, Good, NFP, AIC, COPE
2019 (general)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Independents, Nykhaz (president's party)
United Ossetia, People's Party, Unity of the People, Communist Party
2019 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Sudan People's Liberation Movement
SPLM-in-Opposition, South Sudan Opposition Alliance
2010 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party PSOE, Unidas Podemos (Podemos, IU, ECP), ERC–S, EAJ-PNV, EH Bildu, PDeCAT, Más País, MC, NCa, TE, PRC
People's Party, Vox, Citizens, Junts, Popular Unity Candidacy, NA+, CC, Asturias Forum, BNG
2019 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party SLPFA (Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna, EPDP, MEP, TMVP), UNP
Samagi Jana Balawegaya, FPA (SLFP, ULS, FPC), TNA, NPP, TNPF, TPNA
2022 (presidential)
2020 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Provisional government (Transitional Sovereignty Council); elections suspended[6] See transition to democracy
Template:Flag+link Multi-party VHP, ABOP, National Party of Suriname, Pertjajah Luhur
National Democratic Party, Brotherhood and Unity in Politics
2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Moderate Party, Christian Democrats, Liberals, Sweden Democrats
Social Democratic Party, Left Party, Centre Party, Green Party
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Swiss People's Party (Ticino League, EDU-UDF), Social Democratic Party, The Centre (EVP), FDP.The Liberals
Greens (solidaritéS, Party of Labour), Green Liberal Party
2019 (federal)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party National Progressive Front: (Ba'ath Party, SSNP, SUP, SCP (Bakdash), ASU, SCP (Unified), NCP, ADU, DSUP)
No parliamentary opposition, Syrian opposition
2020 (parliament)
2021 (presidential)

T

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party People's Democratic Party, Agrarian Party, Communist Party
Party of Economic Reforms, Democratic Party, Socialist Party
2020 (presidential)
2020 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Chama Cha Mapinduzi
Chadema, Civic United Front, Alliance for Change and Transparency
2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Chama Cha Mapinduzi
Alliance for Democratic Change, Alliance for Tanzania Farmers Party, Tanzania Democratic Alliance
2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Palang Pracharath, BJT, Democrat Party, Chartthaipattana, Chart Pattana, ACT, TLP, NEP, FCP, New Palangdharma, NDP
Pheu Thai, Move Forward, Liberal, Prachachart, Pheu Chat, Palang Puangchon Thai, Thai Civilized Party
2019 (general)
Tigray Region Dominant-party Tigray People's Liberation Front
National Congress of Great Tigray, TIP, SAWET, ADP
2020 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Union for the Republic
Union of Forces for Change, NET, MPDD, PDP, MRC
2020 (presidential)
2018 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Two-party Independents, Democratic Party of the Friendly Islands, Tongan nobles
Independents, Tonga People's Party
2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Republican Party "Obnovlenie"
No parliamentary opposition, Pridnestrovie Communist Party
2021 (presidential)
2020 (legislative)
Template:Hanging indent Two-party People's National Movement
United National Congress
2020 (general)
Template:Flag+link Two-party Progressive Democratic Patriots
Tobago Council of the People's National Movement
2021 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Non-partisan government, 25th of July Movement
People's Movement
2019 (president)
2022–23 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Justice and Development Party, Nationalist Movement Party, Great Unity Party
Republican People's Party, Peoples' Democratic Party, Good Party, TIP, Homeland Party, DP, ZP, DEVA, DBP, Saadet, YP
2023 (president)2023 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Democratic Party of Turkmenistan, Agrarian Party, Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs
No parliamentary opposition
2023 (parliament)
2022 (presidential)
Template:Hanging indent Two-party Progressive National Party
People's Democratic Movement
2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2019 (general)

U

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party National Resistance Movement
NUP, FDC, Democratic Party, UPC, JEEMA, PPP
2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Servant of the People, Platform for Life and Peace, For the Future, Dovira, Restoration of Ukraine
European Solidarity, Batkivshchyna, Holos
2019 (president)
2019 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Political parties outlawed 2019 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Conservative Party
Labour (official opposition), SNP, Lib Dems, DUP, Sinn Féin, Plaid Cymru, SDLP, Alba, Greens, Alliance
2019 (general)
Northern Ireland Multi-party Direct rule[lower-alpha 8]
Sinn Féin, DUP, Alliance, UUP, SDLP, TUV, People Before Profit
2022 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Scottish National Party, Scottish Greens
Conservatives, Labour, Liberal Democrats
2021 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Labour
Conservatives (official opposition), Plaid Cymru, Lib Dems
2021 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Two-party Democratic Party
Republican Party (majority in U.S. House)
2020 (general)
2022 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party National Party, Colorado Party, CA, PI, Partido de la Gente
Broad Front, PERI
2019 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Liberal Democratic Party, National Revival Democratic Party
Justice Social Democratic Party, People's Democratic Party, Ecological Party
2021 (presidential)
2019-20 (parliament)

V

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Multi-party UMP, RMC, LPV, GJP, NUP, PPP, VNDP, Laverwo
Vanua'aku Pati, RDP, Iauko Group, Nagriamel, PUDP, VPDP, UCM, NCM
2022 (general)
Template:Flag+link Elective absolute monarchy; no political parties 2013 (papal conclave)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party GPPSB (PSUV, PPT, Tupamaro, MSV, PODEMOS, APC, MEP, ORA, UPP)
Democratic Alliance (AD, AP, El Cambio, PV, COPEI), APR (PCV)
2020 (parliament)
2018 (presidential)
Template:Flag+link One-party Communist Party of Vietnam, Fatherland Front 2021 (parliament)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Virgin Islands Party
NDP, Progressive Virgin Islands Movement, Progressives United
2019 (general)
Template:Flag+link Multi-party Democratic Party
Republican Party, Independent Citizens Movement
2022 (gubernatorial)

W

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Non-partisan democracy; no political parties 2022 (legislative)
Template:Flag+link One-party Polisario Front 2020 (legislative)

Y

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party General People's Congress[lower-alpha 9]
Al-Islah, Yemeni Socialist Party, Nasserist Unionist People's Organisation, Ba'ath Party
2012 (presidential)
2003 (parliament)
See also 2014–2015 takeover

Z

Country Party system Ruling party or coalition
Other parties
Last election
Template:Flag+link Multi-party United Party for National Development
Patriotic Front, Party of National Unity and Progress
2021 (general)
Template:Flag+link Dominant-party Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front
MDC Alliance, Citizens Coalition for Change, MDC–Tsvangirai, NPF
2018 (general)

See also

Notes

  1. All political parties are banned as "un-Islamic". The Taliban is the only legal political force in the current regime.[1][2]
  2. The Liberal Democratic Party of Belarus asserts that it is an opposition party, but supports the presidency of Alexander Lukashenko nonetheless.
  3. Small parties exist, but have no power.
  4. Iran's parties must adhere to a religious system of governance.
  5. Independent politicians dominate in Isle of Man's political system.
  6. Independent politicians dominate Jersey's political system.
  7. Independent pro-monarchy politicians dominate Jordan's political system.
  8. The Executive of the 7th Northern Ireland Assembly is yet to be appointed, following the 2022 election to the seventh Northern Ireland Assembly held on 5 May. The DUP refused to assent to the election of a Speaker, on 13 May and again on 30 May, in further protest to the Northern Ireland Protocol, so the Assembly could not continue to other business, including the appointment of a fresh Executive. The Speaker and incumbent ministers would continue in office in caretaker roles until the Assembly would meet again, or fresh elections are called by the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.
  9. Competing factions of the General People's Congress are in charge of different parts of the country in the course of the ongoing civil war. In North Yemen, the Houthi movement-aligned faction loyal to party founder Ali Abdullah Saleh only partially shares power with the movement.[7]

References

  1. Azadi, RFE/RL's Radio. "Taliban Bans Political Parties In Afghanistan After Declaring Them Un-Islamic". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2023-08-20.
  2. "Taliban Ban Afghan Political Parties, Citing Sharia Violations". VOA. 2023-08-16. Retrieved 2023-08-20.
  3. "Ny regering på Åland | Ålands landskapsregering". www.regeringen.ax. Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  4. David Aprasidze, David S. Siroky: Technocratic Populism in Hybrid Regimes: Georgia on My Mind and in My Pocket, Politics Gov., Vol. 8, No. 4 (2020).
  5. Phillip Oravec , Edward C. Holland: The Georgian Dream? Outcomes from the Summer of Protest, 2018, Demokratizatsiya, Vol. 27, No. 2 (2019), pp. 249–256.
  6. Magdy, Samy; Elhennawy, Noha (21 November 2021). "Sudan military leaders reinstate deposed prime minister". Associated Press. Retrieved 5 July 2022.
  7. Tawfeek al-Ganad (20 September 2022). "Weak and Divided, the General People's Congress Turns 40". Sana'a Center For Strategic Studies. Sanaa. Retrieved 11 February 2023.