Praja Socialist Party

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Praja Socialist Party
FoundedSeptember 1952; 71 years ago (1952-09)
Succeeded bySamyukta Socialist Party/Socialist Party.[1]
Headquarters18, Windsor Place, New Delhi[2]
Political positionLeft-wing
International affiliationAsian Socialist Conference

The Praja Socialist Party, abbreviated as PSP, was an Indian political party.[3] It was founded when the Socialist Party, led by Jayaprakash Narayan, Rambriksh Benipuri, Acharya Narendra Deva and Basawon Singh (Sinha), merged with the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party led by J. B. Kripalani (former president of the Indian National Congress and a close associate of Jawaharlal Nehru).

It led the cabinet under Pattom A. Thanu Pillai as chief minister of State of Travancore-Cochin from March 1954 to February 1955. A section led by Rammanohar Lohia broke from the party in 1955,[citation needed] resuming the name "Socialist Party".[citation needed] It again came to power in the new state of Kerala under Pattom A. Thanu Pillai from February 1960 to September 1962. In 1960, Kripalani left the party and in 1964, Asoka Mehta joined Congress after his expulsion from the party.

Another section of the party, led by the trade union leader George Fernandes, broke off to become the Samyukta Socialist Party in 1969. In 1972, a section merged with Fernandes' party to become the Samyukta Socialist Party/Socialist Party once more, before becoming part of the Janata coalition following the Emergency in 1977.[citation needed]


In September 1952, the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party merged with the Socialist Party with J. B. Kriplani as the chairman and Asoka Mehta as the general secretary.[4]


At the party's first general election in 1957, the PSP won 10.41% of the total votes and 19 seats in the Lok Sabha.[5] However, the party's vote share continued to decline over the next few elections. It won 6.81% of the total votes and 12 seats in the Lok Sabha in 1962,[6] 3.06% of the total votes and 13 seats in the Lok Sabha in 1967[7] and only 1.04% of the total votes and only 2 seats in the Lok Sabha in 1971.[4][8]

See also


  1. Verinder Grover (1997). Political Parties and Party System. Deep & Deep Publications. pp. 228–231. ISBN 978-81-7100-878-0.
  2. Braunthal, Julius (ed). Yearbook of the International Socialist Labour Movement. Vol. II. London: Lincolns-Prager International Yearbook Pub. Co, 1960. p. 38
  3. Lewis P. Fickett Jr. (September 1973). "The Praja Socialist Party of India—1952–1972: A Final Assessment". Asian Survey. 13 (9): 826–832. doi:10.2307/2642762. JSTOR 2642762.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Chandra, Bipan & others (2000). India after Independence 1947–2000, Neu Delhi:Penguin Books, ISBN 0-14-027825-7, pp. 201–2
  5. "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1957 to the Second Lok Sabha, Volume I" (PDF). Election Commission of India website. p. 37. Retrieved 10 March 2010.
  6. "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1962 to the Third Lok Sabha, Volume I" (PDF). Election Commission of India website. p. 56. Retrieved 10 March 2010.
  7. "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1967 to the Fourth Lok Sabha, Volume I" (PDF). Election Commission of India website. p. 75. Retrieved 10 March 2010.
  8. "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1971 to the Fifth Lok Sabha, Volume I" (PDF). Election Commission of India website. p. 76. Retrieved 10 March 2010.