Janata Parivar

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Janata Parivar Alliance
ChairpersonLalu Prasad Yadav
FounderRashtriya Janata Dal
IdeologyBig tent
Social liberalism
Social democracy
Democratic socialism
Political positionCentre to centre-left
Seats in Lok Sabha40
Seats in Rajya Sabha
30 / 245
Present Members 244

Janata Parivar Alliance is an alliance in Indian politics to describe the various political parties that emerged from Janata Dal or others. The Janata Parivar includes, amongst others, Janata Dal (United) and Janata Dal (Secular).[1][2][3]

On 14 April 2015, the Janata Dal (United), Janata Dal (Secular), Rashtriya Janata Dal, the Indian National Lok Dal, Samajwadi Party, and Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) announced that they would merge into a new national Janata Parivar alliance in order to oppose the Bharatiya Janata Party.[4][5][6] The Janata Parivar formation took place ahead of the crucial 2015 Bihar Legislative Assembly election.

On 2 September 2015, the Samajwadi Party decided to contest the Bihar elections separately and broke from the alliance.[7] On 26 July 2017, the Janata Dal (United) broke from the Janata Parivar alliance and joined the National Democratic Alliance. The Loktantrik Janata Dal, Rashtriya Janata Dal, Rashtriya Lok Dal and Rashtriya Lok Samta Party are now a part of the United Progressive Alliance. Hindustan Awam Morcha was part of United Progressive Alliance until before 2020 Bihar Legislative Election and later joined National Democratic Alliance.

Fractions of Janata Dal[edit]

Party Abbreviation Foundation Party Supremo Founder(s) [D] Current No. of MPs in Lok Sabha (As at April 9, 2021) Current No. of MPs in Rajya Sabha (As at April 9, 2021) Base State Alliance
Biju Janata Dal BJD 1997 Naveen Patnaik Naveen Patnaik 12 9 Odisha Non
Hindustani Awam Morcha HAM 2015 Jitan Ram Manjhi Jitan Ram Manjhi 0 0 Bihar UPA
Indian National Lok Dal INDL 1996 Om Prakash Chautala Chaudhary Devi Lal 0 0 Haryana Non
Jan Adhikar Party Loktantrik JAP 2015 Pappu Yadav Pappu Yadav 0 0 Bihar Non
Janata Dal (Secular) JDS 1999 H. D. Deve Gowda H. D. Deve Gowda 1 1 Karnataka, Kerala UPA, LDF
Janata Dal (United) JDU 1999 Nitish Kumar Nitish Kumar 16 5 Bihar, Arunachal Pradesh NDA, NEDA
Jannayak Janta Party JJP 2018 Dushyant Chautala Ajay Singh Chautala, Dushyant Chautala 0 0 Haryana NDA
Lok Janshakti Party LJP 2000 Chirag Paswan Ram Vilas Paswan 6 1 Bihar, Manipur NDA, NEDA
Loktantrik Janata Dal LJD 2000 Sharad Yadav Sharad Yadav 0 1 Bihar, Manipur UPA
Pragatisheel Samajwadi Party (Lohiya) PSP(L) 2000 Shivpal Singh Yadav Shivpal Singh Yadav 0 0 Uttar Pradesh Non
Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD 1997 Lalu Prasad Yadav Lalu Prasad Yadav 0 6 Bihar, Jharkhand UPA
Rashtriya Lok Dal RLD 1998 Jayant Chaudhary Chaudhary Ajit Singh 0 0 Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan UPA
Rashtriya Lok Samta Party RLSP 2003 Upendra Kushwaha Upendra Kushwaha 0 0 Bihar UPA
Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) SJP(R) 1990 Shyamji Tripathi Chandra Shekhar 0 0 Delhi Non
Samajwadi Party SP 1992 Akhilesh Yadav Mulayam Singh Yadav 5 8 Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra Non
Samta Party SAP 1994 Brahmanand Mandal George Fernandes, Nitish Kumar 0 0 Delhi Non
Socialist Janata (Democratic) SJD 2010 M. P. Veerendra Kumar M. P. Veerendra Kumar 0 0 Kerala UPA
Socialist Janata Dal SJD 2014 V. V. Rajendran V. V. Rajendran 0 0 Kerala NDA

Merged parties[edit]


  1. "Janata Parivar's home base". Archived from the original on 9 July 2008. Retrieved 26 February 2008.
  2. "The Hindu : 'Janata Parivar' to pressure Govt. to end hostage crisis". hinduonnet.com. Archived from the original on 13 January 2005.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  3. "Sharad Yadav vows to unite Janata Parivar". The Hindu. 6 May 2006.[dead link]
  4. "'Janata Parivar' formalised, Mulayam Singh named chief of new party". Zee News. 15 April 2015.
  5. "6 Parties of Janata Parivar Announce Merger, Mulayam Singh Yadav to be Chief of New Party". NDTV.com.
  6. "Six parties unite to form Janata Parivar; Mulayam is the new party chief". Archived from the original on 15 April 2015.
  7. "SP quits Janata Parivar, to contest Bihar polls alone". The Tribune. 3 September 2015.

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