Peasants and Workers Party of India

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Peasants and Workers Party of India (PWP)
General SecretaryJayant Patil
Founded13 June 1948 (75 years ago) (1948-06-13)[1]
HeadquartersGovt. Kutir, Opp. Mantralaya, VV Road, Nariman Point, Mumbai (Maharashtra)
Youth wingPurogami Yuvak Sanghatna
Labour wingAll India Workers Trade Union
ECI StatusRegistered Party[2]
AllianceUnited Progressive Alliance(UPA)[3]
Seats in Maharashtra Legislative Assembly
1 / 288
Seats in Maharashtra Legislative Council
2 / 78

The Peasants and Workers Party of India is a Marxist political party in Maharashtra, India. The party was founded on 13.06.1948,[4] having its roots from the pre-Independence period and has around 1,00,000 members.[5] The influence of the party is largely limited to three districts. The party was founded in Maharashtra by Keshavrao Jedhe of Pune, Shankarrao More, Bhausaheb Raut of Mumbai, Nana Patil of Satara, Tulshidas Jadhav of Solapur, Dajiba Desai of Belgaum, Madhavrao Bagal of Kolhapur, P K Bhapkar and Datta Deshmukh of Ahmednagar, Vithalrao Hande and others.[6][7]

Member of legislative council of Maharashtra, Mr. Jayant Prabhakar Patil, is general secretary of the party. The party has 1 MLA and 2 MLCs. The party has a strong hold on Raigad District as well as party has Zilla Parishad members in 6 districts of Maharashtra, namely Raigad, Solapur, Nashik, Nagpur, Nanded and Parabhani.

The student organization of the party is called Purogami Yuvak Sanghatna.

The trade union of the party is called All India Workers Trade Union, All India Insurance Workers Union and its Trade Union Federation is Progressive Workers and Peasants of India. Comrade Janardan Singh is General Secretary of these trade unions and trade union federation. The party has played a very important role in Samyukta Maharashtra Movement under the leadership of Bhausaheb Raut, Uddhavrao Patil, Dajiba Desai. Most important meetings of this movement and coordination took place at the Mumbai -Koliwadi, Girgaum bungalow of Shri Bhausaheb Raut.

In the 2014 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election at age 88, Ganpatrao Deshmukh of the party won the Sangole constituency for record 11th time with 94,374 votes, defeating Shahajibapu Patil of Shiv Sena by 25,224 votes, while the NCP did not field a candidate against him.[8][9][10]

Prominent leaders[edit]

Trade Union Leader[edit]


  1. Bhole B.L., ’Bharatiya Shetakari Kamgar Paksha’ (Marathi) doctoral dissertation, Nagpur University, 1982, p.37.
  2. "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  3. "NCP, Congress to contest 2019 Lok Sabha polls with Peasants and Workers Party of India: Sharad Pawar". Hindustan Times. 24 December 2018. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  4. Bhole B.L., ’Bharatiya Shetakari Kamgar Paksha’ (Marathi) doctoral dissertation, Nagpur University, 1982, p.37.
  5. Busky, Donald F.. Communism in history and theory. Asia, Africa, and the Americas. Westport: Praeger, 2002. p. 61
  6. P. K. Ravindranath (1 February 1992). Sharad Pawar, the making of a modern Maratha. UBS Publishers' Distributors. p. 22. ISBN 978-81-85674-46-9. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
  7. Gautam Vohra (1992). The New Political Elite. Daya Publishing House. pp. 164–. ISBN 978-81-7035-109-2. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
  8. "Ganpatrao Deshmukh creates record". The Indian Express. 19 October 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
  9. "Ganpatrao Deshmukh: Longest-serving MLA in Maharashtra scores a record 11th win". The Economic Times. 19 October 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
  10. "Constituency". Archived from the original on 6 October 2015. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
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