1998 Indian general election

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1998 Indian general election

← 1996 16, 22 and 28 February 1998 1999 →

543 of the 545 seats in the Lok Sabha
272 seats needed for a majority
Turnout61.97% (Increase 4.03%)[1]
  First party Second party
  Atal Bihari Vajpayee 2002-06-12.jpg Sita Ram Kesari(cropped).jpg
Leader Atal Bihari Vajpayee Sitaram Kesri
Party BJP INC
Leader's seat Lucknow Bihar (Rajya Sabha)
Seats won 182 141
Seat change Increase 21 Increase 1
Popular vote 94,266,188 95,111,131
Percentage 25.59% 25.82%
Swing Increase 5.30pp Decrease 2.98pp

Wahlergebnisse Indien 1998.svg

Prime Minister before election

Inder Kumar Gujral
Janata Dal

Prime Minister after election

Atal Bihari Vajpayee
BJP

General elections were held in India on 16, 22 and 28 February 1998 to elect the members of the 12th Lok Sabha. The elections were held three years ahead of schedule after the government led by Inder Kumar Gujral collapsed when the Indian National Congress (INC) withdrew its support in November 1997.[2]

The result was another hung parliament, with no party or alliance able to muster a majority. However, Atal Bihari Vajpayee of the Bharatiya Janata Party was able to form a coalition government led by the National Democratic Alliance with the support of the Telugu Desam Party. He was sworn in as Prime Minister with support from 272 of 543 MPs. However, his government collapsed on 17 April 1999 when the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam withdrew their support.[3] This led to fresh elections in 1999.[4]

Results

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By state

State Party Acronym Alliance Seats
Andhra Pradesh Indian National Congress INC INC+ 22
Telugu Desam Party TDP NDA 12
Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 4
Others 4
Total 42
Assam Indian National Congress INC INC+ 10
Others 3
Total 13
Bihar Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 19
Samata Party NDA 10
Rashtriya Janata Dal 17
Indian National Congress INC INC+ 4
Others 4
Total 54
Gujarat Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 19
Indian National Congress INC INC+ 7
Total 26
Jammu and Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir National Conference JKNC 3
Bhartiya Janata Party BJP 2
Indian National Congress INC 1
Total 6
Karnataka Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 13
Indian National Congress INC INC+ 9
Others 6
Total 28
Madhya Pradesh Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 30
Indian National Congress INC INC+ 10
Total 40
Maharashtra Indian National Congress INC INC+ 31
Republican Party of India RPI INC+ 6
Shiv Sena SS NDA 6
Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 4
Total 48
Orissa Indian National Congress INC INC+ 4
Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 7
Biju Janata Dal BJD NDA 9
Others 1
Total 21
Rajasthan Indian National Congress INC INC+ 19
Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 5
Others 1
Total 25
Tamil Nadu All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK NDA 18
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK 5
Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 3
Tamil Manila Congress 3
Others 10
Total 39
Uttar Pradesh Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 58
Samajwadi Party SP 19
Bahujan Samaj Party BSP 4
Others
Total 85
West Bengal Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPM LF 24
Trinamool Congress TMC 7
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP LF 4
Communist party of India CPI LF 3
All India Forward Block AIFB 2
Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 1
Others 1
Total 42

See also

References

  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 July 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. "Government Falls, Indian Premier Quits; Coalition Splits Amid Gandhi Assassination Debate - The Washington Post - HighBeam Research". 3 November 2012. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  3. "BJP's one-vote defeat in 1999 was narrowest in history". The Times of India. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  4. "The 1999 No-Trust Motion That Former PM Vajpayee Lost by One Vote". The Quint. 20 July 2018. Retrieved 22 March 2019.

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