Rashtriya Lok Dal

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Rashtriya Lok Dal
ChairpersonJayant Chaudhary[1]
FounderAjit Singh
Founded1996; 28 years ago (1996)
Split fromJanata Dal
Preceded byLok Dal
Headquarters406, VP House, Rafi Marg, New Delhi, 110001
Jats Representation
ECI StatusState Party
AllianceNDA(1999-2003,2009-2011),UPA (2011-2014), MGB(2018-2019), SP+(2003-2007,2019-Present)
Seats in Lok Sabha
0 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
0 / 245
Seats in Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly
1 / 403
Seats in Rajasthan Legislative Assembly
1 / 200
Election symbol
Indian Election Symbol Hand Pump.png

Rashtriya Lok Dal (abbreviated as RLD) (translation: National People's Party) is a political party in India founded by Chaudhary Ajit Singh. He was carrying on the political legacy of his father and former Prime Minister of India, Chaudhary Charan Singh and the original Lok Dal.[2] Chaudhary Ajit Singh was infected with Covid-19 and died during treatment at Medanta Hospital, Gurgaon.[3]

Electoral history[edit]

The party has one MLA in Rajasthan Legislative Assembly Dr. Subhash Garg, who is also serving as MoS (I/C) in the Ashok Gehlot led-govt. RLD is considered influential in the western region of Uttar Pradesh.[4]

In 2002, party had two cabinet ministers in chief minister Mayawati's cabinet.[5] From 2003 to 2007, the party had six ministers in the Uttar Pradesh government.[citation needed] The party's official electoral symbol is a hand pump.[6]

In 2004 Lok Sabha elections, RLD contested in alliance with the Samajwadi Party. RLD contested only in the western part of Uttar Pradesh, where they won three seats.[7]

In 2009 Lok Sabha elections, RLD contested on seven seats on western Uttar Pradesh, in an alliance with the Bhartiya Janta Party, and won five seats.[4]

On 12 December 2011, RLD joined the United Progressive Alliance led by Indian National Congress. The party contested on eight constituencies in Uttar Pradesh in 2014 Indian general election as per an arrangement with UPA[8] but lost on all of them. Party chief Ajit Singh who was six term holder from Baghpat seat, lost to BJP candidate Satya Pal Singh. His son Jayant Chaudhary, the incumbent MP from Mathura, lost to BJP candidate Hema Malini too.[4][9]

In January 2015 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council elections, RLD supported Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) candidates.[10][11][12]

In 2017 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly election, it could win only one seat. Later, its lone MLA is expelled from the party.

In 2018 Rajasthan Legislative Assembly election the RLD won one seat from Bharatpur Legislative Assembly Constituency. The Party candidate Dr. Subhash Garg won by beating BJP candidate by a margin of over 15500 votes.

In 2019, RLD joined the Grand Alliance made by BSP and SP in Uttar Pradesh for the General Elections 2019. As per the seat-sharing arrangement, RLD got 3 seats viz. Baghpat, Mathura and Muzaffarnagar but lost all of these. Sanjeev Balyan defeated Ajit Singh from Muzaffarnagar constituency and Satyapal Singh defeated Jayant Choudhary from Baghpat constituency while actress Hema Malini defeated Kunwar Singh from Mathura constituency.

Lok Sabha Elections[edit]

Term Indian
General Election
% of
12th Lok Sabha 1998 8 0
13th Lok Sabha 1999 7 2
14th Lok Sabha 2004 10 3
15th Lok Sabha 2009 7 5
16th Lok Sabha 2014 8 0
17th Lok Sabha 2019 3 0

Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections[edit]

Assembly Election
% of
13th Legislative assembly 1996 38 8
14th Legislative assembly 2002 38 14
15th Legislative assembly 2007 254 10
16th Legislative assembly 2012 46 9
17th Legislative assembly 2017 171 1

MLAs (Vidhan Sabha)[edit]

MLAs in Rajasthan Legislative Assembly:

List of Central Ministers[edit]

No. Name Term of office Portfolio Prime Minister
1 Chaudhary Ajit Singh 18 December 2011 26 May 2014 Minister of Civil Aviation Manmohan Singh
22 July 2001 24 May 2003 Minister of Agriculture Atal Bihari Vajpayee

See also[edit]


  1. "Jayant Chaudhary appointed new RLD president". The Economic Times.
  2. BKKP, RLD merge with Lok Dal
  3. "रालोद के अध्यक्ष चौधरी अजित सिंह का कोरोना से निधन, मेदांता अस्पताल में थे भर्ती". Zee News Hindi (in हिन्दी). 6 May 2021. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Seth, Maulshree (28 May 2014). "Post rout, RLD mulls solo fight in Assembly bypolls". Lucknow: The Indian Express. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  5. "Besides the Chief Minister, Ms. Mayawati, Rashtriya Lok Dal, the largest partner of the BJP during the last elections, had two Ministers — both of Cabinet rank". The Hindu. 4 May 2002.[dead link]
  6. Political Parties and Election Symbols
  7. RLD leaders upset over poll pact
  8. "Cong to leave 8 seats for RLD, 3 for Mahan Dal in western UP". Indian Express. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
  9. Shah, Pankaj (16 May 2014). "Election Results 2014: Ajit Singh's RLD bites the dust in UP". The Times of India. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  10. "RLD springs a surprise: Dumps ally Congress to support BSP".
  11. "Miffed with Cong, RLD to back BSP in MLC polls".
  12. "Unlikely allies in Council polls: RLD, BSP".

External links[edit]

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