543 seats in the Lok Sabha
272 seats needed for a majority
Seats by constituency. As this is a FPTP election, seat totals are not determined proportional to each party's total vote share, but instead by the plurality in each constituency.
The tenure of Lok Sabha is scheduled to end on 16 May 2024.  The previous general elections were held in April–May 2019. After the election, National Democratic Alliance, led by Bharatiya Janata Party, formed the union government, with Narendra Modi continuing as Prime Minister.
All 543 elected MPs are elected from single-member constituencies using first-past-the-post voting. The 104th amendment to the constitution abolished the two seats that were reserved for the Anglo-Indian community.
Eligible voters must be Indian citizens, 18 years or older, an ordinary resident of the polling area of the constituency and registered to vote (name included in the electoral rolls), possess a valid voter identification card issued by the Election Commission of India or equivalent. Some people convicted of electoral or other offenses are barred from voting.
Article 83 of the Constitution of India requires elections to the Lok Sabha be held once every five years.
Parties and alliances
Most of the contesting parties are small with regional appeal. There are 6 national parties — Bharatiya Janata Party, Indian National Congress, Communist Party of India (Marxist), Bahujan Samaj Party, National People's Party and Aam Aadmi Party. Among these parties, BJP and INC are main contenders for the election.
National Democratic Alliance
Indian National Developmental Inclusive Alliance
Bahujan Samaj Party leader Mayawati announced that her party will contest the election on its own strength in most states and ally with other non-BJP, non-Congress parties in Punjab and Haryana.
|Bahujan Samaj Party||Mayawati||National Party|
|Shiromani Akali Dal||Sukhbir Singh Badal||Punjab|
Unallied regional parties
- On 11 May 2023, Biju Janata Dal leader and Chief Minister of Odisha Naveen Patnaik said that his party will go solo for the Lok Sabha polls.
- Former Prime Minister and Janata Dal (Secular) president H.D. Deve Gowda on 25th July 2023 stated that the JDS would go alone in the 2024 general elctions.
Bharatiya Janata Party
Charting out the BJP’s strategy for the upcoming polls, PM Modi in his speech to party workers said they should reach out to every section of society, including the marginalised and minority communities, “without electoral considerations”.
Indian National Congress
Communist Party of India (Marxist)
- Andhra Pradesh : On 14 April 2023, CPI(M) along with CPI started a campaign named Pracha Bheri against the Central government's policies.
- Bihar : The CPI(M) Bihar state committee organised a state-wide campaign at Gandhi Maidan in Patna as part of nationwide campaign during 14 September to 22 September 2022 against the incumbent central government. CPIM took part in an “oust-Modi campaign” starting from Purnia on 25 February 2023 as a part of Mahagathbandhan in Bihar.
- Kerala : The Kerala unit of CPI(M) started 21 day-long campaign from 1 January 2023. On 13 January 2023, CPIM Kerala unit announced state-wide march led by Polit Bureau member and state secretary M. V. Govindan against the central government. The Kerala CPIM has also announced a series of agitations against the NDA government at the centre starting from 20 January 2023. CPIM has planned to launch a state-wide campaign in March to highlight the centre's neglect of Kerala and its trespasses on federalism and secularism. On 20 February 2023, Pinarayi Vijayan inaugurated statewide Janakeeya Prathirodha Jatha (People's Resistance Yatra) led by M. V. Govindan to expose the attacks on federalism and threats posed by the RSS-backed BJP government to the constitutional values of the nation. The rally, that covered 140 constituencies, concluded with a public meeting on 18 March 2023 in Thiruvananthapuram which was inaugurated by Sitaram Yechury. The LDF government in Kerala will celebrate its second year of administration by launching a Lok Sabha election campaign across the state. People's rally will be organised in all constituencies from 25 April to 20 May 2023.
- Telangana : CPI(M) Telangana State committee will organise state-wide march named Jana Chaitanya Yatra starting from 17 March 2023 in order to protest against the pro-corporate and anti-people policies of the BJP led union government. CPI(M) General Secretary Sitaram Yechury at Warangal, Polit Bureau member B.V. Raghavulu at Adilabad and another Polit Bureau member A. Vijayaraghavan at Nizamabad flagged off the rallies.
- 2024 elections in India
- Next Indian general election in Punjab
- Next Indian general election in Uttar Pradesh
- Next Indian general election in Maharashtra
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