Expressways of India

From Bharatpedia, an open encyclopedia


The Purvanchal Expressway The longest expressway in India.
Delhi–Meerut Expressway, India's widest expressway at 14-lanes
Delhi–Noida Direct (DND Flyway), India's first 8-lane wide expressway
Mumbai–Pune Expressway, India's first 6-lane wide expressway.

Expressways are the highest class of roads in India. As of January 2022, India has a total length of 2,074.5 km (1,289.0 mi) of expressways. These are controlled-access highways where entrance and exits are controlled by the use of ramps that are incorporated into the design of the expressway, whereas National highways are at-grade roads. Some roads are not access-controlled expressway, but are still officially called expressways, such as the Biju Expressway, Ranchi Hazaribagh Expressway and Raipur–Bilaspur Expressway. Currently, the longest expressway in India is the Purvanchal Expressway at 340.8 km (211.8 mi) and the widest expressway is the Delhi–Meerut Expressway at 14 lanes.

Greenfield Expressways in India are designed as 12-lane wide Expressways with the initial construction of 8-lanes. Land for 4-lane future expansion is reserved in the centre of the expressways. Greenfield Expressways are designed to avoid inhabited areas and go through new alignments to bring development to new areas and to reduce land acquisition costs and construction timelines. The Delhi-Mumbai Expressway is an example of a new 12-lane approach with initial 8-lane construction.

The majority of the investment required for constructing expressways comes from the central government. Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra are the only states which are investing in building expressways through dedicated expressway corporations.[1]

The National Expressways Authority of India (NEAI) operating under the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways will be in-charge of the construction and maintenance of expressways.[2] The National Highways Development Project by the government of India aims to expand the country's current expressway network and plans to add an additional 18,637 km of greenfield expressways by 2022 apart from existing national highways.[3]

Bharatmala, a centrally-sponsored and funded road and highways project of the Government of India[4] with a target of constructing 83,677 km[5] of new highways over the next five years, was started in 2018.[6] Phase I of the Bharatmala project involves the construction of 34,800 km of highways (including the remaining projects under NHDP) at an estimated cost of 5.35 lakh crore by 2021–22.[7]

Characteristics[edit]

As of November 2021, 18 expressways with a combined length of 2,158.5 km (1,341.2 mi) are operational in India. In 2017, the country had only 200 km of expressways. All the expressways are 6 or more lane wide controlled-access highways, where entrance and exit are controlled by the use of slip roads. India has one of the lowest densities of expressways in the world.[8]

Expressways By State[edit]

List of operational expressways by state, as of January 2022:

States Length (km/mi) Number of Expressways
Uttar Pradesh 1,016 km (631 mi) 7
Haryana 211.1 km (131.2 mi) 5
Telangana 169.6 km (105.4 mi) 2
Maharashtra 94.5 km (58.7 mi) 1
Gujarat 93.1 km (57.8 mi) 1
Rajasthan 90 km (56 mi) 1
Tamil Nadu 32 km (20 mi) 1
Delhi 26.6 km (16.5 mi) 4
Jharkhand 25.4 km (15.8 mi) 1
Bihar 20.5 km (12.7 mi) 1
West Bengal 16 km (9.9 mi) 1
Chhattisgarh 16 km (9.9 mi) 1
Total 2,095 km (1,302 mi) 21

National Expressway[edit]

As of April 2021, eight expressways have been declared as National Expressway (NE) by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.

  operational   under construction   planned

Designation Expressway Length (km) Date declared as NE Date completed
NE 1 Ahmedabad–Vadodara Expressway 93 13 Mar 1986[9] 16 August 2004[10]
NE 2 Eastern Peripheral Expressway (KGP) 135 30 Mar 2006[11] 27 May 2018[12]
NE 3 Delhi–Meerut Expressway 96 18 Jun 2020[13] 1 April 2021[14]
NE 4 VadodaraMumbai section of Delhi–Mumbai Expressway 380 10 Jan 2020[15] March 2023
NE 5 DelhiNakodarGurdaspur section of Delhi–Amritsar–Katra Expressway 398 25 Jun 2020[16] October 2023
NE 5A NakodarAmritsar section of Delhi–Amritsar–Katra Expressway 99 17 Sep 2020[17] October 2023
NE 6 Lucknow–Kanpur Expressway 62 15 Dec 2020[18] October 2023
NE 7 Bangalore–Chennai Expressway 258 01 Jan 2021[19] March 2023
Total 1,533

Operational expressways[edit]

Only operational length and year of final completion is shown. Total length listed in this table is 2,158.5 km (1,341.2 mi). Note: AC = Access-Controlled Expressway.

Name States Length (km/mi) Lanes Year of Completion Remarks
Purvanchal Expressway (AC)[20] Uttar Pradesh 340.8 km
211.8 mi
6 November 2021 The longest Expressway in India.
Agra–Lucknow Expressway (AC)[21] Uttar Pradesh 302.2 km
187.8 mi
6 February 2017 The 2nd longest expressway in India.[22]
Yamuna Expressway (AC)[23][24] Uttar Pradesh 165.5 km
102.8 mi
6 August 2012
Outer Ring Road, Hyderabad (AC)[25] Telangana 158 km
98.2 mi
8 April 2018
Western Peripheral Expressway (AC) Haryana 135.6 km
84.3 mi
6 November 2018
Eastern Peripheral Expressway (AC) Uttar Pradesh, Haryana 135 km
83.9 mi
6 May 2018 NE2
Delhi–Meerut Expressway (AC)[26] Delhi, Uttar Pradesh 96 km
59.7 mi
6-14 April 2021 NE3, India's widest expressway at 14-lanes.[27]
Mumbai–Pune Expressway (AC)[28] Maharashtra 94.5 km
58.7 mi
6 April 2002 India's first 6-lane wide expressway.
Ahmedabad–Vadodara Expressway (AC)[29] Gujarat 93.1 km
57.8 mi
4 August 2004 NE1
Jaipur–Kishangarh Expressway (AC)[30] Rajasthan 90 km
55.9 mi
6 April 2005 Forms a segment of the NH-8.
Chennai Bypass (AC)[31] Tamil Nadu 32 km
19.9 mi
4-6 2010
Delhi–Gurgaon Expressway (AC)[32] Delhi, Haryana 27.7 km
17.2 mi
6-8 January 2008 Part of the Golden Quadrilateral.
Noida–Greater Noida Expressway (AC)[33] Uttar Pradesh 24.5 km
15.2 mi
6 2002
Outer Ring Road, Ranchi (AC) Jharkhand 25.4 km
15.8 mi
6 February 2019 First expressway of Jharkhand.
Loknayak Ganga Path Phase I (AC) Bihar 20.5 km
12.7 mi
4 June 2022 First expressway of Bihar.[34]
Belghoria Expressway (AC) West Bengal 16 km
9.9 mi
4 2008 Part of AH1.
Raipur–Naya Raipur Expressway (AC) Chhattisgarh 12 km
7.5 mi
4 2019 First expressway of Chhattisgarh.
P.V. Narasimha Rao Expressway (AC)[35][36] Telangana 11.6 km
7.2 mi
4 October 2009
Panipat Elevated Expressway(AC)[37] Haryana 10 km
6.2 mi
6 January 2008
Delhi–Noida Direct Flyway (DND) (AC)[38] Delhi, Uttar Pradesh 9.2 km
5.7 mi
8 January 2001 India's first 8-lane wide expressway.
Delhi–Faridabad Skyway (AC)[39][40] Delhi, Haryana 4.4 km
2.7 mi
6 November 2010 Part of NH44.
Total 2,095 km (1,302 mi)

Expressways under-construction[edit]

* Ready to inaugurate

Total length listed in this table is 10,647.524 km (6,616.065 mi).

Name States Length (km/mi) Expected Date of Completion
Ahmedabad–Dholera Expressway Gujarat 110 km (68 mi) 2023 March
Airoli–Katai Naka Freeway Maharashtra 12.3 km (7.6 mi) 2023 March
Amritsar–Jamnagar Expressway[41] Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat 1,257 km (781.1 mi) 2023 March
Amritsar Ring Road[42] Punjab 98 km (60.9 mi) 2022
Bangalore–Chennai Expressway[43] Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu 258 km (160.3 mi) 2024 March
Bangalore–Mysore Infrastructure Corridor[44] Karnataka 111 km (69.0 mi) 2022 August
Bundelkhand Expressway[45] Uttar Pradesh 296 km (183.9 mi) 2022 June
Chennai Port–Maduravoyal Expressway[46] Tamil Nadu 19 km (11.8 mi) 2023
Coastal Road (Mumbai) Maharashtra 29.2 km (18.1 mi) 2022 June
DND–KMP Expressway Delhi, Haryana 59 km (37 mi) 2023
Delhi–Amritsar–Katra Expressway[47] Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir 687 km (427 mi) 2023 December
Delhi–Mumbai Expressway[48] Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra 1,350 km (840 mi) 2023 March
Dwarka Expressway Delhi, Haryana 27.6 km (17.1 mi) 2022 August
Faridabad–Noida–Ghaziabad Expressway Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh 56 km (35 mi) 2023
Ganga Expressway(Meerut–Prayagraj) Uttar Pradesh 594 km (369.1 mi) 2024
Trans–Haryana Expressway (Ambala–Narnaul) Haryana 227 km (141.1 mi) 2022 March/April
Gorakhpur Link Expressway[49] Uttar Pradesh 91.35 km (56.8 mi) 2022 March
Lucknow–Kanpur Expressway* Uttar Pradesh 66 km (41 mi) 2023 October
Lucknow Outer Ring Road Uttar Pradesh 108 km (67 mi) 2022 June
Loknayak Ganga Path Phase II Bihar 18 km (11 mi) 2024 December
Ludhiana Elevated corridor Punjab 13 km (8.1 mi) 2024 March
Mumbai Trans Harbour Link Maharashtra 21.8 km (13.5 mi) 2022 June
Mumbai–Nagpur Expressway[50] Maharashtra 701 km (435.6 mi) 2022 May
Pathankot-Ajmer Expressway Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan 600 km (370 mi) 2023 March
Peripheral Ring Road Karnataka 65.5 km (40.7 mi) 2024 August
Raipur–Visakhapatnam Expressway Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh 465 km (288.9 mi) 2024 March
Sohna Elevated Corridor[51] Haryana 21.65 km (13.5 mi) 2022
Varanasi Ring Road[52][53] Uttar Pradesh 63 km (39 mi) 2022
Wazirabad–Mayur Vihar Elevated Expressway Delhi NCR 18 km (11 mi) ?
Coimbatore Avinashi Road Elevated Expressway Tamil Nadu

10.1 km (6.3 mi)

2024
Delhi–Saharanpur–Dehradun Expressway Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Uttrakhand 210 km (130 mi) 2024
Total 10,857.524 km (6,746.553 mi)

Proposed expressways[edit]

Name States Length (km/mi)
Amaravati–Anantapur Expressway[54] Andhra Pradesh 371.03 km (230.5 mi)
Aurangabad-Darbhanga Expressway[55] Bihar 271 km (168.4 mi)
Ballia Link Expressway[56] Uttar Pradesh 30 km (19 mi)
Buxar - Bhagalpur Expressway[57] Bihar 308 km (191.4 mi)
Chambal Expressway[58] Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh 404 km (251 mi)
Chennai Elevated Expressways[59] Tamil Nadu 10 km (6.2 mi)
Chennai Surat Expressway[44] Gujarat, Maharashtra, Telangana, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu 1,461 km (907.8 mi)
Ganga Expressway Phase-2[60][61][62][63] Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand 424 km (263.5 mi)
GMADA Expressway Chandigarh, Haryana, Punjab 284 km (176 mi)
Gorakhpur - Siliguri Expressway[57] Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal 607 km (377.2 mi)
Hyderabad–Indore Expressway[64] Madhya Pradesh , Maharashtra , Telangana 713 km (443 mi)
Hyderabad–Raipur Expressway[65] Chhattisgarh , Telangana 330 km (210 mi)
Hyderabad–Visakhapatnam Expressway[64] Telangana , Andhra Pradesh 225 km (140 mi)
Indore–Kota Expressway[64] Rajasthan , Madhya Pradesh 136 km (85 mi)
Jalna-Nanded Expressway[64] Maharashtra 179 km (111 mi)
Kadapa Feeder Expressway[66] Andhra Pradesh 104.05 km (64.7 mi)
Konkan Greenfield Expressway Maharashtra 500 km (310 mi)
Kurnool Feeder Expressway[66] Andhra Pradesh 123.7 km (76.9 mi)
Nagpur-Gondia-Gadchiroli Expressway[67] Maharashtra 225 km (140 mi)
Nagpur–Hyderabad–Bengaluru Expressway[68] Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra pradesh, Karnataka 1,100 km (680 mi)
Nagpur–Vijayawada Expressway[65] Maharashtra , Telangana , Andhra Pradesh 457 km (284 mi)
Prayagraj Link Expressway[69] Uttar Pradesh 193 km (120 mi)
Pune-Aurangabad Expressway[70] Maharashtra 225 km (140 mi)
Narmada Expressway[71] Madhya Pradesh 1,300 km (810 mi)
ORR Chennai, Phase II[72] Tamil Nadu 33.1 km (20.6 mi)
Outer Ring Road, Amaravati[73] Andhra Pradesh 220 km (136.7 mi)
Outer Ring Road, Patna Bihar 140 km (87 mi)
Durg–Raipur–Arang Expressway Chhattisgarh 92 km (57 mi)
Raxaul-Haldia Expressway[74] Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal 650 km (400 mi)
Thiruvananthapuram Outer Ring Road[75] Kerala 80 km (50 mi)
Varanasi Link Expressway[76][77] Uttar Pradesh 13 km (8.1 mi)
Total 10,617.88 km (6597.94 mi)

Proposed expressways under Bharatmala[edit]

8-lane greenfield expressways under Bharatmala[78][79][80]
Name States Length (km/mi)
Chennai–Salem Expressway Tamil Nadu 277 km (172 mi)
Chennai–Trichy Expressway Tamil Nadu 310 km (190 mi)
Delhi–Hisar Expressway Haryana 170 km (110 mi)
Durg-Raipur-Arang Expressway Chhattisgarh 92 km (57 mi)
Gurugram–Faridabad Expressway Haryana 135 km (84 mi)
Indore-Mumbai Expressway Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra 515 km (320 mi)
Kharagpur–Kolkata Expressway West Bengal 120 km (75 mi)
Kharagpur–Siliguri Expressway West Bengal 516 km (321 mi)
Mangaluru–Chitradurga Expressway Karnataka 196 km (122 mi)
Pathankot–Ajmer Expressway[81] Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab 600 km (370 mi)
Pune-Bengaluru Expressway[82] Karnataka, Maharashtra 745 km (463 mi)
Salem–Chengapalli Expressway Tamil Nadu 103 km (64 mi)
Varanasi–Ranchi–Kolkata Expressway Uttar Pradesh, Bihar,Jharkhand, West Bengal 650 km (400 mi)
Total 4,429 km (2,752 mi)

See also[edit]

Similar rail development
Similar roads development
Similar ports and river transport development
Similar air transport development
Highways in India
General

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

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