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Clockwise from top left: Godavari Ghat, Pandavleni Caves, Kalaram Temple, Nashik city skyline, Nashik grapes, Sula Vineyards
Wine Capital of India,Grapes City
|Coordinates: 20°00′N 73°47′E / 20.00°N 73.78°ECoordinates: 20°00′N 73°47′E / 20.00°N 73.78°E|
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Body||Nashik Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Satish Kulkarni|
|• Guardian Minister||Chhagan Bhujbal|
|• Municipal Commissioner||Kailash Jadhav|
|• Commissioner of Police||Deepak Pandey|
|• Total||267 km2 (103 sq mi)|
|Elevation||584 m (1,916 ft)|
|• Density||5,900/km2 (15,000/sq mi)|
|• Rank||India : 29th|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||MH-15 (Nashik City), MH-41(Malegaon), MH-51 (Nashik Rural)|
|Nominal GDP (Nashik District)||INR 1,40,024 crores (2019-20)|
|Sex ratio||931 ♀ / 1000 ♂|
|HDI||0.746 (Very High)|
Nashik (/ˈnʌʃɪk/, Marathi: [naːʃik] , also called as Nasik Template:Pronunciation) is an ancient city and the largest city in the northern region of the Indian state of Maharashtra. Situated on the banks of river Godavari, Nashik is the fourth largest city in Maharashtra, after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. Nashik is well known for being one of the Hindu pilgrimage sites of the Kumbh Mela, which is held every 12 years. Nashik is located about 190 km north of state capital Mumbai. The city is called the "Wine Capital of India" as more than half of India's vineyards and wineries are located here. Around 90% of all wine produced in India comes from the Nashik Valley.
Nashik is one of the fastest-growing cities in India. It has been a major industrial center in automobile hub. The city houses companies like Atlas Copco, Robert Bosch GmbH, CEAT Limited, Crompton Greaves, Graphite India, ThyssenKrupp, Epcos, Everest Industries, Gabriel India, GlaxoSmithKline, Hindustan Coca-Cola, Hindustan Unilever Limited, Jindal Polyster, Jyoti Structures, Kirlosker Oil Engines, KSB Pumps, Larsen & Toubro, Mahindra and Mahindra, Mahindra Sona, United Spirits Limited, Perfect Circle Industries, Mahindra Ugine Steel, Samsonite, Shalimar Paints, Siemens, VIP Industries, Indian Oil Corporation, XLO India Limited and Jindal Saw etc.
Etymology[edit | edit source]
As per Ramayana, Nashik is the location on the banks of Godavari river where Laxman, by the wish of Lord Rama, cut the nose of demoness Shurpanakha and thus this city was named as "Nashik".
History[edit | edit source]
Geography[edit | edit source]
Nashik lies in the northern part of Maharashtra state at 584 m (1,916 ft) from the mean sea level which gives it ideal temperature variation, particularly in winters.
The river Godavari originates from the Brahmagiri Mountain, Trimbakeshwar about 24 km (15 mi) from Nashik and flows through the old residential settlement, now in the central part of the city. Due to high pollution created by factories in proximity of the city the river was dying at an alarming rate. It has since been successfully cleaned.
Nashik lies on the western edge of the Deccan Plateau which is an ancient volcanic formation.
Trimbakeshwar is about 30 km (19 mi) from the city, it is where from river Godavari originates. The land area of the city is about 259.13 km2 (100.05 sq mi).
Climate[edit | edit source]
The city's tropical location and high altitude combine to give it a relatively mild version of a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh). Temperatures rise slightly in October, but this is followed by the cool season from November to February. The cool season sees warm temperatures of around 28 °C or 82.4 °F during the day, but cool nights, with lows averaging 10 °C or 50 °F, and extremely dry air.
|Climate data for Nashik (Ozar Airport) 1981–2010, extremes 1965–2006|
|Record high °C (°F)||35.5
|Average high °C (°F)||29.3
|Average low °C (°F)||10.4
|Record low °C (°F)||0.4
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||2.4
|Average rainy days||0.2||0.0||0.1||0.7||1.4||6.7||12.0||10.4||8.3||3.6||1.1||0.3||44.8|
|Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST)||30||23||17||19||30||58||76||80||73||49||39||35||44|
|Source: India Meteorological Department|
Governance and politics[edit | edit source]
Civic administration[edit | edit source]
Nashik city is governed by the Nashik Municipal Corporation. Nashik is a district headquarters located on the banks of Godavari and is 185 km (115 mi) away from Mumbai. The city has developed on both the banks of Godavari which divides the city into almost equal halves.
The Municipal Commissioner of Nashik is Kailas Jadhav.
The ward committee consists of councillors representing the electoral wards within the territorial area of the ward committee. There are 6 ward committee's namely Nashik (E), Nashik (W), Nashik Road, Panchavati, CIDCO and Satpur. The main function of the committees is to approve the cost of works for the wards, incorporate the expenses in the budget etc.
Civic services[edit | edit source]
The Nashik Municipal Corporation (NMC) is planning to start major civic projects in 2020. Projects like the creation of more smart roads, setting up of 800 CCTVs, installation of LED streetlights, Goda beautification project, construction of two major water treatment projects (WTPs), upgradation of STPs, making smart parking operational, etc. would be given priority by the municipal corporation.
Solid waste management[edit | edit source]
In the Nashik Municipal Corporation area about 225 MT of solid waste is generated per day. Unlike other Indian cities, this garbage is collected by vehicles titled 'Ghantagadi' (meaning the vehicle with a bell): a system which has resulted in smaller versions of the ghantagadi ply in the congested old city areas. A plant has been set by the Nashik Municipal Corporation near Pandav Leni (Pandavleni Caves) to process the garbage and convert into compost.
Digital services[edit | edit source]
The NMC provides an online website for various civic services like birth certificate registration, medical services, taxes, development services, etc.
Demographics[edit | edit source]
Nashik is the fourth largest city in Maharashtra in terms of population after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. According to the Census of India, 2011, Nashik had a population of 1,486,053. Males constitute 782,517 of the population and females 703,536. Metropolitan Nashik population was 1,561,809 in which 821,921 were males and 739,888 were females. Nashik city had an average literacy rate of 89.85%: male literacy was 93.40%, and female literacy was 85.92%.
The sex ratio is 894 per 1,000 males for Nashik city. Child sex ratio is 865 girls per 1,000 boys. In Nashik, 11.42% of the population is under 6 years of age. In census year 2001 the Nashik Urban Agglomeration had a population of 1,152,326. Thus it was the fourth largest urban area of Maharashtra State after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. The projected population of Nashik urban agglomeration (which includes abutting urban areas like Deolali) as on 11 November 2012 is 1,562,769.
Art and culture[edit | edit source]
In February 2016, The Statue of Ahimsa, a 108 ft idol of first Jain tirthankara Rishabhdev carved in monolithic stone was consecrated at Mangi Tungi. It is recorded in the Guinness Book of World Records as the tallest Jain idol in the world.
Trirashmi Caves[edit | edit source]
The Trirashmi (Pandavleni) Caves, or Nashik Caves, are a group of 24 caves carved between the 1st century BCE and the 2nd century CE, representing the Hinayana Buddhist caves.
Dams[edit | edit source]
- Gangapur Dam is on the river Godavari near Gangawadi village and it is earthen dam, Nashik.
- Chankapur dam which is on the Girna river is one of the big dams built by the British in the 19th century. It is 3 km from the village Abhona in Kalwan tehsil and 60 km from Nashik.
- Kashypi Dam is on the Kashypi river near Rajapur, Nashik.
- Girna Dam is an earthfill type of dam on river Girna near Nandgaon, Nashik District.
- Darna Dam is a gravity dam on Darna river near Igatpuri, Nashik district.
Kumbh Mela[edit | edit source]
The Kumbh Mela is celebrated every six years at Haridwar and Allahabad and Maha Kumbh takes place every twelve years at four places in Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain, and Nashik. According to the Puranas, it is believed that Kumbh derives its name from an immortal pot of nectar, which the devatas (Gods) and demons fought over. The four places where the nectar fell are at the banks of river Godavari in Nashik, river Kshipra in Ujjain, river Ganges in Haridwar and at Triveni Sangam of Ganga, Yamuna and invisible Saraswati River in Allahabad.
Economy[edit | edit source]
Agriculture[edit | edit source]
In early 1925, the table grape revolution was started in Ojhar, a small town near Nashik, by Raosaheb Jairam Krishna Gaikwad. Today, table grapes are exported to Europe, the Middle East, and Asia.
The average Kharip crop area is 663,200 hectares while the average Rabbi crop area is 136,500 hectares. The sown area is 658,763 hectares (99%) and the forest land is 340,000 hectares (21.75%). The uncultivable area is 23,000 hectares (1.48%).
Industry[edit | edit source]
The Igatpuri-Nashik-Sinnar investment region is an important node in the US$90 billion Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project.
Nashik is a defense and aerospace manufacturing hub with Hindustan Aeronautics Limited aircraft manufacturing plant located at Ozar. The Currency Note Press and India Security Press are on Nashik Road, where Indian currency and government stamp papers are printed respectively.
Existing industrial areas in Nashik district are Satpur, Ambad, Sinnar, Igatpuri, Dindori and Vinchur. The proposed additional areas are Sinnar, Malegaon and Rajur Bahula.
Large-scale industries present in Nashik district are Atlas Copco, Robert Bosch GmbH, CEAT Limited, Crompton Greaves, Graphite India, ThyssenKrupp, Epcos, Everest Industries, Gabriel India, GlaxoSmithKline, Hindustan Coca-Cola, Hindustan Unilever Limited, Jindal Polyster, Jyoti Structures, Kirlosker Oil Engines, KSB Pumps, Larsen & Toubro, Mahindra and Mahindra, Mahindra Sona, United Spirits Limited, Perfect Circle Industries, Mahindra Ugine Steel, Samsonite, Shalimar Paints, Siemens, VIP Industries, Indian Oil Corporation, XLO India Limited and Jindal Saw.
Apart from manufacturing, Nashik is an emerging investment destination for Information Technology companies. Tata Consultancy Services has invested in Nashik under the government of India BPO promotion scheme (IBPS). Also WNS, Accenture, TCS has set up Digital Impact Square, or DISQ, which is a social innovation center.
Nashik has a textile industry. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development has selected Yeola Block for development of Paithani Cluster. To facilitate exports, a container freight station was started at MIDC Ambad by the Central Government.
Wine industry[edit | edit source]
Nashik has been described as "The Wine Capital of India" the Nashik region reportedly produced 10,000 tonnes of grapes per year.
In 2013, there were 22 wineries in Nashik, out of 46 wineries throughout India. The largest vineyard in Nashik is the Sula Vineyards.
In the harvest season, Nashik is home to several wine festivals, such as the India Grape Harvest and SulaFest.
Transport[edit | edit source]
- Roadways – Nashik is connected to others cities in India by road.
- Railways -- Nasik Road railway station is city railway station along with Deolali which lies within the city boundary.
- AirwaysAirways – Nashik has its airport located at Ozar and an old airport at Gandhinagar which connected Nashik to Mumbai. The Gandhinagar Airport is now reserved for the military. Nashik Airport is domestic airport and it is connected to Ahmedabad, Pune, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Belgaum and Delhi under the UDAN scheme. SpiceJet, Trujet, Star Air and AirIndia provide services from Nashik Airport.
- Public Transport – In city people often mostly prefer auto rickshaw to travel. Citilinc-Nashik City Bus Service is operated by Nashik Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited(NMPML).
- Metro – Greater Nashik Metro is proposed by Maharashtra Metro Rail Corporation Limited. It will be operational in 2024.
Public transport[edit | edit source]
The Nashik Municipal Corporation (NMC) has rolled out its city bus service Citilinc on 8 July 2021.The previous state government had given its nod to the NMC to take over the city bus service from the ailing Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC).
Education[edit | edit source]
The city has two state-run universities: the Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University and the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences.
International relations[edit | edit source]
- Twin towns and sister cities
Notable people[edit | edit source]
- Abhishek Raut, cricketer
- Anant Laxman Kanhere, Indian independence fighter
- Anjana Thamke, athlete
- Dadasaheb Phalke, father of Indian cinema
- Pandit Dattatreya Vishnu Paluskar, Hindustani classical vocalist
- Dadasaheb Gaikwad (Bhaurao Krishnaji Gaikwad), politician, social worker
- Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Indian freedom fighter, revolutionary, ideologue, pro-independence activism, politician, poet, writer and playwright
- Kusumagraj (Vishnu Vāman Shirwādkar), Marathi poet, playwright, and novelist
- Shivaji Tupe, painter
- Krishnaji Gopal Karve, Indian freedom fighter, revolutionary
- Tatya Tope, leader in the Indian Rebellion of 1857
- Dhairya Dand, inventor, artist, designer
- Kavita Raut, long-distance runner
- Sunil Khandbahale, innovator, entrepreneur, language enthusiast
- Dattaraya Ramchandra Kaprekar, recreational mathematician
- Sayali Bhagat, model/actress, Femina Miss India world 2004
- Mahadev Govind Ranade, Indian scholar, social reformer and author
- Ramesh Raskar, computer scientist
- Dattu Baban Bhokanal, rower
- Chinmay Udgirkar, actor
- Vidit Santosh Gujrathi, Indian chess player
- Uttara Mhatre Kher, former Miss India
- Saiyami Kher, actress
- Anjali Patil, actress
- Shashank Khaitan, director
- Mrunal Dusanis, actress
- Lalita Pawar, actress
- Chhagan Bhujbal, Politician
References[edit | edit source]
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Why Nashik is the wine capital of India - Asia-Pacific - RFI". 25 September 2016. Archived from the original on 9 April 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 "Who's who | Nashik District, Government of Maharashtra | India". nashik.gov.in. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
- ↑ "Nashik Municipal Corporation" (PDF). nashikcorporation.in. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
- ↑ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Census of India 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 July 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
- ↑ "Pin Code Nashik, Maharashtra Government".
- ↑ Records, Official. "District Domestic Product of Maharashtra 2011-12 to 2019-20" (PDF). Planning Department, Government of Maharashtra, India. Directorate of Economics and Statistics. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
- ↑ "Nashik District record of sex ratio".
- ↑ "Economic Survey of Maharashtra 2020–21" (PDF). mls.org.in. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
- ↑ "Nashik District Literacy rate".
- ↑ "jjkent.com". jjkent.com. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 "History of Kumbh Mela – Origin of Kumbh Mela". Kumbhamela.net. Archived from the original on 18 September 2018. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 "Development and present Status of Nashik District" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 April 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- ↑ "Visit Nashik, Wine Capital of India". CNN. 14 November 2017. Archived from the original on 9 April 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- ↑ 14.0 14.1 14.2 "Overview of District". Official Website of Nashik District. Nashik.nic.in. Archived from the original on 5 April 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- ↑ "geography". Archived from the original on 18 January 2019. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
- ↑ "Official WebSite of District". Nashik.nic.in. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
- ↑ "History of Nashik". Nashikcorporation.com. Archived from the original on 27 December 2008. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
- ↑ "Station: Ozar (A) Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 577–578. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
- ↑ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M149. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
- ↑ "Nashik Municipal Corporation :: Nashik Municipal Corporation". nashikcorporation.in. Archived from the original on 13 January 2019. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
- ↑ "Nashik Municipal Corporation :: General Body". nashikcorporation.in. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
- ↑ Pawar, Tushar (8 October 2020). "Civic body asks MNGL to pay for road damage". The Times of India. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
- ↑ 23.0 23.1 "Nashik Municipal Corporation :: Ward Committeee". nashikcorporation.in. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
- ↑ www.ETGovernment.com. "Maharashtra: Major civic projects of Nashik Municipal Corporation to get boost in 2020 - ET Government". ETGovernment.com. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
- ↑ "Concept Paper on Preparation of City Development Plan For Three Cities of Jharkhand Under Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Missi" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
- ↑ "Civic Services Nashik Municipal Corporation". civicservices.nmc.gov.in. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
- ↑ "2011 Census Nashik". India 2011 Census. Archived from the original on 8 July 2018. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
- ↑ "Nashik City Population Census 2011 – Maharashtra". Archived from the original on 3 July 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
- ↑ Thomas Brinkhoff (23 January 2010). "The Principal Agglomerations of the World – Population Statistics & Maps". Citypopulation.de. Archived from the original on 4 July 2010. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
- ↑ "Nashik City Census 2011 data". Archived from the original on 4 May 2018. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
- ↑ "Guinness Book to certify Mangi Tungi idol". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 7 February 2018. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
- ↑ Empires: Perspectives from Archaeology and History by Susan E. mouurya p.168
- ↑ "Official WebSite of Nashik District". Archived from the original on 10 August 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
- ↑ "Official WebSite of Nashik District". Nashik.nic.in. Archived from the original on 6 April 2015. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
- ↑ Pawar, Tushar (16 May 2012). "India's grape export up by nearly 60% this year". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 24 June 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- ↑ "Official Website of Nashik District". Nashik.nic.in. 31 October 2012. Archived from the original on 1 July 2015. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
- ↑ "Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor launched in Maharashtra". Financial Express. 4 March 2014. Archived from the original on 14 January 2018. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
- ↑ Khapre, Shubhangi (10 February 2018). "Magnetic Maharashtra: Delhi-Mumbai industrial corridor to be showcased". Indian Express. Archived from the original on 19 May 2018. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
- ↑ "Welcome to HAL – Aircraft Division". Archived from the original on 23 March 2013.
- ↑ "Currency Note Press, Nashik has Highest Ever Monthly Production of 451.5 Million Pieces (MPCS) of Banknotes during January, 2013". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 8 February 2013. Archived from the original on 7 February 2019. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
- ↑ "CNPN Home". Cnpnashik.spmcil.com. 21 October 2010. Archived from the original on 27 June 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- ↑ "MSME Nashik report" (PDF). dcmsme.gov.in. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 August 2017. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
- ↑ "Brief Industrial Profile of Nashik District" (PDF). GOI Ministry of MSME. 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 August 2017. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
- ↑ Market, Capital (11 May 2017). "India BPO promotion scheme". Business Standard India. Archived from the original on 9 August 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
- ↑ Layak, Suman (7 August 2016). "After Pune, Nashik is emerging as latest hub for tech startups in India". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
- ↑ "Industry". Official Website of Nashik District. Archived from the original on 6 April 2015.
- ↑ "Nashik Harvest". Food NDTV. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
- ↑ Pawar, Tushar (13 December 2006). "Business Standard". Business Standard India. Business Standard. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
- ↑ http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/lifestyle/Wines-from-Nashik---the-wine-capital-of-India_19223423.html [dead link]
- ↑ "Leaders of Tomorrow: Nashik- The wine capital of India | The Economic Times Video | ET Now". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. Archived from the original on 3 August 2015. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- ↑ Pawar, Tushar (27 September 2020). "NMC to gift its city bus service to citizens on Diwali". The Times of India. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
- ↑ "Maharashtra Tourism". Archived from the original on 29 July 2018. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
Budapest and Nashik to be sister cities as collaboration between Hungary and Maharashtra to have a roadmap ahead for mutual synergies!Shri Jaykumar Rawal, Hon Minister Tourism, Shri Vijay Gautam IAS PS, Shri Aashutosh Rathod JtMD, interacting with the Hungary delegation at Sahyadri
- ↑ "Veer Savarkar Biography - Vir Savarkar Indian Freedom Fighter - Vinayak Damodar Savarkar History". www.iloveindia.com. Archived from the original on 27 August 2015. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
- ↑ "Young Achievers". Indian Express. 11 November 2013. Archived from the original on 10 January 2015. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
- ↑ "Youth Icon". Maharashtra Times. 16 March 2013. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
External links[edit | edit source]
- Unravel Nashik, The City of Abundance
- Encyclopædia Britannica. 19 (11th ed.). 1911. pp. 247–248. .
- Nashik Municipal Corporation