Shahrukh Khan

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Shah Rukh Khan
Shah Rukh Khan graces the launch of the new Santro.jpg
Khan at an event for Hyundai in 2018
Born
Shahrukh Khan

(1965-11-02) 2 November 1965 (age 56)
New Delhi, India
Alma materHansraj College[1]
Occupation
  • Actor
  • film producer
  • television personality
  • businessman
Years active1988–present
Works
Full list
Net worth$600 million (2020)[2]
Spouse(s)
(
m. 1991)
ChildrenAryan Khan, Suhana Khan and Abram Khan
AwardsFull list
HonoursPadma Shri (2005)
Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (2007)
Légion d'honneur (2014)
Signature
ShahRukh Khan Sgnature transparent.png

Shah Rukh Khan (pronounced [ˈʃɑːɦɾʊx xɑːn]; born 2 November 1965), also known by the initialism SRK, is an Indian actor, film producer, and television personality who works in Hindi films. He is referred to in the media as the "Baadshah of Bollywood" (in reference to his 1999 film Baadshah), "King of Bollywood" and "King Khan", he has appeared in more than 80 films, and earned numerous accolades, including 14 Filmfare Awards. The Government of India has awarded him the Padma Shri, and the Government of France has awarded him the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres and the Legion of Honour. Khan has a significant following in Asia and the Indian diaspora worldwide. In terms of audience size and income, he has been described as one of the most successful film stars in the world.[lower-alpha 1]

Khan began his career with appearances in several television series in the late 1980s. He made his Bollywood debut in 1992 with Deewana. Early in his career, Khan was recognised for portraying villainous roles in the films Baazigar (1993), Darr (1993), and Anjaam (1994). He then rose to prominence after starring in a series of romantic films, including Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge (1995), Dil To Pagal Hai (1997), Kuch Kuch Hota Hai (1998), Mohabbatein (2000) and Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001). Khan went on to earn critical acclaim for his portrayal of an alcoholic in Devdas (2002), a NASA scientist in Swades (2004), a hockey coach in Chak De! India (2007) and a man with Asperger syndrome in My Name Is Khan (2010). His highest-grossing films include the comedies Chennai Express (2013), Happy New Year (2014), Dilwale (2015), and the crime film Raees (2017). Many of his films display themes of Indian national identity and connections with diaspora communities, or gender, racial, social and religious differences and grievances.

As of 2015, Khan is co-chairman of the motion picture production company Red Chillies Entertainment and its subsidiaries and is the co-owner of the Indian Premier League cricket team Kolkata Knight Riders and the Caribbean Premier League team Trinbago Knight Riders. He is a frequent television presenter and stage show performer. The media often label him as "Brand SRK" because of his many endorsement and entrepreneurship ventures. Khan's philanthropic endeavours have provided health care and disaster relief, and he was honoured with UNESCO's Pyramide con Marni award in 2011 for his support of children's education and the World Economic Forum's Crystal Award in 2018 for his leadership in championing women's and children's rights in India. He regularly features in listings of the most influential people in Indian culture, and in 2008, Newsweek named him one of their fifty most powerful people in the world.[6]

Early life and family[edit]

Shah Rukh Khan standing beside his wife Gauri at a party in 2012
Khan with his wife Gauri Khan in 2012

Khan was born on 2 November 1965 into a Muslim family in New Delhi.[7] He spent the first five years of his life in Mangalore, where his maternal grandfather, Iftikhar Ahmed, served as the chief engineer of the port in the 1960s.[8][9][lower-alpha 2] Khan's father, Meer Taj Mohammed Khan, was an Indian independence activist from Peshawar who campaigned alongside the Khudai Khidmatgar, a nonviolent resistance movement led by Abdul Ghaffar Khan (also known as Bacha Khan or the "Frontier Gandhi") that sought a united and independent India.[11][12] Meer was a follower of Abdul Ghaffar Khan,[13] and affiliated with the Indian National Congress.[14] As of 2010, Khan's paternal family was still living in the Shah Wali Qataal area of Peshawar's Qissa Khwani Bazaar.[14] Meer moved to New Delhi in 1948 after the partition of India.[15] Khan's mother, Lateef Fatima, was the daughter of a senior government engineer.[16][lower-alpha 3] His parents were married in 1959.[19] Khan described himself on Twitter as "half Hyderabadi (mother), half Pathan (father), and some Kashmiri (grandmother)".[20] According to Khan, his paternal grandfather, Meer Jan Muhammad Khan, was originally from Afghanistan.[21][14][22] His paternal cousins in Peshawar claim that the family speaks Hindko and is originally from Kashmir, contradicting the claim that his grandfather was from Afghanistan.[14][23]

Khan grew up in the Rajendra Nagar neighbourhood of New Delhi.[24] His father had several business ventures including a restaurant, and the family lived a middle-class life in rented apartments.[25] Khan attended St. Columba's School in central Delhi where he excelled in his studies and in sports such as hockey and football,[26] and received the school's highest award, the Sword of Honour.[25] Initially Khan aspired to pursue a career in sports, however owing to a shoulder injury in his early years meant that he could no longer play.[27] Instead, in his youth, he acted in stage plays and received praise for his imitations of Bollywood actors, of which his favourites were Dilip Kumar, Amitabh Bachchan, and Mumtaz.[28] One of his childhood friends and acting partners was Amrita Singh, who became a Bollywood actress.[29] Khan enrolled at Hansraj College (1985–88) to earn his bachelor's degree in economics, but spent much of his time at Delhi's Theatre Action Group (TAG),[30] where he studied acting under the mentorship of theatre director Barry John.[31] After Hansraj, he began studying for a master's degree in mass communication at Jamia Millia Islamia, but left to pursue his acting career.[32] He also attended the National School of Drama in Delhi during his early career in Bollywood.[33] His father died of cancer in 1981,[lower-alpha 4] and his mother died in 1991 from complications of diabetes.[36] After the death of their parents, his older sister, Shahnaz Lalarukh (born 1960)[37] fell into a depressed state and Khan took on the responsibility of caring for her.[34][38] Shahnaz continues to live with her brother and his family in their Mumbai mansion.[39]

Although Khan was given the birth name Shahrukh Khan, he prefers his name to be written as Shah Rukh Khan, and is commonly referred to by the acronym SRK.[40] He married Gauri Chibber, a Punjabi Hindu, in a traditional Hindu wedding ceremony on 25 October 1991, after a six-year courtship.[41][42] They have a son Aryan (born 1997)[43] and a daughter Suhana (born 2000).[44] In 2013, they became parents of a third child, a son named AbRam,[45] who was born through a surrogate mother.[46] Both his elder children have expressed interest in entering the entertainment industry; Khan has stated that Aryan, who is studying film at the USC School of Cinematic Arts in California, aspires to become a writer-director,[47][48] while Suhana, who served as assistant director for Khan's film Zero (2018), is studying drama and acting at NYU's Tisch School of the Arts for higher education.[49][50] Suhana made her acting debut in November 2019, in a short film titled "The Grey Part of Blue."[51] According to Khan, while he strongly believes in Islam, he also values his wife's religion. His children follow both religions; at his home the Qur'an is situated next to the Hindu deities.[52]

Acting career[edit]

Awards and recognitions[edit]

Khan is one of the most decorated Bollywood actors.[53] He has received 14 Filmfare Awards from 30 nominations and special awards,[54][lower-alpha 5] including eight for Best Actor; he is tied for the most in the category with Dilip Kumar.[55] Khan has won the Filmfare Best Actor award for Baazigar (1993), Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge (1995), Dil To Pagal Hai (1997), Kuch Kuch Hota Hai (1998), Devdas (2002), Swades (2004), Chak De! India (2007) and My Name Is Khan (2010). At times, he has garnered as many as three of the five total Filmfare Best Actor nominations.[56]

Although he has never won a National Film Award,[57] he was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India in 2005.[53] The Government of France has awarded him both the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (2007),[58] and the fifth degree of the French Legion of Honour, the Chevalier Légion d'honneur (2014).[59] Khan has received five honorary doctorates; the first from The University of Bedfordshire in 2009,[60] the second from The University of Edinburgh in 2015,[61] the third from Maulana Azad National Urdu University in 2016,[62] and his latest from The University of Law and La Trobe University in 2019.[63][64]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. Sources indicating Khan's status as one of the most successful film stars in the world.[3][4][5]
  2. There was some confusion because Khan seemingly contradicted himself in an interview, saying that he was born and brought up in Mangalore[10] but he later confirmed his birthplace as Delhi, and that he was brought up in Mangalore for the first five years.[9]
  3. Although she was reported to be the adopted daughter of Shah Nawaz Khan, a major general in the Indian National Army, the Indian Army denied those reports.[17] According to Khan, his father was related to Shah Nawaz.[18]
  4. Chopra's 2007 book gave the date as 19 September 1980,[34] but in an interview in 2014 Khan said the date was 19 October 1981.[35]
  5. Awards in certain categories come without a prior nomination.

References[edit]

  1. "SRK finally receives graduation degree from Hansraj College after 28 years". The Indian Express. 17 February 2016. Archived from the original on 17 February 2016. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
  2. Bhatia, Shreya (6 January 2020). "Meet the world's richest movie star, an Indian: Shah Rukh Khan". Gulf News. Archived from the original on 28 April 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named billion
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Richest Actors
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named thetimes1
  6. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named newsweek
  7. Chopra 2007, p. 27: "born on 2 November 1965 at Talwar Nursing Home, in New Delhi"
  8. "Shah Rukh Khan's South Connect: 'Chennai Express' Actor's Mangalore Home Turns into Tourist Spot". International Business Times. 25 August 2013. Archived from the original on 23 October 2014. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "B'day Special: Shah Rukh Khan (p. 4)". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 16 December 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  10. Gupta, Priya (6 August 2013). "SRK grew up in Mangalore". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 12 December 2018. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  11. Kool, Vinod K.; Agrawal, Rita (2020). Gandhi and the Psychology of Nonviolence, Volume 1: Scientific Roots and Development. Springer Nature. p. 55. ISBN 978-3-030-56865-8. Khan founded the Khudai Khidmatgar (Servants of God), the followers of which were commonly referred to as "red shirts." What attracted people to him? It was the same values that drew people in large numbers to Gandhi—integrity of character coupled with a total comittment to the philosophy and practice of nonviolence and the unwavering belief in a united India.
  12. "Fatima Bhutto terms Shah Rukh Khan 'an icon challenging US monopoly". The News International. 9 October 2019. Archived from the original on 10 October 2019. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  13. Chopra 2007, pp. 17–18.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Khan, Omer Farooq (19 March 2010). "SRK's ancestral home traced to Pakistan". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 1 July 2015. Retrieved 19 October 2014. There is a strong misperception about Shah Rukh's identity who is widely considered as a Pathan. In fact, his entire family speaks Hindko language. His ancestors came from Kashmir and settled in Peshawar centuries back, revealed Maqsood.
  15. Shariff, Faisal (31 May 2004). "Peshawar: The Shah Rukh Connection". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 25 August 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  16. Chopra 2007, p. 25.
  17. "Army denies new ISI chief related to Shah Rukh Khan". The Express Tribune. 11 March 2012. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  18. Gupta, Priya (4 August 2013). "How SRK's Pathan father fell in love with his South Indian mother". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 5 August 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
  19. Chopra 2007, p. 26.
  20. Shah Rukh Khan [@iamsrk] (19 August 2010). "i am half hyderabadi (mom) half pathan (Dad) some kashmiri (grandmom) born in delhi life in mumbai punjabi wife kolkata team. indian at heart" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 22 November 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2014 – via Twitter.
  21. "Happy Birthday Shah Rukh Khan: Why SRK is 'Half Hyderabadi'?". The Siasat Daily. 2 November 2020. Archived from the original on 17 June 2021. Retrieved 9 January 2021. Khan’s paternal grandfather, Meer Jan Muhammad Khan, was an ethnic Pashtun (Pathan) from Afghanistan
  22. Mardomi interviews Shahrukh Khan in U.S.A. YouTube. 26 January 2009. Event occurs at 2:00. Archived from the original on 9 August 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
  23. "Shahrukh's cousins eager to meet him". Dawn. 26 July 2005. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015. Mr Ahmed said that the celebrity understood Hindko and loved to speak in his mother-tongue despite having been born away from Hindko speaking area.
  24. "SRK to run for Delhi TNN". The Times of India. 30 September 2009. Archived from the original on 17 March 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
  25. 25.0 25.1 Chopra 2007, p. 50.
  26. O'Brien 2014, p. 217.
  27. Sharma, Rajat (16 April 2016). "Shah Rukh Khan in Aap Ki Adalat (Full Interview)". youtube.com/user/IndiaTV. IndiaTV. Archived from the original on 11 October 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  28. Chopra 2007, pp. 32, 36.
  29. Chopra 2007, pp. 36–38.
  30. Chopra 2007, p. 53.
  31. Baker, Steven (9 April 2007). "Theatre is at an all-time low in Delhi". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 1 October 2015. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
  32. "Facts you never knew about SRK". Bollywood Hungama. 2 November 2006. Archived from the original on 17 March 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2008.
  33. Panicker, Prem (10 July 2002). "For an entire year I was sad". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 17 August 2012. Retrieved 14 March 2012.
  34. 34.0 34.1 Chopra 2007, pp. 41–43.
  35. Khan, Shah Rukh (6 July 2014). The Anupam Kher Show – Shahrukh Khan – Episode No: 1. Colors (in हिन्दी). India. Archived from the original on 20 February 2015. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  36. Chopra 2007, p. 89.
  37. Chopra 2007, p. 27.
  38. "RAKHI SPECIAL: Bollywood King SRK with his sister Shehnaz Lalarukh". Dainik Bhaskar. 20 August 2013. Archived from the original on 12 November 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  39. Roy, Gitanjali (14 November 2012). "Shah Rukh Khan : Live life King Khan size". NDTV. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  40. James, Randy (18 August 2009). "2-Min. Bio: Bollywood Star Shah Rukh Khan". Time. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
  41. "B'day Special: Shah Rukh Khan (p. 16)". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 9 November 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  42. "Famous inter-religious marriages". MSN. 30 January 2014. Archived from the original on 3 July 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  43. Dharma Productions, Reunion of the Kuch Kuch Hota Hai cast | Karan Johar | Shah Rukh Khan | Kajol | Rani, retrieved 6 December 2018
  44. "rediff.com: Shah Rukh has a new(born) heroine in his life". m.rediff.com. Archived from the original on 18 October 2018. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  45. "Shah Rukh Khan brings baby AbRam home, denies sex determination test". Daily News and Analysis. 9 July 2013. Archived from the original on 4 December 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  46. Sharma, Sarika (3 July 2013). "Shah Rukh Khan, Gauri blessed with a baby boy". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 5 September 2014. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  47. "Shah Rukh Khan feels that Karan Johar will launch Aryan Khan, but not as a HERO – details inside". Times Now. The Times Group. 17 December 2018. Archived from the original on 31 December 2018. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  48. "This video of Shah Rukh Khan's son Aryan Khan giving money to a beggar is going viral – watch|". Times Now. The Times Group. 8 August 2018. Archived from the original on 31 December 2018. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  49. Varma, Lipika (15 December 2018). "Suhana has to learn the craft before thinking of acting: Shah Rukh Khan". Deccan Chronicle. Archived from the original on 2 January 2019. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  50. "From 'Deewana' to 'Zero', Shah Rukh Khan's daughter Suhana takes cues from superstar's films for her Bollywood debut". DNA India. 14 August 2019. Archived from the original on 14 August 2019. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  51. "Suhana Khan's acting debut The Grey Part of Blue is out, fans say she has 'magnetic screen presence'. Watch video". Hindustan Times. 18 November 2019. Archived from the original on 18 November 2019. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  52. Zubair Ahmed (23 September 2005). "Who's the real Shah Rukh Khan?". BBC News. Archived from the original on 26 January 2009. Retrieved 26 August 2008.
  53. 53.0 53.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named toi-awards
  54. "B'day Special: Shah Rukh Khan (p. 8)". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 16 December 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  55. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named FF8
  56. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named FFAwardsPDF
  57. "'I have a space for a National Award in my library' – Shahrukh Khan". Bollywood Hungama. 10 February 2010. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  58. "SRK gets France's top culture award". The Times of India. 13 June 2007. Archived from the original on 11 March 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  59. "Shahrukh Khan awarded highest French civilian honour". Hindustan Times. 2 July 2014. Archived from the original on 13 August 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  60. "Shah Rukh honoured to be Dr Khan". BBC. 11 July 2009. Archived from the original on 11 October 2020. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  61. "Shah Rukh Khan given honorary doctorate by University of Edinburgh". BBC. 16 October 2015. Archived from the original on 2 July 2019. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  62. "SEE PICS: Shah Rukh Khan receives honorary doctorate for promoting Urdu". Archived from the original on 18 April 2017.
  63. "Shah Rukh Khan thanks the University of Law for awarding him with an honorary doctorate". The Times of India. 5 April 2019. Archived from the original on 10 May 2019. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  64. "Bollywood comes to Melbourne as Shah Rukh Khan given honorary doctorate". The Guardian. 9 August 2019. Archived from the original on 9 August 2019. Retrieved 10 August 2019.

Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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