Mising language

From Bharatpedia, an open encyclopedia

Plains Miri
EthnicityMising, Padam, Minyong
Native speakers
629,954 (2011)[1]
  • Padam
  • Minyong
  • Mising (Plains Miri)
Language codes
ISO 639-3mrg

Mising or Mishing, also known as Plains Miri, is a Tani language spoken by the Mising people. There are 517,170 speakers (as per Census of India, 2001), who inhabit mostly the Lakhimpur, Sonitpur, Dhemaji, Dibrugarh, Sibsagar, Jorhat, Majuli, Golaghat, Tinsukia districts of Assam and also some parts of Arunachal Pradesh. The primary literary body of Mising is known as 'Mising Agom Kébang (Mising Language Society)'.

The Mising, Padam and Minyong speak dialects of the same language.



Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
voiceless p t [lower-alpha 1] k
voiced b d [lower-alpha 1] ɡ
Fricative voiceless s h[lower-alpha 2]
voiced z
Tap ɾ
Approximant w[lower-alpha 3] l j
  1. 1.0 1.1 [tʃ] and [dʒ] are typically rare, and mainly occur as allophones of /t d/ when after fricatives /s z/.[2]
  2. [h] is heard in place of /s/ within variations of a local dialect.
  3. [w] is heard phonetically in different environments if a front or central vowel precedes a back vowel (i.e. /aɔ/ ~ [awɔ]).


Front Central Back
Close i iː ɨ ɨː u uː
Mid ɛ ɛː ɜ ɜː ɔ ɔː
Open a aː

Geographical distribution[edit]

A traditional Mishing house is stilted.

Ethnologue gives the following locations for Mising speakers. The Hill Miri live in Arunachal Pradesh, while the Plains Miri live in Assam.

  • Assam: North Lakhimpur, Sonitpur, Dhemaji, Dibrugarh, Sibsagar, Jorhat, Majuli,Charaideu,Bishwanath,Golaghat, and Tinsukia districts
  • Arunachal Pradesh
    • Districts of East Siang, Lower Dibang valley and Lohit. Also on both sides of Kamla river in Ziro subdivision, Lower Subansiri district
    • Daporizo subdivision, Upper Subansiri district

See also[edit]


  1. Mishing at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Doley, Basanta K. A Sociolinguistic Profile of the Mising Language.

External links[edit]

Template:Tani languages Template:Arunachal languages

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