Tangkhul language

From Bharatpedia, an open encyclopedia
Information red.svg
Scan the QR code to donate via UPI
Dear reader, We need your support to keep the flame of knowledge burning bright! Our hosting server bill is due on June 1st, and without your help, Bharatpedia faces the risk of shutdown. We've come a long way together in exploring and celebrating our rich heritage. Now, let's unite to ensure Bharatpedia continues to be a beacon of knowledge for generations to come. Every contribution, big or small, makes a difference. Together, let's preserve and share the essence of Bharat.

Thank you for being part of the Bharatpedia family!
Please scan the QR code on the right click here to donate.

0%

   

transparency: ₹0 raised out of ₹100,000 (0 supporter)



Tangkhul
Luhupa
Native toIndia
RegionManipur, Nagaland
EthnicityTangkhul Naga
Native speakers
670,000 including Khangoi (2019)[1]
Dialects
  • Ukhrul
  • Kupome (Luhupa)
  • Phadang
Latin script
Language codes
ISO 639-3nmf
Glottologtang1336

Tangkhul (Tangkhul Naga) is a Sino-Tibetan language of the Tangkhulic branch. It is spoken in 168 villages of Ukhrul district, Manipur, India, with speakers scattered in Nagaland and Tripura as well.

Within Ukhrul district, Manipur, Tangkhul is spoken in the villages of Hundung, Shiroi, Langdang, Lamlang Gate, Litan, Yangangpokpi, and other locations (Arokianathan 1995).

Tangkhul is not close to other Naga languages. It is a dialect continuum, in which speakers from neighboring villages may be able to understand each other, but a dialect farther north or south will be less easily understood, if at all. The lingua franca is the Hunphun (Ukhrul) dialect. Languages in the northern villages of chingjaroi, razai , jessami and soraphung have languages under the Angami-pochuri group of languages.

The language dialect spoken by the people of Hunphun (the traditional name of Ukhrul) became the most common dialect among the Tangkhuls because the British set up their administration in Ukhrul. The American Baptist missionary Rev. William Pettigrew translated the Bible into the Hunphun dialect.

Phonology

Consonants

Bilabial Labio-
dental
Dental/
Alveolar
Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
aspirated
Affricate
Fricative voiceless f s h
nasalized
voiced z
Nasal m n ŋ
Rhotic r
Lateral l
Approximant w ʋ j
  • Stop sounds /p t tʃ k/ may have voiced allophones [b d dʒ ɡ] in free variation.
  • /m/ may be heard as [ɱ] when preceding /f/ or /ʋ/.
  • /r/ can be heard as [r] or [ɾ] in free variation.

Vowels

Front Central Back
Close i ɨ u
Mid e ə o
Open a
  • /i e a u/ can have allophone sounds of [ɪ ɛ ɐ ɯ] in free variation.[2]

References

  1. Tangkhul at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Ahum, Victor (1997). Tangkhul-Naga grammar: a study of word formation. New Delhi: Jawaharlal Nehru University.

Template:Languages of Burma