Languages of Tripura

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Languages of Tripura, a state in the Northeast India, include Bengali and Kokborok as official languages, and many other minority languages.[1][2][3][4] As in the rest of India, English is used for official purpose.[1] Bengali is the most spoken language, due to the predominance of Bengali people in the state. Kokborok is spoken by the Tripuri people.

Languages of Tripura, 2011[5][6][7]

  Bengali (63.48%)
  Tripuri (25.90%)
  Chakma (2.17%)
  Hindi (2.11%)
  Mogh (Marma) (0.97%)
  Others (5.37%)

In the state of Tripura, most of the languages of India are used. Major languages in terms of the number of speakers per 2011 census of India are as follows:[5]

Language Number Percentage
Bengali 2,330,452 63.48
Tripuri 950,875[5] 25.90
Chakma 79,813 [8] 2.17
Hindi 77,701 2.11
Mogh (Marma) 35,722 0.97
Manipuri 23,779 0.64
Falam 23,089 0.62
Bishnupriya Manipuri 22,112 0.6
Garo 11,312 0.35
Others 186,522 3.04
Total 3,671,032 100.00

A report in Times of India said that the state is home to three dozen languages including some that are nearly extinct, including Saimar which was spoken by only 4 people in 2012.[9]


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. pp. 79–84. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2016. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
  2. Website of Directorate of bangali and other minority languages, Government of Tripura
  3. Tripura Official Languages Act, 1964, website of Tripura Police Department, Kokborok as official language of Tripura
  4. Department of Kokborok, Tripura University, A Central University of Government of India
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue". Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  6. "2011 Indian Census: Language and Mother Tongue".
  7. "Every 5th Bengali speaker lives outside Bengal". Retrieved 7 January 2021.
  9. Milton, Lawrence (17 July 2012). "Saimar's oldest speaker appeals to protect his language". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 11 April 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2013.