Rongmei language

From Bharatpedia, an open encyclopedia

Ruanglat, "Ruangmei"
RegionAssam, Manipur and Nagaland
EthnicityRongmei Naga
Native speakers
350,580 approx
Language codes
ISO 639-3nbu

Rongmei is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by Rongmei Naga community in Northeast India.[1] It has been called Songbu and is close to Zeme and Liangmai. The language has been nomenclatured as "Ruangmei" and studied as a First Language paper from class I to X of Board of Secondary Education, Manipur.[2] Ruangmei is studied as a Minor Indian Language(MIL) in Class XI & XII of Council of Higher Secondary Education Manipur (Cohsem).[3]


Rongmei is mostly spoken in the three states of Assam, Manipur and Nagaland.[4]

It is the most spoken language in Tamenglong district and Noney district; and the second most spoken language in Imphal West district and Bishnupur district of Manipur.[5]



Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
voiceless p t k
voiced b d ɡ
Nasal m n ŋ
Fricative s h
Trill r
Approximant lateral l
central w j


Front Central Back
Close i u
Mid e ə o
Open a

A lower-mid elongated sound [ɐː] also occurs only in word-medial positions.[6]


  1. "Naga, Rongmei". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  2. "Board of secondary education manipur- BSEM".
  3. "Welcome to Council of Higher Secondary Education, Manipur".
  4. "Distribution of 99 non schedule languages" (PDF). Census India. MHA, Govt of India. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  5. "Census of language in India 2011". MHA, Govt of India.
  6. Tiwari, Surendra K. (1971). A descriptive grammar of Kabui. Poona: Deccan College.

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