Indo-Tibetan Border Police

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Indo-Tibetan Border Police
भारत तिब्बत सीमा पुलिस
Emblem of the Indo-Tibetan Border Police
Emblem of the Indo-Tibetan Border Police
Indo-Tibetan Border Police Flag
Indo-Tibetan Border Police Flag
MottoShauryaDridhataKarm Nishtha
ValourSteadfastness and Commitment
Agency overview
Employees89,432 Active personnel[1]
Annual budget7,461.28 crore (US$1.0 billion) (2022-23)[2]
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionIN
Governing bodyMinistry of Home Affairs (India)
Constituting instrument
  • Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force Act, 1992
Operational structure
HeadquartersNew Delhi, India
Minister responsible
Agency executive

The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) is a border patrol organization of India deployed along its borders with Tibet Autonomous Region. It is one of the seven Central Armed Police Forces, established in 1962 in the aftermath of the Sino-Indian War of 1962.[3]

In September 1996, the Parliament of India enacted the "Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force Act, 1992" to "provide for the constitution and regulation" of the ITBP "for ensuring the security of the borders of India and for matters connected therewith".[4][5] The first head of the ITBP, designated Inspector General, was Balbir Singh, a police officer previously belonging to the Intelligence Bureau. The ITBP, which started with 4 battalions, has, since restructuring in 1978, undergone expansion to a force of 60 Battalions with 15 Sectors and 05 Frontiers as of 2018[6] with a sanctioned strength of 89,432.[7]

Sharpshooter team of North West Frontier ITBP Leh, Ladakh during a training session.

The ITBP is trained in the Civil Medical Camp, disaster management, and nuclear, biological and chemical disasters. ITBP personnel have been deployed abroad in UN peacekeeping missions in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Sierra Leone, Haiti, Western Sahara, Sudan, Afghanistan, and elsewhere. Two battalions of ITBP are deputed to National Disaster Response Force.

Command Control superstructure[edit]

ITBP, for the first two decades since its raising in 1962, until 1983, was headed by Inspector Generals of Police (IGs), all drawn from the IPS. In this period (1963–83), IGs had stable tenures, for instance B Chatterjee, IG, was head of the force from 02 to 06–1964 to 31-08-1974, and R N Sheopory, as IG, was head from 03 to 09–1974 to 22-12-1980. In 1983, the Indira Gandhi led Congress Government, upgraded ITBP head to Director General (DG). Since then, there has exponentially expansion of higher ranks, accompanied by volatility in the tenures of the head of ITBP. Instead of one IG as in 1983, ITBP now has 16 DG/IGs, and over 40 DIGs. The average tenure of DGs is about a year plus, and in some cases barely a few weeks, for instance B.B. Nandy, IPS, was DG (10-01-1997 to 03-04-1997), for just 28 weeks. Going by the trend of short tenures of DGs, it would appear that the Government is not overly concerned about command control, or in maintaining command continuity in the ITBP.[8] The post of DG was again upgraded by the Manmohan Singh led UPA Government in 2008.[9]

More than a year after the central government sanctioned raising of two commands of ITBP, the commands are now operationalised. ITBP shall have two commands one each at Chandigarh and Guwahati head by a cadre officer of ADG rank. Manoj Rawat, presently IG with ITBP HQ has been entrusted with the responsibility of raising the ITBP's Western Command at Chandigarh.[10]

Item DG IGs DIGs Remarks
Hqs 1 7 13 -
Frontier hqs - 7 - -
Sector hqs - - 15 -
Training - 1 12 -
Total[8] 1 15 40 -

ITBP Chiefs[edit]

List of ITBP Chiefs
No. Name Rank Took office Left office Time in office
1 Balbir Singh IG 02 February 1963 02 June 1964 1 year, 121 days
2 B Chatarjee IG 02 June 1964 31 August 1974 10 years, 90 days
3 R N Sheopory DG 03 september 1974 22 December 1980 6 years, 110 days
4 K Ramamurti DG 22 December 1980 31 December 1983 3 years, 9 days
5 Shiv Raj Bahadur DG 04 June 1981 31 December 1983 2 years, 210 days
6 Shiv Swaroop DG 01 January 1984 19 March 1984 78 days
7 M C Mishra DG 19 March 1984 28 March 1985 1 year, 9 days
8 O P Bhutani DG 28 March 1985 28 February 1987 1 year, 337 days
9 J M Qureshi DG 28 February 1987 02 March 1988 1 year, 3 days
10 G S Mander DG 02 March 1988 28 July 1988 148 days
11 D V Rama Krishna DG 08 July 1988 31 January 1992 3 years, 207 days
12 R K Wadehra DG 01 February 1992 31 January 1993 1 year, 0 days
13 D K Arya DG 03 February 1993 31 January 1994 362 days
14 S C Mehta DG 31 January 1994 16 April 1994 75 days
15 R C Jha DG 16 April 1994 31 March 1995 349 days
16 Jogender Singh DG 31 March 1995 04 November 1996 1 year, 187 days
17 R K Sharma DG 10 April 1996 10 January 1997 1 year, 174 days
18 Bibhuti Bhusan Nandy DG 10 January 1997 03 April 1997 83 days
19 Nikhil Kumar DG 03 April 1997 03 December 1997 244 days
20 Gautam Kaul DG 01 June 1998 31 March 2001 2 years, 303 days
21 S C Chaube DG 31 march 2001 31 December 2002 1 year, 275 days
22 R C Agarwal DG 31 December 2002 30 June 2004 1 year, 182 days
23 K J Singh DG 01 July 2004 30 April 2005 303 days
24 S K Kain DG 005 May 2005 31 October 2005 179 days
25 N C Joshi DG 01 November 2005 31 december 2005 60 days
26 V K Joshi DG 01 January 2006 02 May 2008 2 years, 122 days
27 Vikram Srivastava DG 02 May 2008 31 January 2010 1 year, 274 days
28 R K Bhatia DG 01 February 2010 31 August 2011 1 year, 211 days
29 Ranjit Sinha DG 01 September 2011 03 December 2012 1 year, 109 days
30 Ajay Chadha DG 19 December 2012 31 August 2013 255 days
31 Subhas Goswami DG 01 September 2013 31 December 2014 1 year, 121 days
32 Shri Krishna Chaudhary DG 31 December 2014 30 June 2017 2 years, 180 days
33 R K Pachnanda DG 30 June 2017 31 October 2018 1 year, 123 days
34 Surjeet Singh Deswal DG 31 November 2018 31 August 2021 2 years, 304 days
35 Sanjay Arora DG 31 agust 2021 31 August 2022 1 year, 0 days
36 Dr. Sujoy Lal Thaosen DG 01 September 2022 02 October 2022 31 days
37 Anish Dayal Singh DG 02 October 2022 - 1 year, 63 days


ITBP is a multi-dimensional force which primarily has 5 functions:

  1. Vigil on the northern borders, detection and prevention of border violations, and promotion of the sense of security among the local populace.
  2. Check illegal immigration and trans-border smuggling.
  3. Provide security to sensitive installations and threatened VIPs
  4. Restore and preserve order in any area in the event of a disturbance.
  5. To maintain peace.
Ski Contingent of the ITBP during their 53rd Raising Day Parade, 2014

Presently, battalions dog of ITBP are deployed on border guard duties from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Diphu La in Arunachal Pradesh, covering 3,488  km of the India-China border. Manned border posts are at altitudes as high as 21,000 feet (6,400 m) in the western, middle & eastern sector of the border. ITBP is a mountain trained force and most of the officers & men are professionally trained mountaineers and skiers. The force is under an expansion plan in order to provide relief to its troops from constant deployment in high altitude areas under the dynamic and professional leadership of Subhash Goswami, IPS.

  • The border posts manned by ITBP are exposed to high velocity storms, snow blizzards, avalanches, and landslides, besides the hazards of high altitude and extreme cold, where the temperature dips up to minus 40-degree Celsius. ITBP conducts Long Range and Short Range patrols to keep an effective vigil on inaccessible and unmanned areas on the border.
  • The ITBP has recently taken on a disaster management role. Being the first responder for natural Disaster in Himalayas, ITBP was the first to establish 06 (now 08) Regional Response Centres in Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Northeast India and carried out numerous rescue and relief operations in various disaster situations, which took place in our areas of responsibility as well as other parts of the country. ITBP has already trained 1032 personnel in Disaster Management including 98 personnel in Radiological and Chemical and Biological emergencies.
  • ITBP has established a National Centre for Training in Search, Rescue & Disaster response at Bhanu, Haryana which is imparting training to personnel of ITBP and other Paramilitary / State Police Forces. There is also a training centre for the Dogs at Basic Training centre situated at Bhanu. The centre is known as NICD.
  • ITBP Commando units provide security to the Embassy and consulates of India in Afghanistan. Besides this two Companies of the ITBP are providing security in Afghanistan.
  • One company of ITBP is deployed in United Nation Mission in Congo since November 2005. A National Centre for UNCIVPOL training has been set up at ITBP Camp, Tigri, Khanpur, Delhi for providing systematic training to Indian Police Officers for deployment in UN Mission.
  • ITBP is also providing security to the pilgrims during Annual Kailash Mansarovar Yatra from 1981. ITBP provides communication, security and medical cover to the yatries from Gunji to Lipulekh Pass and back to Gunji in co-ordination with MEA and Kumaon Mandal Vikas Nigam.
  • ITBP had provided Quarantine camp at Chhawala in New Delhi for the suspected persons during the COVID-19 pandemic who were evacuated from Wuhan. It had also set up camps at its other locations in the country for further quarantine.[11]

The ITBP is also credited to run the world's largest Sardar Patel Covid Care Centre SPCCC, Radha Soami Beas, Chhatarpur, New Delhi when it treated corona patients during the 1st, 2nd and 3rd waves of deadly corona virus at the National Capital. [12]

Chitkul Village, as seen from the road to the ITBP checkpost

ITBP's major training centre is located at Mussoorie, in Uttarakhand. The Training Academy has been established in 1976 and imparts training to Officers of the force. The training programme to Suboridnate Officers of the force are conducted at Central Training College Alwar and Basic Training College, Bhanu (Haryana). Specialised training programmes in rock craft, explosives handling etc. are also conducted here. Ace mountaineer and Padma Shri awardee, Harbhajan Singh, IG heads this institution. Keeping in view the evolving security scenario of the country, ITBP established a Counter Insurgency and Jungle Warfare(CIJW) School at an altitude of 6,000 feet in the heart of extremely tough Himalayan mountains, at Mahidanda in Uttarkashi district. The CIJW school (NOT the same as the premier CIJWS of the Indian Army) provides training to ITBP's men and officers in anti-Naxal Operations. Jungle warfare, handling of explosives, rock craft, survival in adverse conditions, unarmed combat, and guerrilla warfare are some of the subjects trained here. On account of demands to realistic Anti naxal training the CIJW School of ITBP was shifted to Belgaum Karnataka

The training regime, formulated under the close supervision of Rajiv Mehta, IPS and executed on the ground by Sanjeev Raina, DIG is extremely demanding both mentally and physically, needing special preparation. The presence of the force along the Indo China border where it maintains vigil along the extremely difficult high altitude border area. The troops of the force keep a sharp eye on any violation of the border, trans-border smuggling, and affords a sense of security to the remotely located isolated settlements. The altitude where the troops are deployed range up to 18,800 feet and the temperature plummets to minus 30 degrees during winter with snowfall of more than ten feet.

The force is synonymous with adventure and dare-devilry and has undertaken numerous mountaineering expeditions. Its skiers have been national champions, who have competed winter Olympics. Its river rafters have created international history in rafting through the turbulent white waters of the mighty Brahmaputra, the Indus and the Ganges. The Force has created a milestone by becoming the first Central Para Military Force to grab up the Best Marching Contingent Trophy in the Republic Day parades in 1998, 1999, 2000 and 2011. It broke new ground in 1998 when it sent the first-ever police tableau of the country to participate in the Republic Day Parade. ITBP is at the forefront of a movement for the preservation of Himalayan environment and ecology. ITBP has taken up in a big way the task of greening the Himalayan regions especially in Inner Himalayas. Being the only human presence in areas close to China border, it has taken on itself the task of maintaining the delicate balance of flora and fauna.

ITBP being deployed in mountains has developed the expertise in rescue & relief operations in mountains, which entail different specialised skills of a very high standard. It is always first in extending rescue & relief in case of natural calamity. ITBP conducts a large number of civic action programmes in the remote border and terrorist affected areas to provide free and expert medical, health and hygiene care to the civilian population in remote villages.

As of June 2004, the Academy has trained 3,785 GOs, 7,776 SOs and 27,476 Other Ranks from ITBP and CPOs/ State Police Forces.

Training centres[edit]

The ITBP Marching Contingent passes through the Rajpath, on the occasion of the 69th Republic Day Parade 2018

ITBP training centres develop amongst the trainees the qualities of: professional skills, esprit de corps and leadership. They are taught the values of integrity, impartiality and respect for all castes, creeds and religions. Maintaining the highest tradition of supreme sacrifice in the service of motherland the Himveers are also taught to function effectively while always keeping in mind human rights and the codes of war which always guide their conduct.

The Basic Training Centre at Bhanu, Haryana ITBP Academy at Mussourie, and the Mountaineering & Skiing Institute at Auli run the training programmes and conduct indoor and outdoor training activities, in pursuance of this mission.

ITBP has undergone a massive expansion plan to provide much needed relief to its troops who remain deployed in the tough high altitude terrain for most part of their service. 13 units were raised in the year 2006–07, followed by another 7 units the following year.

Personnel of veterinary wing of ITBP are trained in "Yak handling and Management", at ICAR-National Research Institute on Yak. Yaks are used by ITBP for transportation and logistics.

ITBP is building a full-fledged recreation and training centre in Belgaum at Halbhavi. Belgaum provides the best climate for recreation and ITBP will relocate the personal and will have large family bases in Belgaum for its soldiers after high altitude stress.

The motto of the ITBP, Shaurya, dridata, karm nishtha (Valour, determination, devotion to duty) has always inspired its men in accepting challenges to bring glory to the nation and honour to the force.

Education and Stress Counselling Services in ITBP[edit]

ITBP is the only Central Armed Police Force in India, which has combatised stress counsellors in its Field units, Formations Including the Ranks - Deputy Commandants ESC, Assistant Commandant-ESC, Inspector-ESC, Sub Inspector-ESC and Head Constable-ESC. These uniformed stress counsellors also play a major role in improving education for ITBP wards and the local children near ITBP Units. There are 21 ITBP Public Schools across the country run by ESC personnel of ITBPolice Force.[13]

ITBP personnel interacting with civilians in Nathu La

ITBP Schools are located at remote areas like Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Leh and Sonipat, Dwarka Delhi.

Community activities[edit]

The ITBP organize an ice-hockey team which is considered one of the strongest in the country with many of its players also participating in the national team.[14] The team have won the Indian Ice Hockey Championship on at least three occasions, most recently in 2019.[15]

ITBP also conducts civic action programmes and Border Area Development Programmes for development of local population in the border areas and areas where the Force is deployed.

[16] [17] [18] [19]

Himveer Wives' Welfare Association (HWWA)[edit]

Himveer Wives' Welfare Association is a welfare wing of the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP).[20] It is a non-profit organisation that works for the spouse, children or any dependents of ITBP personnel.[21] It is registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. The association aims to rehabilitate battle casualties and widows of those who are killed in action in the line of duty. Other than that, the association organises vocational training and empowers the beneficiaries. There are more than 88,000 members in the association. The association also works for the welfare of local population in the remote Himalayan region.[22] The formal registration of the family welfare organization of ITBP named "Himveer Wives' Welfare Association" was done on 19 May, 1998 in New Delhi. Its motto is ‘Development through active involvement’. It organises annual exhibitions to showcase rare products of Himalayan region, the profit of which is used for welfare of the families of ITBP.[23][24] It also honors Veer Naris (War Widows) on special occasions and provides them assistance when needed.[25] It organises its Raising Day every year and announces various welfare programmes for its members as well as conducts training programs. [26][27]


  • Assistant Commandant Ashok Kumar Rana was killed in 1998 at Chirwar, in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, in an encounter with terrorists in jammu and Kashmir.
  • Deputy Commandant Joy Lal, HC Khajan Singh, HC Shamsher Singh,& CT Kailash Chand were killed in a land mine blast.
  • Inspector Raj Kumar was killed in 1997 in an encounter terrorist in Wangam in Jammu and Kashmir, and was posthumously decorated.
  • Constable Suresh Kumar was killed in December 1994 in an encounter with terrorists in Jammu and Kashmir, and was posthumously decorated.
  • Constable Kishan Ram killed in March 1994 in an encounter with terrorists in District Anantnag in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, and was posthumously decorated.
  • Three members of the ITBP were also killed in an attempt to climb Mount Everest during a severe storm in 1996.
  • CT Ajay Pathania and Roop Singh were killed during 2008 bombing of Indian embassy in Kabul. Both have been honoured with Kirti Chakra on 15 August 2008.
  • Six ITBP personnel were killed during rescue operations in flood hit Uttarakhand when the Mi-17V5 helicopter of IAF crashed due to bad weather in 2013. [1]

Honours and decorations[edit]

In the course of active duties, the force has earned a number of civil and service honours, and decorations.

Name of award Number
Padma Shree 6
Kirti Chakra 2
Shaurya Chakra 6
Sena Medal 1
President's Police Medal for Gallantry 19
Police Medal for Gallantry 92
President's Police Medal for Distinguished Service 101
Police Medal for Meritorious Service 292
Prime Minister's Life Saving Medal 86

See also[edit]



  1. "MHA Annual Report 2016-2017" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 August 2017.
  2. "Rs 1.85 lakh crore allocation to MHA in budget". The Economic Times. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  3. IBP USA. India Foreign Policy and Government Guide Volume 1 Strategic Information and Developments. International Business Publications USA. p. 163. ISBN 978-0-7397-8298-9.
  4. "The Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force Act, 1992 Act No. 35 of 1992" (PDF). Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 October 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  5. "History and Role of ITBP". ITBP. ITBP. Archived from the original on 15 April 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  6. "56th Anniversary Special 2017 Magazine" (PDF). ITBP Annual Magazine 2017. Angkor Publishers (P) Ltd.: 96 24 October 2017 – via ITBP.
  7. "MHA Annual Report 2016-2017" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 August 2017.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "official website of Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force, MHA, GOI". MHA. 2016. Archived from the original on 29 January 2016. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
  9. "Indian Police Service (PAY) Rules, 2007" (PDF). Government of India Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & ... Department of Personnel & Training (DOPT). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 March 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  10. "New ITBP commands to be functional within two months". Tribuneindia News Service. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  11. Dua, Rohan (13 March 2020). "India fights coronavirus: ITBP to set up 4 new quarantine sites". The Times of India. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  12. "ITBP COVID centre with 500 oxygen-beds starts in Delhi; over 110 admitted".
  13. "Home | Indo Tibetan Border Police, Ministry of Home Affairs". Archived from the original on 27 September 2017. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
  14. "Indo-Tibet Border Police Defeat Army To Win Ladakh Ice Hockey Tournament".
  15. "Ladakh: ITBP wins National Ice hockey tournament".
  16. "Border infrastructure cause for concern, says Rajnath Singh". 3 October 2017.
  17. "U'khand wants 5 districts to be part of border area scheme | Dehradun News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  18. "ITBP organised Excursion Tour for Border Area Students | Arunachal24". 19 November 2019.
  19. "School children from Kondagaon district of Chhattisgarh, call on Union Home Minister".
  20. "Himveer Wives Welfare Association".
  21. "Don't let your husband remarry, ITBP tells wives of its troops in duty book".
  22. "Himveer Wives Welfare Ass'n donate to villagers | the Arunachal Times".
  23. "ITBP should expand scope of wives' welfare wing: Maneka Gandhi". The Economic Times.
  24. "ITBP mela inaugurated".
  25. "HWWA hold special felicitation programme".
  26. "Miss Universe at HWWA Function".
  27. "HWWA to organise digital awareness classes for veer naries". The Hindu.
  28. ITBP Assistant Commandant GD LDCE Result Archived 9 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine UGCTET. Retrieved 9 October 2014.

External links[edit]

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