Leader of the Opposition (India)

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Leaders of the Opposition of India
Bhārata ke Vipakṣa ke Netā
Emblem of India.svg
Emblem of India
ResidenceNew Delhi
AppointerWhile leader of the largest politicial party that is not in government
Term length5 years
Inaugural holderShyam Nandan Prasad Mishra (in Rajya Sabha)
Ram Subhag Singh (in Lok Sabha)

The Leaders of the Opposition of India (IAST: Bhārata ke Vipakṣa ke Netā) are the politicians who leads the official opposition in either House of the Parliament of India. The Leader of the Opposition is the parliamentary chairperson of the largest political party in their respective legislative chamber that is not in government.

While the position also existed in former Central Legislative Assembly of British India, and holders of it there included Motilal Nehru, it received statutory recognition through the Salary and Allowances of Leaders of Opposition in Parliament Act, 1977 which defines the term "Leader of the Opposition" as that member of the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha who, for the time being, is the Leader of that House of the Party in Opposition to the Government having the greatest numerical strength and recognised, as such, by the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha or the Speaker of the Lok Sabha.[1][2]

As per the Salary and Allowances of Leaders of Opposition in Parliament Act, 1977 by which the post has got official and statutory status, the majority required is decided by the heads of the houses, that is speaker and chairman as the case may be. Clause 4 of The Central Vigilance Commission Act, 2003, provides for the leader of the largest opposition party to be inducted as a member of the selection committee in a scenario where the lower house of parliament does not have a recognised leader of the opposition.[3]

See also


  1. "Salary and Allowances of Leaders of Opposition in Parliament Act, 1977". Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs, Government of India. Archived from the original on 16 January 2010. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
  2. Parliament Of India. Legislativebodiesinindia.nic.in. Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
  3. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 October 2003. Retrieved 22 July 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)