Cumbum, Andhra Pradesh

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Cumbum
Cumbum Lake
Cumbum Lake
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CountryIndia
StateAndhra Pradesh
DistrictPrakasam
MandalCumbum mandal
Area
 • Total8.81 km2 (3.40 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total15,169
 • Density1,700/km2 (4,500/sq mi)
Language
 • OfficialTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
523333
Telephone code+91–8406
Vehicle registrationAP

Cumbum is a census town in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the headquarters of Cumbum mandal in Markapur revenue division.[1]:16[3] It was a part of Kurnool district prior to its merger into Prakasam district.

Cumbum Lake

Cumbum Lake, also known as Gundlakamma Lake, was built on the Gundlakamma rivulet upon the Nallamala hills. It is one of the oldest man-made lakes in Asia. The anicut was built by the Vijayanagar Princess Varadharajamma (also known as Ruchidevi), wife of Sri Krishna Devaraya. She was also the daughter of Gajapatis of Odisha. The lake is about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) long and about 3.5 kilometres (2.2 mi) wide. According to the Imperial Gazette of India, at the turn of the 20th century, the dam was 57 feet (17 m) tall, and the drainage area was 430 square miles (1,100 km2). The directly irrigated land was about 10,300 acres (42 km2) in all. It is the second largest irrigation tank in Asia.[4] Cumbum Lake is accessible both by the Guntur-Nandyal railway line and from Ongole by road.

History

There are inscriptions at Cumbum and Bestawaripeta, one from 1706, and another from 1729. The first refers to the death of the sheriff Khaja Muhammad, who was the Qiladar of Cumbum fort during the reign of Aurangazeb. The second refers to Muhammad Sahib, son of Muhammad Khayum of Tab and governor of Cumbum during the reign of Muhammad Shah. It also states that Muhammad Sahib had a mosque constructed at Cumbum during his governorship. These inscriptions prove that this district, like other districts in the Qutub Shahi Kingdom, was once under the Mughal rule. It was formed as part of the Golkonda province, one of the six provinces into which the Deccan Suba was sub-divided int.[5]

During the British rule, Cumbum tehsil was a municipality of Kurnool district; as such, it had a regimental garrison and a collectorate.[6] On 10 June 1846, Uyyalawada Narasimha Reddy raided the treasury at Cumbum, and started rebellion against British.

As per Gazettee No. 939, dated the 26 January 2022, the old Guntur district, formed in 1904, was split into Guntur district, Palnadu district and Bapatla district. 12 mandals from Tenali revenue division and 13 mandals from Prakasam district was merged into the newly formed Bapatla district.[7]

Geography

Cumbum is located at Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found..[8] It has an average elevation of 184 metres (606 ft).

Transport

Cumbum railway station provides rail connectivity and is a D-category railway station in the Guntur railway division of the South Central Railway zone.[9] State highways, roads, and the GunturGuntakal railway line pass through the town.

International recognition by UNESCO

The Cumbum Tank was made a World Heritage Irrigation Structure (WHIS) in 2020 by UNESCO.[10][11]

Politics

The town was an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh until 2009.[12] Anna Venkata Rambabu won the 2019 assembly elections when the Cumbum constituency was reorganized and merged with the Giddalur constituency.

Education

The primary and secondary school education is provided by the government's School Education Department.[13][14] The languages of instruction followed by different schools are English and Telugu.

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "District Census Handbook – Prakasam" (PDF). Census of India. Directorate of Census Operations, Andhra Pradesh. p. 48. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  2. "Population statistics". Census of India. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  3. "Part III, District and Sub-District (Mandals)" (PDF). Census of India. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. pp. 135, 174. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  4. "Cumbum tank a big draw in Prakasam". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  5. "District Census Handbook – Prakasam" (PDF). Census of India. p. 14. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  6. "Full text of "The Imperial Gazetteer Of India Provincial Series Madras Vol.-i"". archive.org. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  7. "Bapatla District". About District > History. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  8. "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Cumbum, India". fallingrain.com.
  9. "Evolution of Guntur Division" (PDF). South Central Railway. p. 11. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  10. . Major criteria for WHIS entails that a structure should be more than 100 years old, should be functional, achieving food security and have archival value. Cumbum tank is one of the four sites received this tag from India.
  11. "Four sites in India get World Heritage Irrigation Structure tag". December 2020.
  12. APAssembly results 1978–2004 Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine. Election Commission of India.
  13. "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  14. "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.