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Historical Jamia Masjid in Shopian, Historical Aliabad Saria and Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary
|Union territory||Jammu and Kashmir|
|• Type||District Magistrate - Presidential Rule|
|• Total||5.44 km2 (2.10 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2,057 m (6,749 ft)|
|• Density||3,000/km2 (7,800/sq mi)|
|• Official||Kashmiri, Urdu, Hindi, Dogri, English|
|• Literacy rate||78.6%|
|• Sex ratio||755.6 ♀/ 1000 ♂|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Shopian or Shupiyan (Urdu pronunciation: [ʃʊpɪjãː]), known as Shupyan (Kashmiri pronunciation: [ʃupʲjan]) in Kashmiri, is an administrative division of the Shopian district, located in southern part of Kashmir Valley, of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Shopian is called the ''Apple town of Kashmir'' as majority of the population engages in apple growing practices which also provides employment to more than 60% of the population.
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The geologist Frederic Drew stated that Shopian derived its name from a distortion of the word shah-payan, i.e. "royal stay". However, the local people hold the view that Shopian was earlier named "Shin-Van" meaning "snow forest". Shopian is an ancient town of Kashmir and had importance due to it being situated on the ancient imperial route, commonly known as Mughal Road, which connects Lahore and Srinagar. Shopian was one out of six Wazarat Headquarters in Kashmir from 1872 to 1892 A.D.
As of 2011[update] India census, Shopian Municipal Committee had a population of 16,360. There were 9,319 males (57%) and 7,041 females (43%). Of the population, 2,063 (12.6%) were age 0-6: 1,146 males (56%) and 917 females (44%). The literacy rate for the people over six was 78.6% (males 86.7%, females 67.8%). The average population of the town was 6 persons each house.
In 1988, The Government of Jammu and Kashmir established a college namely Government Degree College, Shopian which provides higher education infrastructure to the people of Shopian district. The Government Polytechnic college was established recently in the Shopian town, which provides technical engineering diploma level education.
People from all around the globe visit the tourist places like Peer Ki Gali which is on a mountain top of Mughal road. Mughal Sarai - this palace is situated on the bank of river which flows on the side of Mughal road. This palace was used by Mughal rulers as their resting place during their travels. Dabjan forests - this place is another tourist place of Shopian, where a spring is present in the middle of Dabjan forest. Famous national park Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the district. The Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary is an abode to many species of animals including the Himalayan brown bear, Himalayan black bear, musk deer, leopard, Tibetan wolf, Himalayan palm civet and also critically endangered Pir Panjal markhor. Besides, 130 species of birds including the spotted forktail, western tragopan, rock bunting, rufous-breasted accentor, Himalayan woodpecker, blue rock thrush, white-capped redstart, Himalayan griffon, common stonechat and grey wagtail are found in the Sanctuary.
Majority of the population are apple fruit growers.
- Excelsior, Daily (9 January 2020). "Advisor Khan visits Shopian, takes stock of people's grievances".
- A-4 Towns And Urban Agglomerations Classified By Population Size Class In 2011 With Variation Since 1901. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India (Report).
Class - IV Population of 10,000 and 19,999 (Report).
- District Census Handbook Shupiyan, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 22–23. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
- "The Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Act, 2020" (PDF). The Gazette of India. 27 September 2020. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
- "Parliament passes JK Official Languages Bill, 2020". Rising Kashmir. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
- Kashir Encyclopedia (in कॉशुर / کٲشُر). 2. Jammu and Kashmir Academy of Arts Culture and Languages. 1989. p. 151.
- "Snowfall in south Kashmir's Shopian". greaterkashmir.com. Greater Kashmir.
- "Shopian - Dc Msme" (PDF). dcmsme.gov.in. Development Commissioner Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises.
- "Apple town".
- Bloeria, Sudhir S. (2000). Pakistan's Insurgency vs India's Security: Tackling Militancy in Kashmir. New Delhi: Manas Publications. p. 172. ISBN 978-81-7049-116-3.
- "Jammu and Kashmir(UT) | DISTRICTS OF INDIA". districts.nic.in.
- "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Shupiyan, India". www.fallingrain.com.
- "Shupiyan City Population". Census India. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
- "Shupiyan Population Census 2011 - 2018". census2011.co.in. 2011 Census of India.
- Bhat, T. (2014). "Economic of Apple Industry:A Primary Survey in District Shopian Kashmir (India)". undefined. Retrieved 3 June 2021.