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Srinagar pano.jpg
Hazratbal shrine.jpg
Shikara on dal lake.jpg
A view of Pari Mahal Jammu and Kashmir India.jpg
Red and Yellow Tulips.JPG
From the top clockwise:
Panorama of Srinagar City, Hazratbal shrine, Pari Mahal, Tulips at Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip Garden, Boats in Dal Lake and Shankaracharya Temple
Srinagar is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Location in Jammu and Kashmir
Srinagar is located in India
Srinagar (India)
Srinagar is located in Asia
Srinagar (Asia)
Coordinates: 34°5′24″N 74°47′24″E / 34.09000°N 74.79000°E / 34.09000; 74.79000Coordinates: 34°5′24″N 74°47′24″E / 34.09000°N 74.79000°E / 34.09000; 74.79000
Country India
Union TerritoryJammu and Kashmir
 • MayorJunaid Azim Mattu[1]
 • City294 km2 (114 sq mi)
 • Metro766 km2 (296 sq mi)
1,585 m (5,200 ft)
 • City1,180,570
 • Rank32th
 • Density4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • Metro Rank
Demonym(s)Srinagari, Sirinagari
 • OfficialKashmiri, Urdu, Hindi, Dogri, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code0194
Vehicle registrationJK 01
Sex ratio888 / 1000
Distance from Delhi876 kilometres (544 mi) NW
Distance from Mumbai2,275 kilometres (1,414 mi) NE (land)
Precipitation710 millimetres (28 in)
Avg. summer temperature23.3 °C (73.9 °F)
Avg. winter temperature3.2 °C (37.8 °F)

Srinagar (English : /ˈsrnəɡər/ (About this soundlisten), Kashmiri pronunciation: [siriːnagar]), is the largest city and the summer capital of the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. It lies in the Kashmir Valley on the banks of the Jhelum River, a tributary of the Indus, and Dal and Anchar lakes. The city is known for its natural environment, gardens, waterfronts and houseboats. It is also known for traditional Kashmiri handicrafts like Kashmir shawls and also dried fruits.[11][12] It is the northernmost city of India with over one million people.[13]

Origin of name[edit | edit source]

The earliest records, such as Kalhana's Rajatarangini, mentions the Sanskrit name shri-nagara which have been interpreted distinctively by scholars in two ways: one being sūrya-nagar, meaning "City of the Surya" (trans) "City of Sun"[14][15][16][17] and other being "The city of "Shri" (श्री), the Hindu goddess of wealth, meaning "City of Lakshmi".[18][19][20][21][22][23]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. PTI (25 November 2020). "Junaid Azim Mattu Returns As Srinagar Mayor, 6 Months After He Was Removed". Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  2. "Srinagar City". Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  3. "Srinagar Updates". Tribune. 27 July 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  4. "Srinagar Metropolitan Region" (PDF). Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  5. "Srinagar Master Plan". 21 February 2019. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  6. "Srinagar Municipal Corporation Demographics 2011". 2011 Census of India. Government of India. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
  7. "2011 census of India" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  8. Pathak, Analiza (2 September 2020). "Hindi, Kashmiri and Dogri to be official languages of Jammu and Kashmir, Cabinet approves Bill". Retrieved 8 September 2020.
  9. "The Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Act, 2020" (PDF). The Gazette of India. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  10. "Parliament passes JK Official Languages Bill, 2020". Rising Kashmir. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  11. "Here's how beautiful Srinagar's Dal Lake looks this winter". India Today. 5 January 2018. Archived from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  12. "District Srinagar :: Official Website". Archived from the original on 4 February 2006. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  13. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named jkcensus11
  14. Lawrence, Sir Walter Roper (2005). The Valley of Kashmir. Asian Educational Services. p. 35. ISBN 978-81-206-1630-1.
  15. M. Monier Monier–Williams, "Śrīnagar", in: The Great Sanskrit–English Dictionary, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1899
  16. Sufi, G. M. D. (1974). Kashīr, Being a History of Kashmir from the Earliest Times to Our Own. Light & Life Publishers. p. 42. SRINAGAR * or Suryea Nagar , the City of the Sun , built by Rajah Pravarasene about the beginning of the 6th century , is the Capital of Kashmir , and a plan of it will be found in Montgomerie's Jamoo and Kashinir Map . It is situated about ...
  17. Rabbani, G. M. (1981). Ancient Kashmir: A Historical Perspective. Gulshan Publishers. p. 32. Old Srinagar Kalhana , who lived in the beginning of the twelfth century , mentions in his Rajtarangni the city of Srinagar , a city in the south - east ... Shri here does not mean Surya or the son and it is a mistake to call Srinagar , the city of sun .
  18. Sharma, Suresh K. (1996). Encyclopaedia of Kashmir. Anmol Publications Pvt Limited. p. 137. ISBN 978-81-7488-051-2. Shri Nagar or , as it is commonly called , Srinagar , is the chief town of the country . ' Shri ' means beauty or wealth of knowledge and ' nagar ' a city
  19. Kashmir. 1953. p. 36. Shri ' is said to be another name for Laxmi , the Goddess of Wealth and Beauty and ' nagari ' means the city . Hence ' Shrinagar ' is the city of wealth and beauty .
  20. Shafi, Aneesa (2002). Working Women in Kashmir: Problems and Prospects. APH Publishing. p. 189. ISBN 978-81-7648-350-6. The name Srinagar which means the city of Sri or Lakshmi appears to have been assigned to the capital to commemorate the Buddhist Monastry built by Ashoka between Pandrethan and the nearby steep hill side at a distance of 2 miles from ...
  21. Khan, Mohammad Ishaq (1978). History of Srinagar, 1846-1947: A Study in Socio-cultural Change. Aamir Publications. p. 2. According to Kalhana, ancient Kashmir has had a number of capitals. The most important of these ancient cities was Srinagari, which was founded by Asoka in 250 B.C. 3 Srinagari, the city of Sri, an appellation of the goddess '. Lakshmi ...
  22. Charnock, Richard Stephen (1859). Local Etymology: A Derivative Dictionary of Geographical Names. Houlston and Wright. p. 187.
  23. Koul, Samsar Chand (1962). Srinagar and Its Environs: Kashmir, India. Lokesh Koul. Shri Nagar or , as it is commonly called , Srinagar , is the chief town of the country . ' Shri ' means beauty or wealth of knowledge and ' nagar ' a city . In ancient times this city was one of the chief seats of learning in Asia

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Hewson, Eileen. (2008) Graveyards in Kashmir India. Wem, England: Kabristan Archives. ISBN 978-1906276072

External links[edit | edit source]