Kartik (month)

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<< Kartik >>
File:Golden Paddy.jpg
In Bangladesh Kartick is celebrated as the month when the main crop of paddy approaches the harvest time
Nag Nathaiya festival spectators in Varanasi in Kartik month.

Kartika, Karthika or Kartik or Kartika maasam is a month in Hindu calendar, that typically overlaps October and November. In the Nepali calendar, Maithili, and Bengali, it is the 7th month, in the Tamil calendar it is the 8th month.

Nepali calendar

According to the Bikram Sambat calendar of Nepal, which is also the country's official calendar, Kartik is the seventh month, beginning on 18 October and lasting until 15 November.

Indian national calendar

In the reformed Indian national civil calendar, Kartika is the eighth month of the year. It corresponds with the months of October/November in the Gregorian Calendar.[1] It is written as Bengali: কার্তিক Kartik, Hindi: कार्तिक Kārtika, Odia: କାର୍ତ୍ତିକ Kārttika, Gujarati: કારતક Kārtak, Kannada: ಕಾರ್ತಿಕ , Maithili: कातिक, Marathi: कार्तिक, Nepali: कार्त्तिक, Sanskrit: कार्तिक,[2] Telugu: కార్తీకం, Tamil: கார்த்திகை.[citation needed]

Bengali calendar

Kartika (কার্ত্তিক) is the seventh month of the Bengali Calendar. It begins in mid-October of the Gregorian calendar. It marks the start of the dry season (হেমন্ত Hemôntô).

Etymology

The name of the month is derived from the name of the star Krittika (কৃত্তিকা).

Tamil calendar

Kārttikai (கார்த்திகை, /kɑːrt̪iɡəj/) is the eighth month of the Tamil calendar used by Tamils across the world. It corresponds to November/December in the Gregorian calendar. It begins when the sun enters the sign of Scorpio. Many festivals, such as Karthikai Deepam, are celebrated in this month. The name of the month is derived from a star, kārttikai (கார்த்திகை).

Festivals

Several major religious holidays take place in Kartik month. Those are as follows:

  1. Balipratipada
  2. Govardhan Puja (Annakut),
  3. Bhai Dooj
  4. Kartik Poornima
  5. Sohrai
  6. Kartik Ekadashi
  7. Diwali (In Month of Ashwin in Gujarat)
  8. Nag Nathaiya in Varanasi
  9. Kartik puja in bengali tradition

The festival of Kartik Poornima (15th-day; Full Moon) falls in this month, celebrated as Dev Deepavali in Varanasi. This coincides with the nirvana of the Jain Tirthankara - Mahavira and the birth of the Sikh Guru Nanak, Guru Nanak Jayanti. And also, the well-known festival, for the god of Sabarimalai, Ayyappan's garland festival. This is also known as Tripuri Pournima.

Shukla Paksha Krishna Paksha
1. Prathama 1. Prathama
2. Dwitiya 2. Dwitiya
3. Tritiya 3. Tritiya
4. Chaturthi 4. Chaturthi
5. Panchami 5. Panchami
6. Shashti 6. Shashti
7. Saptami 7. Saptami
8. Ashtami 8. Ashtami
9. Navami 9. Navami
10. Dashami 10. Dashami
11. Ekadashi 11. Ekadashi
12. Dwadashi 12. Dwadashi
13. Thrayodashi 13. Thrayodashi
14. Chaturdashi 14. Chaturdashi
15. Purnima 15. Amavasya

The second day of first of Karthika, is also called Bharatrudwitiya (similar to Bhai Dooj), it is celebrated with sisters entertaining their brothers, following the legend of Yamuna, who entertained her brother Yama on the same day.[3]

Nag Nathaiya in Varanasi, which falls on fourth Tithi of Kartik's Shukla paksha (bright fortnight), is an ancient festival celebrating God Krishna's victory of good over evil, in which Kashi Naresh (the titular king of Varanasi), views the festivities from his royal boat.

See also

References

  1. Henderson, Helene. (Ed.) (2005) Holidays, festivals, and celebrations of the world dictionary Third edition. Electronic edition. Detroit: Omnigraphics, p. xxix. ISBN 0-7808-0982-3
  2. Hindu Calendar
  3. Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam (ed.). India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 78.

External links