Vijaya Dasa

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Vijaya Dasa
Vijaya Dasaru Katte with Mohan Dasaru.jpg
Shrine in honor of Vijaya Dasa
Born1682 CE
Died1755 CE
Present day Karnataka, India
OccupationSaint, Poet, philosopher, composer

Vijaya Dasa (Kannada: ವಿಜಯದಾಸ) (c. 1682– c. 1755) was a prominent saint from the Haridasa tradition of Karnataka, India in the 18th century, and a scholar of the Dvaita philosophical tradition. Along with contemporary haridasa saints such as Gopala Dasa, Helevankatte Giriamma, Jagannatha Dasa and Prasanna Venkata Dasa, he propagated the virtues of the philosophy of Madhwacharya across South India through devotional songs called devaranama written in the Kannada language.[1] An integral part of Kannada Vaishnava devotional literature, these compositions in praise of the Hindu god Vishnu are called dasara padagalu (compositions of the dasas).[2] These compositions can be more specifically categorized as keertanas, suladis,ugabhogas, and simply padas. They were easy to sing to the accompaniment of a musical instrument and dealt with bhakti (devotion) and the virtues of a pious life.[3]

Early years[edit]

Vijaya Dasa (Dasappa) was born in a poor Kannada Deshastha Brahmin family[4][5] in Cheekalaparvi in Manvi taluk of Raichur district, Karnataka state. His parents were Srinivasappa and Kusamma. He left home at a young age due to poverty. Later he came back with some saints from north India to Cheekalaparvi and some how tried to manage his family but failed to overcome poverty. He went back to Varanasi where he became a scholar. One night, he had a dream in which the 16th century Carnatic composer and wandering saint Purandara Dasa initiated him into the Haridasa tradition and gave him the ankita nama(nom de plume) Vijaya Vittala and a Tamboori (Tanpur, musical instrument). From that day he was called Vijaya Dasa (dasa lit, slave to God), and dedicated his life to spreading Dvaita teachings.[1]

Compositions and ministry[edit]

His 25,000 extant compositions earned him the title Dasa Shrestha (noble among the dasas). His compositions which use many Sanskrit words come under the category of Kalasha and Urasu creations and are considered an important component of Kannada literature (Kannada Sahitya).[6] His purported miracles include calming the Ganges, entering it without getting wet, preventing a woman from committing suicide, resurrecting his son, and making an uneducated man speak difficult Sanskrit proficiently.[6] He is among the group credited with starting the practice of singing devotional songs while walking up the Tirumala hills in modern Andhra Pradesh. These hills are the location of the Tirumala Venkateswara Temple, an important pilgrim locations for Vaishnava Hindus.[7]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Rao, Madhusudan C.R. "Sri Vijaya DasaRu". Haridasas of Karnataka. Retrieved 14 June 2007., p1
  2. Narasimhacharya (1988), p25
  3. Kamat, Jyotsna. "Jaina, Veerashaiva and Brahmanical Epics". History of Kannada literature. Kamat's Potpourri. Retrieved 14 June 2007.
  4. Pran Nath Chopra (1982). Religions and Communities of India. East-West Publications. p. 54. ISBN 9780856920813.
  5. "The Illustrated Weekly of India - Volume 95, Part 4". Bennett, Coleman & Company. 1974. p. 30. {{cite magazine}}: Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)
  6. 6.0 6.1 Rao, Madhusudan C.R. "Sri Vijaya Dasa". Haridasas of Karnataka. Retrieved 14 June 2007., p2
  7. Staff correspondent (24 January 2005). "Metlotsavam' begins today". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Archived from the original on 2 March 2005. Retrieved 14 June 2007., p2


  • Sri Vijayadasara Seva Trust. "Sri Vijaya Dasara Seva Trust". Official Chippagiri Sri Vijayadasara Seva Trust. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  • Rao, Madhusudana. "Sri Vijaya Dasaru". Haridasas of Karnataka. Retrieved 14 June 2007.
  • R. Narasimhacharya, History of Kannada Literature, 1988, Asian Educational Services, New Delhi, Madras,1988 ISBN 81-206-0303-6.
  • Hrishikesh. "Sri Vijaya Dasaru". Vijaya Dasaru Life. Retrieved 7 March 2011.

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