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God of Customs; Protector of Mares, Stallions and Milky Way, Wealth
Member of Adityas
AffiliationAdityas, Deva
TextsVedas, Upanishads
ParentsAditi and Kashyapa

Aryaman (Sanskrit: अर्यमन्‌, romanized: Āryaman) is one of the early Vedic Hindu deities.[1] His name signifies "Life-Partner", "close friend", "Partner", "play-fellow" or "companion".[2] He is the third son of Kashyapa and Aditi, the father and mother of the adityas, and is depicted as the mid-morning sun disc. He is the deity of customs, and rules over the customs that rule the various Vedic tribes and peoples.[3]

In the Rigveda, Aryaman is described as the protector of mares and stallions, and the Milky Way (aryamṇáḥ pánthāḥ) is said to be his path.[2] Aryaman is commonly invoked together with Varuna-Mitra, Bhaga, Bṛhaspati, and other adityas and asuras.[2]

According to Griffith, the Rigveda also suggests that Aryaman is a supreme deity alongside Mitra and Varuna.[4] According to the Rigveda, Indra, who is traditionally considered the most important deity in the Rigveda, is asked to obtain boons and gifts from Aryaman.[5] Hindu marriage oaths are administered with an invocation to Aryaman being the witness to the event.[6][7][3] Aryaman also is the deity of the customs of hospitality.[3]

See also


  1. Arthur Berriedale Keith (1989). The Religion and Philosophy of the Veda and Upanishads. Motilal Banarsidass Publishe. pp. 99–. ISBN 978-81-208-0645-0.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Monier-Williams Sanskrit Dictionary
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Stephanie Jamison (2015). The Rigveda –– Earliest Religious Poetry of India. Oxford University Press. p. 44. ISBN 978-0190633394.
  4. (The Hymns of the Rig Veda)
  5. Veda Book 4 Hymn 30)[permanent dead link]
  6. वैदिक विवाह और विवाहित जीवन (Vedic weddings and married life), रामशरण वशिष्ठ, ... १४-२-१३--मेरी इस शुभ नारी को धाता प्रजा दे । इसे अर्यमन, मग, अश्विन, प्रजापति, सब प्रजा वाली करें। इसकी संतान बढ़े। ...
  7. हिन्दी कथा-कोष: प्राचीन हिन्दी साहित्य में व्यवहारता नामों तथा पौराणिक अंतरकथाओं का संदर्भ ग्रन्थ (Hindi Myth Treasury), धीरेन्द्र वर्मा, हिन्दुस्तानी एकेडमी, 1974, ... अर्यमन - १. एक वैदिक देवता जो विश्वदेवों में से एक हैं। २. कश्यप तथा अदिति के पुत्र पितृगण में प्रमुख हैं। ३. द्वादह आदित्यों में से एक जो वैशाख मास में उदय होते हैं और जिनकी किरणों की संख्या ३०० मानी जाती है।