Second Battle of Katwa

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Second Battle of Katwa
Part of Fifth Maratha invasion of Bengal
DateDecember 1745[1]
Location
Result

Bengal victory[1]

Belligerents

Flag of the Principality of Bengal (15th-18th century).svg Bengal Subah

Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Maratha Empire

  • Nagpur State
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the Principality of Bengal (15th-18th century).svg Alivardi Khan Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Raghuji Bhonsale
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Sheshrao Pant
Strength
Flag of the Principality of Bengal (15th-18th century).svg 2,500 cavalry Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg 20,000 cavalry
Casualties and losses
Flag of the Principality of Bengal (15th-18th century).svg unknown Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg unknown

Template:Campaignbox Later Mughal-Maratha Wars

The Second Battle of Katwa occurred between the Bengal and Maratha Empire in December 1745. After the defeats of the Marathas in the first four invasions of Bengal (see Maratha invasions of Bengal), the Maratha General and ruler of Nagpur, Raghuji Bhonsle again invaded the territory of Bengal. Bhonsle, with 20,000 horsemen attacked the civilians of Murshidabad and moved onwards to Katwa.[2] However he was repeatedly ambushed by peasant guerillas and militias in Birbhum and near Durgapur, and thus his column was thinned considerably. The Marathas met Alivardi Khan's army in Katwa where the battle started. During the battle, most of the Marathas were slaughtered and the remaining Maratha soldiers under Raghuji Bhonsle retreated from Katwa. The Marathas then retreated towards Medinipur. The battle was a victory for Alivardi Khan who had once again ousted the Marathas from East Bengal. After this battle, Alivardi Khan was known in Bengal as "Maratha-khuni" which translates to "Maratha-killer" in Bengali.[1]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 ড. মুহম্মদ আব্দুর রহিম. বাংলাদেশের ইতিহাস. আলীবর্দী ও মারাঠা আক্রমণ. পৃ. ২৯৬.
  2. Jacques, Tony. Dictionary of Battles and Sieges. Greenwood Press. p. 516. ISBN 978-0-313-33536-5. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015.