Second Battle of Katwa

From Bharatpedia, an open encyclopedia
Information red.svg
Scan the QR code to donate via UPI
Dear reader, We need your support to keep the flame of knowledge burning bright! Our hosting server bill is due on June 1st, and without your help, Bharatpedia faces the risk of shutdown. We've come a long way together in exploring and celebrating our rich heritage. Now, let's unite to ensure Bharatpedia continues to be a beacon of knowledge for generations to come. Every contribution, big or small, makes a difference. Together, let's preserve and share the essence of Bharat.

Thank you for being part of the Bharatpedia family!
Please scan the QR code on the right click here to donate.



transparency: ₹0 raised out of ₹100,000 (0 supporter)

Second Battle of Katwa
Part of Fifth Maratha invasion of Bengal
DateDecember 1745[1]

Bengal victory[1]


Flag of the Principality of Bengal (15th-18th century).svg Bengal Subah

Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Maratha Empire

  • Nagpur State
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the Principality of Bengal (15th-18th century).svg Alivardi Khan Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Raghuji Bhonsale
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Sheshrao Pant
Flag of the Principality of Bengal (15th-18th century).svg 2,500 cavalry Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg 20,000 cavalry
Casualties and losses
Flag of the Principality of Bengal (15th-18th century).svg unknown Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg unknown

Template:Campaignbox Later Mughal-Maratha Wars

The Second Battle of Katwa occurred between the Bengal and Maratha Empire in December 1745. After the defeats of the Marathas in the first four invasions of Bengal (see Maratha invasions of Bengal), the Maratha General and ruler of Nagpur, Raghuji Bhonsle again invaded the territory of Bengal. Bhonsle, with 20,000 horsemen attacked the civilians of Murshidabad and moved onwards to Katwa.[2] However he was repeatedly ambushed by peasant guerillas and militias in Birbhum and near Durgapur, and thus his column was thinned considerably. The Marathas met Alivardi Khan's army in Katwa where the battle started. During the battle, most of the Marathas were slaughtered and the remaining Maratha soldiers under Raghuji Bhonsle retreated from Katwa. The Marathas then retreated towards Medinipur. The battle was a victory for Alivardi Khan who had once again ousted the Marathas from East Bengal. After this battle, Alivardi Khan was known in Bengal as "Maratha-khuni" which translates to "Maratha-killer" in Bengali.[1]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 ড. মুহম্মদ আব্দুর রহিম. বাংলাদেশের ইতিহাস. আলীবর্দী ও মারাঠা আক্রমণ. পৃ. ২৯৬.
  2. Jacques, Tony. Dictionary of Battles and Sieges. Greenwood Press. p. 516. ISBN 978-0-313-33536-5. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015.