Rajgad Fort

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Rajgad Fort
Part of on Maharashtra
Pune District, Maharashtra
Rajgad Fort is located in Maharashtra
Rajgad Fort
Rajgad Fort
Shown within Maharashtra
Rajgad Fort is located in India
Rajgad Fort
Rajgad Fort
Rajgad Fort (India)
Coordinates18°14′48″N 73°40′56″E / 18.2467°N 73.6823°E / 18.2467; 73.6823Coordinates: 18°14′48″N 73°40′56″E / 18.2467°N 73.6823°E / 18.2467; 73.6823
TypeHill fort
Height1376 m
Site information
Open to
the public
Site history
ArchitectChhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj

Rajgad (literal meaning Ruling Fort) is a Hill region fort situated in the Pune district of Maharashtra, India. Formerly known as Murumdev, the fort was the first capital of the Maratha Empire under the rule of Chhatrapati Shivaji for almost 26 years, after which the capital was moved to the Raigad Fort.[1] Treasures discovered from an adjacent fort called Torna were used to completely build and fortify the Rajgad Fort.[citation needed]

The Rajgad Fort is located around 60 km (37 mi) to the south-west of Pune and about 15 km (9.3 mi) west of Nasrapur in the Sahyadris range. The fort lies 1,376 m (4,514 ft) above the sea level. The diameter of the base of the fort was about 40 km (25 mi) which made it difficult to lay siege on it, which added to its strategic value. The fort's ruins consist of palaces, water cisterns, and caves. This fort was built on a hill called Murumbadevi Dongar (Mountain of the Goddess Murumba). Rajgad boasts of the highest number of days stayed by Shivaji on any fort.[citation needed]


The fort has stood witness to many significant historic events including the birth of Chhatrapati Shivaji's son Rajaram I, the death of Chhatrapati Shivaji's wife Saibai, the return of Shivaji from Agra, the burial of Afzal Khan's head in the Mahadarwaja walls of Balle Killa, the strict words of Sonopant Dabir to Shivaji.[citation needed]

The Rajgad Fort was also one of the 12 forts that Shivaji kept when he signed the Treaty of Purandar in 1665, with the Mughal general Jai Singh I, leader of the Mughal forces. Under this treaty, 23 forts were handed over to the Mughals.[2]

List of chronological events

Year Date Event
1490 Ahmed Bahiri Nizamshah captured the fort.
1626 During the Nizam's last struggle, Adilshah captured the fort.
1630 The fort was recaptured by Nizamshah with the help of Shahaji.
1642 The fort was in the jagir of Shahaji Raje.
1647 Shivaji captured the fort.
1649 Repairs on the fort began and Shamrao Neelkanth Ranzekar was appointed as the Peshwa.
1654 The fort was renamed as "Rajgad". Construction on new fortifications and buildings commenced.
1658 14 January Shivaji returned to Rajgad after conquering North Konkan.
1659 11 July Shivaji shifted to Pratapgad in order to battle with Afzal Khan.
1659 5 September Maharani Saibai (Shivaji's wife) died in the Rajgad Fort.
1660 July Shivaji escaped from Siddi Jouhar's siege of Panhala and came to Rajgad.
1661 July The idol of Bhavanimata, which was to be established in Pratapgad, was first brought to Rajgad to be inspected by Jijabai.
1662 January The construction of the Rajgad fort was completed and Shivaji returned to the fort after capturing Pen and Kalyan.
1664 February The booty of Surat was brought to Rajgad.
1665 30 April The Mughals were unsuccessful on their attack of the fort.
1665 June Shivaji's letter of accepting defeat was sent to Jaisingh.
1670 24 February Rajaram was born on the Fort.
1671 The repairing of the fort began at an expected cost of 10,000 hons.
1674 6 June Coronation of Shivaji happened on Riagard Fort[citation needed]
1689 June The fort was captured by the Mughals after Sambhaji was murdered.
1692 Shankarji Narayan captured the fort from the Mughals.
1697 Rajaram returned to Maharashtra and made Rajgad his new capital[1]
1701 4 August Shahaji Mohite was made the havaldar of Padmavati Machi
1704 18 February The fort was handed over to Aurangzeb as part of a treaty. The fort was renamed to Nabishahagad. Sidojirao Thopte and Santaji Shilimkar were killed here by Aurangzeb.
1707 29 May Gunaji Sawant captured the fort and The Maratha War of Independence ended.
1709 Shahu made provisions for the repairs of the fort.
1818 The Rajgad Fort passed into the hands of the British.


The fort is a significant tourist destination and is most sought after especially during monsoon. Visitors prefer to stay overnight on the fort considering the fort itself is huge and cannot be explored in a single day. The Padmavati temple on the fort can accommodate around 50 people. Water tanks provide fresh water all throughout the year. Villagers from the foothills of Rajgad sell local antiques and items to these tourists.


See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Prof. A. R. Kulkarni (1 July 2008). "Rajgad: The first capital of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj". Medieval Maratha Country. Diamond Publications. ISBN 978-81-8483-072-9.
  2. "Rajgarh Fort History". Travelomy. Retrieved 8 February 2012.

External links