Bhagwa Dhwaj

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Bhagwa Dhwaj
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg
UseReligious symbol for Hindus. An irregular orange-colored pentagonal shape
Proportion2:3 Template:FIAV

The Bhagwa Dhwaj (Marathi: भगवा ध्वज, romanized: Bhagwā Dhwaj, lit. 'Bhagwa (Saffron) flag') also called as Kesariya flag (Hindustani pronunciation: [Kesariyā Patākā], lit. 'Saffron flag')[1] is a saffron color flag that served as the flag of the Maratha Empire, "it is swallow-tailed and of a deep saffron color emblematic of the followers of Mahādeva."[2] It was adopted as the emblem for the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and has been used as symbol of bravery and the ideology of Hindutva, mainly by Hindu nationalists.[3] double pennant, Triangle, or pennant - shaped saffron coloured flags with a tassels at its end also used by Hindus as Bhagwa Dhwaj. Sometimes it also uses Hindu religiouse symbols like Omkara, or Swastika at its center too.


Bhagwa colour flag, used by Hindus.

Bhagwa (or Saffron) is considered as the sacred and holy colour in Hinduism and is depicted as a symbol of bravery.[4] Though it is also considered as holy in Sikhism, especially by Khalsa Army.[lower-alpha 1]

In the medieval history, after the decline of Islamic rule in India and emergence of Maratha Empire there was a rise of Hindu nationalism and at that time the Bhagwa colour flag was adopted by Chhatrapati Shivaji.[6]



  1. Though Bhagwa is considered as sacred in Hinduism and same in Sikhism, but many Sikhs also debated that the colour of Sikhism is light-orange.[5]


  1. Gupta, Manju (2004). Hindu devī devatā (in हिन्दी). Star Publications. ISBN 978-81-7650-100-2.
  2. Lord Egerton of Tatton (18 January 2013) [1880]. Indian and Oriental Arms and Armour. Courier Dover Publications. pp. 171–. ISBN 978-0-486-14713-0.
  3. "Of Flags and Anthems: the Evolving Politics of Right-Wing Patriotism". The Wire. Retrieved 2021-05-20.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. "RSS explains importance of saffron flag". Free Press Journal. Retrieved 2021-05-20.
  5. "Sikh Religion - CRW Flags". crwflags. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
  6. जोशी 'शतायु', अनिरुद्ध. "हिन्दू धर्म में भगवा रंग ही क्यों, जानिए रहस्य.. | Hindu flag". (in हिन्दी). Retrieved 2021-05-20.