Music of Odisha

From Bharatpedia, an open encyclopedia
Music of India
A Lady Playing the Tanpura, ca. 1735.jpg
A lady playing the Tanpura, c. 1735 (Rajasthan)
Genres
Traditional

Modern

Media and performance
Music awards
Music festivals
Music media
Nationalistic and patriotic songs
National anthemJana Gana Mana
Regional music

Odisha is a state of India, one of the musical centres of South Asia. Travelling bards are a historic part of the country's Heritage. In the 11th century, Odissi music was codified into a classical style related to other styles of Indian classical music. It has been noted that the Odissi music is a type of ancient Indian classical music known as Odramagadhi music, different from the more famous Hindustani & Karnatik musics.[1]

Overview

Like Hindustani and Carnatic systems, Odissi music is a classical music and a part of Ancient magadhi music,[2][3] which all the essential as well as potential ingredients of Indian classical form. But it has not risen to prominence due to apathy from the time of British rule in Odisha.[4] Despite this, the traditional music form could be saved because of the supported efforts given by Jaga Akhadas of Puri district, who preserved its tradition. The music movement of Odisha, however, took a different turn after independence.


The tribal music is confined to the tribals living mainly in the hilly and jungle regions and sparsely in the coastal belt of Odisha. Odisha has the third largest concentration of tribes constituting about one fourth of the total population. They are distributed over 62 tribal communities.

Odisha has folk songs which are sung on different festivals and specific occasions for their own enjoyment. Folk music in general is the expression of the ethos and mores of the folk communities. Of the variety of folk music of Odisha, mention may be made of Geeta, Balipuja Geeta, Kela Keluni Geeta, Dalkhai Geeta, Kendra Geeta, Jaiphula Geeta, Ghumura Geeta, Ghoda Nacha and Danda Nacha Geeta, Gopal Ugala and Osa-Parva-Geeta.


References

Further reading

    • "Odisha Dance and music". 17 February 2021.