Indian New Year's days

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There are numerous days throughout the year celebrated as New Year's Day in the different regions of India. Observance is determined by whether the lunar calendar is being followed or the solar calendar. Those regions which follow the Solar calendar, the new year falls on Baisakhi in North and Central India, Rongali Bihu in Assam, Puthandu in Tamil Nadu, Vishu in Kerala, Pana Sankranti or Odia Nababarsa in Odisha and Poila Boishakh in Bengal in the month of the calendar, i.e., Vaishakha. Generally, this day falls during 14th or 15th of the month of April. Those following Lunar calendar consider the month of Chaitra (corresponding to March-April) as the first month of the year, so the new year is celebrated on the first day of this month like Ugadi in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka and Gudi Padwa in Maharashtra. Similarly, few regions in India consider the period between consecutive Sankarantis as one month and few others take the period between consecutive Purnimas as a month. In Gujarat the new year is celebrated as the day after Diwali. As per the Hindu Calendar, it falls on Shukla Paksha Pratipada in the Hindu month of Kartik. As per the Indian Calendar based on Lunar Cycle, Kartik is the first month of the year and the New Year in Gujarat falls on the first bright day of Kartik (Ekam). In other parts of India, New Year Celebrations begin in the spring.

Details

  • Hindu religious festivals are based on Vikram Samvat. Notwithstanding the Purnimanta scheme of months that is in use in North India, the New year in Vikram Samvat starts from the first day of Chaitra Shukla Paksha.[1]
  • In Gujarat and Rajasthan the next day after Diwali is celebrated as the first day of the Vikram Samvat calendar which is the first day of the month Kartik.[2]

Calendar view

Calendar Date Festival name Region / Communities / Religions[3]
Lunar varies, Mar/Apr Ugadi Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka
Lunar varies, Mar/Apr Gudhi Padwa Maharashtra, Goa
Lunar varies, Mar/Apr Navreh Kashmir
Lunar varies, Jun/Jul Ashadhi Bij Kutch
Lunar varies, Oct/Nov Balipratipada Gujarat, Rajasthan
Lunar varies, Mar/Apr Cheti Chand Sindhi
Lunar varies, Mar/Apr Chaitra Navaratri
(Hindu Lunar New Year)
North and Central India (Uttar Pradesh (Awadh, Braj, Bagelkhand), Madhya Pradesh (Bundelkhand, Malwa, Mahakoshal, Gird), Bihar (Bhojpur, Magadh), Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand)
Solar fixed, 13/14/15 April Mesha Sankranti/Vaisakhi
(Hindu Solar New Year)
North India (in Punjab, Haryana, Jammu, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarkhand (Garhwal and Kumaon), Nepalis (Sikkim, Darjeeling)
Solar fixed, 13/14/15 April Puthandu Tamil Nadu
Solar fixed, 13/14/15 April Vishu
(traditional)
Kerala
fixed, 17/18 August 1st Chingam
(Kollam era calendar)
Solar fixed, 14/15 April Bisu Parba Tulu Nadu
Lunar varies, Mar/Apr Sajibu Cheiraoba[4] Manipur
Solar fixed, 14/15 Apr Buisu Tripura
Solar fixed, 13/14/15 Apr Bwisagu Bodoland
Solar fixed, 13/14/15 April Bohag Bihu Assam
Solar fixed, 13/14 April Pana Sankranti Odisha
Solar fixed, 14/15 April Pahela Baishakh West Bengal and the wider Bengal region
Solar fixed, 13/14/15 April Jur Sital Mithila
Lunar varies, Dec Losoong/Namsoong Sikkim (Bhutia, Lepcha)
Lunar varies, Dec Galdan Namchot Ladakh
Lunar varies, Feb Losar Arunachal Pradesh (Monpa)
Lunar varies, Feb/Mar Gyalpo Lhosar Sikkim (Sherpa)
Lunar varies, Dec/Jan Tamu Lhosar Sikkim (Gurung)
Lunar varies, Jan/Feb Sonam Lhosar Sikkim (Tamang)
Solar fixed, 13/14 Apr Sangken Arunachal Pradesh (Khamti, Singpho, Khamyang, Tangsa), Assam (Tai Phake, Tai Aiton, Turung)
Solar fixed, 13/14 Apr Bizhu Chakma
Solar varies, 17, 18, 19 Aug[5] Pateti Parsis
Solar fixed, 21 March Nowruz[6][note 1] Zoroastrians

See also

Notes

  1. Mughal records state that Nowruz was celebrated in northwestern Indian subcontinent, but inconsistently. Some Mughal emperors favoring its celebration while others not participating because it was not sanctioned by Sharia. Aurangzeb banned its celebration in 1659, calling it "festival of fireworshippers" and the celebration as a "stupid act".[7]

References

  1. https://books.google.co.in/books?id=CQ8iAVwA-yEC&lpg=PA30&ots=F93n3A0L4F&dq=purnimanta%20calendar%20edu&pg=PA30#v=onepage&q=purnimanta&f=false
  2. https://books.google.co.in/books?id=CQ8iAVwA-yEC&lpg=PA30&ots=F93n3A0L4F&dq=purnimanta%20calendar%20edu&pg=PA32#v=onepage&q=gujarat&f=false
  3. Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books India. pp. 136–137. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6.
  4. Arambam Noni; Kangujam Sanatomba (2015). Colonialism and Resistance: Society and State in Manipur. Routledge. p. 249. ISBN 978-1-317-27066-9.
  5. "Navroz Mubarak: 6 Fascinating Facts About Parsi New Year!". newsworldindia.in. News World India. 20 March 2017. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  6. Jaisinghani, Bella (19 March 2017). "Irani New Year to be celebrated today and tomorrow". The Times of India. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  7. Stephen P. Blake (2013). Time in Early Modern Islam: Calendar, Ceremony, and Chronology in the Safavid, Mughal and Ottoman Empires. Cambridge University Press. pp. 89–91. ISBN 978-1-107-03023-7.

External links


Template:New Year by Calendar