Jur Sital

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Jur Sital
Maithili New Year
Observed byMaithils
SignificanceSolar New Year
CelebrationsFeasting, gifts
Date1st Baisakh (14 April)
Related toSouth and Southeast Asian solar New Year

Jur Sital or Maithili New Year is the celebration of the first day of the Maithili new year. Maithils eat bari with bhaat (steamed rice) today. This day which usually falls on 14 April on Gregorian calendar is celebrated by the Maithils in Mithila region of India and Nepal. This is also called Nirayana Mesh Sankranti and Tirhuta new year.[1] The festive occasion is in keeping with the Tirhuta Panchang calendar used in the Mithila region.

Origin and significance

The Maithili New Year follows the Nirayanam vernal equinox and falls on 30 April (may sometimes vary by a day) on the Gregorian year. 14 April marks the first day of the traditional Tirhuta Panchang.
Tropical vernal equinox fall around 22 March, and adding 23 degrees of trepidation or oscillation to it, we get the Hindu sidereal or Nirayana Mesha Sankranti (Sun's transition into Nirayana Aries).[2]

Hence, the Maithili calendar begins on the same date, with Baishakh as first month of the year. It is also observed by most traditional calendars in India as in Tamil Nadu, Assam, Bengal, Kerala, Manipur, Orissa, Punjab, Tripura and also in Nepal.[3]

Official significance

Maithili Calendar is the traditional Calendar of Mithila region of India and Nepal. After a long period of demand, Bihar government in 2011 declared this day as public holiday to be observed statewide. Officially, the Maithili New year day is called as Mithila Diwas by the Government of Bihar. Every year there will be holiday for Mithila Diwas on 14 April in the Indian State of Bihar on account of the great festival of Juir Sheetal.[4]


See also


  1. "MITHILA PANCHANG". Angelfire.com. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  2. Maithili Panchang, of Kameshwar Singh Darbhanga Sanskrit University Published from Darbhanga
  3. "Keeping Track of Time". Imsc.res.in. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  4. "India (Bihar) - bank and public holidays of the world - 1970-2070". Bank-holidays.com. Retrieved 15 January 2019.

External links

Template:New Year by Calendar