Konkani language

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कोंकणी, Konknni,ಕೊಂಕಣಿ, കൊങ്കണി
The word Konkani in Devanagari script

In other scripts:
Roman script: Konknni

Kannada script: ಕೊಂಕಣಿ (konkaṇi)
Malayalam script: കൊങ്കണി (konkaṇi)
Pronunciationkõkɵɳi (standard), kõkɳi (popular)
Native toIndia
RegionKonkan, includes the state of Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra and some parts of Kerala Konkani is also spoken in the United States, the United Kingdom, Kenya,[1] Uganda, Pakistan, Persian Gulf,[2] Portugal
Native speakers
2.3 million (2007)[3]
Devanagari (official),[4] Roman,[5] Kannada,[6] Malayalam and Arabic
Official status
Official language in
India Goa, India
Regulated byVarious academies and the Government of Goa[7]
Language codes
ISO 639-2kok
ISO 639-3kok – inclusive code
Individual codes:
gom – Goan Konkani
knn – Maharashtrian Konkani
Distribution of native Konkani speakers in India

Konkani is a language from India. Konkani belongs to Indo-Aryan family of languages. It is the official language of Goa, a state in India.

Some people from the part of India known as Konkan speak Konkani language. Konkan is on the west coast of India.

The name Konkani means "from the Konkan". The word Konkan means corner (kona) and piece/part of earth (kana). The name of the language comes from the place where it is spoken.

Writing systems

People write Konkani in many different scripts (writing systems or alphabets). People from different regions use different scripts. Hindu Konkani people from Goa and Maharashtra use Devanagari script. Konkani people from Karnataka use Kannada script. Christains in Goa use Roman script. Konkani Muslims use Arabic script. Konkani people from Kerala use Malayalam script. Devanagari is the official script.


  1. Whiteley, Wilfred Howell (1974). Language in Kenya. Oxford University Press,. p. 589.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  2. Kurzon, Denis (2004). Where East looks West: success in English in Goa and on the Konkan Coast Volume 125 of Multilingual matters. Multilingual Matters,. p. 158. ISBN 978-1-85359-673-5.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  3. Nationalencyklopedin "Världens 100 största språk 2007" The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007
  4. Devanagari has been promulgated as the official script.
  5. Roman script is not mandated as official script by law. However, an ordinance passed by the Government of Goa allows the use of Roman script for official communication.
  6. The use of Kannada script is not mandated by any law or ordinance. However, in the state of Karnataka, Konkani can be taught using the Kannada script instead of the Devanagari script.
  7. "The Goa Daman and Diu Official Language Act" (PDF). Government of India. Retrieved 5 March 2010.