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|Alternative names||Payasam, Payesh and Ksheeram|
|Place of origin||Indian Subcontinent|
|Region or state||India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal|
|Main ingredients||Rice, milk, sugar, cardamom, jaggery, saffron, pistachios or almonds|
|Variations||Barley kheer, Kaddu ki kheer, paal (milk), payasam, payesh, chhanar payesh (payesh made with chhana or paneer)|
|249 kcal kcal|
Kheer or Kheeri or Payesh, Payasam or Phirni (Hindi: खीर; Bengali: পায়েস; Odia: କ୍ଷୀରି; Sinhala: පායාසම්; Kannada: ಪಾಯಸ; Tamil: பாயசம்; Malayalam : പായസം, Nepali: खिर; Telugu: పాయసం; Punjabi: ਖੀਰ; Urdu: کھیر ) is a sweet dish and a type of wet pudding popular in the Indian subcontinent, usually made by boiling milk, sugar or jaggery, and rice, although rice may be substituted with one of the following: daals, bulgur wheat, millet, tapioca, vermicelli, or sweet corn. It is typically flavoured with desiccated coconut, cardamom, raisins, saffron, cashews, pistachios, almonds, or other dry fruits and nuts, and recently pseudograins are also gaining popularity. It is typically served as part of a multicourse meal, as a dessert.
According to the food historian K. T. Achaya, kheer or payas, as it is known in southern India, was a popular dish in ancient India. First mentioned in ancient Indian literature, it was a mixture of rice, milk and sugar, a formula that has endured for over two thousand years. Payas was also a staple Hindu temple food, in particular, and it is served as Prasāda to devotees.