Government of Delhi

From Bharatpedia, an open encyclopedia

Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi
Seal of the National Capital Territory of Delhi.svg
Seat of GovernmentNew Delhi
Legislative branch
Executive branch
Lieutenant GovernorVinai Kumar Saxena
Chief MinisterArvind Kejriwal
CourtDelhi High Court

The Government of Delhi, officially the Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD), governs the Union Territory of Delhi, whose urban area is the seat of the Government of India. It also governs the city or local governments in the area as per the 75th Constitutional Amendment Act.[1][2][3]

Union Territories are governed by the Union Government. There are a few exceptions, such as Delhi and Puducherry which also have their own elected governments with some limitations.[4]

Through the highly controversial GNCTD Amendment Act, 2021, the Union Government mandated primacy to the centrally appointed Lieutenant Governor and made the elected government subsidiary.[5]

Local governments

The local or city government is headed by the mayor. The Municipal Corporation of Delhi handled civic administration for the city, and had one mayor.[6]

The Municipal Corporation of Delhi was trifurcated into three bodies, the North Delhi Municipal Corporation, the South Delhi Municipal Corporation and the East Delhi Municipal Corporation in 2012.[7] This is why Delhi now has three mayors.[6]

The Delhi Cantonment Board is also a municipality that has jurisdiction in the city, since cantonment boards are municipalities as per the Cantonment Board Act 2006 and are under control of the Ministry of Defence.[8]

Government of NCT of Delhi

The Chief Minister and lieutenant Governor are the heads of the Government. The government consists of the legislative wing, i.e. the present Legislative Assembly of Delhi, which is unicameral, consisting of 70 members of the legislative assembly.


The Legislative Assembly of Delhi was first constituted on 17 March 1952 under the Government of Part C States Act, 1951, but it was abolished on 1 October 1956. Its legislative assembly was re-established in the year of 1993, after the Constitution (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991 came into force, followed by the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 2021 the Sixty-ninth Amendment to the Constitution of India, declared the Union Territory of Delhi to be formally known as National Capital Territory of Delhi.[9]

The first chief minister of Delhi was Ch. Braham Prakash (INC) and the first woman CM was Sushma Swaraj of BJP. Sheila Dikshit (INC) has been the chief minister for the maximum times (three) and oversaw immense development of the city during her tenure. Guru Radha Kishan (CPI) had the rare distinction of representing his constituency in the Municipal Corporation of Delhi for most years continuously by an individual and Ch. Prem Singh (INC) has won the maximum elections for different civic bodies in Delhi.


As per article 239AA of Indian Constitution, the number of ministers cannot exceed ten percent of Delhi assembly seats. Therefore, there can be a maximum of seven m Ministers (10% of 70 Delhi assembly seats).[10]

# Term Start Term End Name Departments and portfolios
01 14 February 2015 Incumbent Arvind Kejriwal Chief Minister, Water
02 14 February 2015 Incumbent Manish Sisodia

Deputy Chief Minister, Education, Women & Child, Finance, Planning, Land & Building, Vigilance, Services, Art, Culture & Languages, Tourism and all other departments not specifically assigned to any ministers

03 14 February 2015 Incumbent Satyendra Kumar Jain

Health, Power, Public Works Department, Industries, Urban Development, Home, Water

04 14 February 2015 Incumbent Gopal Rai

Development, Labour, Employment, Irrigation & Flood Control, General Administration Department

05 14 February 2015 Incumbent Imran Hussain

Election, Food and Supply

06 14 February 2015 Incumbent Rajendra Pal Gautam

Gurudwara Elections, SC & ST, Social Welfare, Cooperative

07 14 February 2015 Incumbent Kailash Gahlot

Administrative Reforms, Revenue, Forest & Wildlife, Environment, Transport, Information & Technology, Law, Justice & Legislative Affairs


Central government

The Lieutenant Governor of Delhi is appointed by the President of India.,[13] as agent of President and head of state like governor, on the advice of the Central government. This state government is called the Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (Government of NCT of Delhi or simply Government of Delhi). It consists of an executive, led by the Lieutenant Governor of Delhi, a judiciary and a legislature.

Central versus State

The Supreme Court of India in Government of NCT of Delhi v. Union of India ruled that according to the Article 239AA of the Indian constitution, that although the government had to keep him/her informed of its decisions, Delhi's lieutenant governor did not have any independent decision-making powers and had to follow the "aid and advice" of the chief minister-led council of ministers of the Government of Delhi on matters which the Delhi Legislative Assembly could legislate on, viz., all items on the State List (items on which only state legislatures can legislate) and the Concurrent List (items on which both the Parliament of India and the state legislatures can legislate) barring 'police, 'public order' and 'land'.[14][15][16][17][18][19] The court added that on matters referred to him/her, the LG was bound to follow the orders of the president.[16]


The Delhi High Court has jurisdiction over Delhi, which also has two types of lower courts: the Small Causes Court for civil cases, and the Sessions Court for criminal cases. Like other Union territories, the Delhi Police reports to the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India and not the government of NCT of Delhi. Headed by the Police Commissioner, it is one of the largest metropolitan police forces in the world.[20] The headquarters of Delhi Police are located Jai Singh Marg, Connaught Place, New Delhi.

See also


  1. Idiculla, Mathew (14 June 2018). "The missing tiers". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  2. "The Constitution (Seventy-fifth Amendment) Act, 1993| National Portal of India". Retrieved 25 October 2021.
  3. "Delhi assembly note on 69 amendment of act 1991 with new article 239 AA and 239 AB". delhi assembly. Retrieved 25 October 2021.
  4. "What is the difference between a state and a union territory?". India Today. 5 August 2019. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  5. President gives assent to Delhi Bill that gives primacy to L-G over govt, The Week, 28 March 2021.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Baffling situation of one city, three mayors". Hindustan Times. 19 April 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  7. "Department of Law, Justice & Legislative Affairs". 24 March 2017. Archived from the original on 24 March 2017. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  8. "The Cantonments Act, 2006" (PDF). 31 May 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 May 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  9. The Constitution (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991
  10. "Special provisions with respect to Delhi".
  11. "Six Ministers sworn in". The Hindu. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
  12. "Arvind Kejriwal's cabinet". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
  13. "The Constitution of India" (PDF).
  14. Roy, Shreyashi (4 July 2018). "Can Statehood for Delhi Solve the LG vs AAP Power Tussle?". The Quint. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  15. Rajagopal, Krishnadas; Singh, Soibam Rocky (4 July 2018). "Lieutenant Governor bound by 'aid and advice' of elected Delhi govt., rules Supreme Court". The Hindu. New Delhi: N. Ram. ISSN 0971-751X. OCLC 13119119. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  16. 16.0 16.1 Mustafa, Faizan (5 July 2018). "Delhi power tussle: Between the Supreme Court's lines". The Indian Express. New Delhi: Indian Express Group. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  17. "Supreme Court to Delhi LG: Don't play decision-maker or obstructionist". The Telegraph. TT Bureau. Agencies. 4 July 2018. OCLC 271717941. Retrieved 24 September 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  18. Prakash, Satya (4 July 2018). "SC verdict on power tussle in Delhi explained". The Tribune. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  19. "Supreme Court verdict on AAP government vs Delhi LG: Key points". The Times of India. Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. 4 July 2018. OCLC 23379369. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  20. "History of Delhi Police". Delhi Police Headquarters, New Delhi, India. Archived from the original on 7 December 2006.

External links