Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Red Star

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Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Red Star
AbbreviationCPIML (Red Star)
General SecretaryK.N Ramchandran
Split fromCommunist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Class Struggle
HeadquartersC-141, Sainik Nagar New Delhi-110059, India
NewspaperRed Star
Student wingAll India Revolutionary Students Organisation
Youth wingRevolutionary Youth Federation of India
Women's wingAll India Revolutionary Women Organisation
Labour wingTrade Union Centre of India
Peasant's wingAll India Krantikari Kisan Sabha
Mao Zedong Thought
Political positionFar-Left
International affiliationICOR[1]
ECI StatusRegistered-Unrecognized
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The Communist Party of India (Marxist Leninist) Red Star  (in brief CPI (ML) Red Star) was formed in 2009 merging with various factions of CPI (ML), following the Bhopal Special Conference in 2009. with K N Ramachandran as the General Secretary, who has been reelected to the post in the 9th, 10th and 11th Congresses of the Party, which were held in 2011 at Bhubaneswar (Odisha) in 2015 at Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh) & 2018 at Bengaluru (Karnataka) 5respectively.[2][3][4][5]


Following the first split in CPI and emergence of CPI (M) in 1964, the inner party struggle continued leading to the Naxalbari Uprising in 1967 and formation of CPI (ML) in 1969 followed by the 1970 Congress (Eighth Congress of the Communist Movement in India).[6]

CPI (ML) Red Star was formed as a split group of the CPIML formed in 1969 by Charu Majumdar. The Red Star party was formed by the merger of various fraction of CPI (ML) on 2009 by the 9th Congress at Bhubaneswar. K.N Ramchandran is General Secretary since the very inception of this party. Since 2009 three party congress (9th, 10 th, 11 th) was held. The last Congress (11th Congress) was held in Bangalore and KN Ramchandran again elected as GS of this party.

Role in Bhangor Movement

In West Bengal this party gained momentum in participation in Bhangor against an ongoing power station project.[7] Although many of its members were arrested including women-wing leader Sharmishtha Chowdhury the movement still continued.[8] Bhangor protesters led by Red Star leader Alik Chakraborty won five seats[9] in Polerhat-2 rural poll despite heavy obstacles from the ruling party including blocking nominations[10] and rigging.[11]


  1. "Comrade K N Ramachandran, CPI (ML) Red Star, India to ICOR 10 years".
  2. Sanyal, Ram Bramha (1896). Hours with nature / by Rambramha Sanyal. [Calcutta]: S. K. Lahiri and Co. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.23409.
  3. Red Star. From the 8th Party Congress of the CPI(ML) in 1970 to 9th Congress in 2011 - an overview of developments
  4. The Hindu. CPI(ML) unity breaks down
  5. "CPI(ML) Red Star - History".
  6. "Charu Majumdar -- the Father of Naxalism". 9 May 2003.
  7. Nagchoudhury, Subrata. "The little-known Red Star party is making its mark in Bengal with the Bhangar land stir".
  8. "Bhangor clash: CPI(ML) Red Star member arrested". 26 January 2017.
  9. "Five 'WhatsApp candidates' win in Bengal panchayat elections - Times of India". The Times of India.
  10. "» Unprecedented move by the High Court: Bhangor candidates allowed to file nomination via WhatsApp". 24 April 2018.
  11. "Panchayat Poll Clashes in Bengal's Bhangar Kills Independent Candidate Supporter". News18. 11 May 2018.

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