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Bengali Brahmos are those who adhere to Brahmoism, the philosophy of Brahmo Samaj which was founded by Raja Rammohan Roy. A recent publication describes the disproportionate influence of Brahmos on India's development post-19th Century as unparalleled in recent times.
- When is a Brahmo not a Brahmo Samajist?
One aspect of Brahmoism is recognition that not only explicit faith and worship makes for a Brahmo, but also genealogy, which is implicit. People with even a single Brahmo parent or a Brahmo guardian are treated as Brahmos until they absolutely renounce the Brahmo faith. This often causes tension within the Samaj, for example, when an offspring of a Brahmo follows communism or atheism or another religious belief without renouncing Brahmoism formally. There are differing views between the Theist and Deist streams of Brahmoism on the retention of such people within the fold. Additionally, a Brahmo who opts not to subscribe to membership of a Brahmo Samaj remains a Brahmo but ceases to be a Brahmo Samajist.
People associated with Brahmo Samaj
- Sasipada Banerji (1840–1924), Social reformer.
- Amiya Charan Banerjee (1891–1968), Vice Chancellor of Allahabad University.
- Probha Banerji, first lady magistrate of India.
- Nikhil Chakravarty, Founder-Editor, Mainstream Weekly.
- Sumit Chakravarty, Editor, Mainstream Weekly.
- Uma Shehanobis (née Chakrabarty), Principal, Patha Bhavan, Calcutta.
- Aghorenath Chattopadhyay, Principal, Nizam's College, Hyderabad.
- Sarojini Naidu (1879–1949), Politician.
- Suhasini Chattopadhyay, Indian freedom fighter.
- Virendranath Chattopadhyaya (1880–1937), Indian nationalist.
- Harindranath Chattopadhyaya (1898–1990), Padma Bhushan, Member of Parliament, Vijayawada.
- Kamaladevi Chattopadhyaya, Padma Vibhushan, Social reformer.
- Krishna Chattopadhyay (1935–2009), Singer.
- Rajnarayan Basu, Writer and intellectual of the Bengal Renaissance.
- Girindrasekhar Bose, Psychoanalyst.
- Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose (1858–1937), Polymath who was Professor of Physics, Presidency College, Calcutta.
- Lady Abala Bose (1864–1951), Social reformer who founded the Nari Sikhshya Samities.
- Anandamohan Bose (1847–1906) (brother-in-law of Sir J.C. Bose and paternal uncle of D.M. Bose), Co-founder of Indian National Association; first Indian Wrangler at Cambridge University.
- Bhuban Mohan Das
- Durga Mohan Das (1841–1897), Social reformer.
- Rakhal Chandra Das
- Beni Madhab Das (1866–1952), Social reformer.
- Bina Das (1911–1986), Member, West Bengal Legislative Assembly, 1947–51.
- Arun Kumar Das, FRCS (Eng. & Edin.) (1924–2015), Orthopedist; Professor, NRS Medical College and Hospital, Calcutta.
- Brajendranath Dey, Esq., ICS (1852–1932), Bar-at-Law, Commissioner (Actg.) of Burdwan.
- Hemnalini Mitra (nee Dey)
- Saroj Nalini Dutt (née Dey), M.B.E., (1887–1925), Social reformer.
- Hemanta Kumar Dey, Esq., Bar-at-Law, Presidency Magistrate, Calcutta.
- Lieutenant Colonel Jyotish Chandra Dey, (son-in-law), I.M.S., 2nd Indian Principal of Calcutta Medical College.
- Major (Hon.) Basanta Kumar De (1897–1975), 2nd Indian Commercial Traffic Manager, Bengal Nagpur Railway.
- Nirmalnalini Dutta (nee Dey)
- Nandita Mitra (nee Dutta) (1935-2007), First-Principal of Patha Bhavan, Kolkata.
- Romesh Chandra Dutta (1848–1908), C.I.E., Dewan of Baroda.
- Dwarkanath Ganguly (1844–1898), Social reformer.
- Kadambini Ganguly (1861–1923), First female medical graduate in South Asia.
- Bijoy Krishna Goswami (1841–1899), Social reformer, Brahmo Acharya
- Behari Lal Gupta, ICS, (1849–1916), Dewan of Baroda.
- Sir Krishna Govinda Gupta, ICS, Member of the Secretary of States Council in London.
- Gurucharan Mahalanobis, President and Treasurer of Brahmo Samaj.
- Subodh Chandra Mahalanobis, Founder of the Physiology Department of Presidency College, Calcutta; 1st Indian Head of Department of Physiology, University of Cardiff.
- Prabodh Chandra Mahalanobis.
- Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, F.R.S., pioneer statistician and teacher of statistics, Member, 1st Planning Commission of India.
- Peary Chand Mitra (1814–1883), Deputy Librarian, Calcutta Public Library.
- Kishori Chand Mitra (1822–1873), Police Magistrate.
- Anupam Chandra Moitra, Geologist.
- Anil Kumar Moitra, Indian Iron and Steel Company Ltd.
- Nibaran Chandra Mukherjee, Social reformer.
- Basanti Dulal Nag Chaudhuri, Physicist; Vice Chancellor, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.
- Bipin Chandra Pal (1858–1932), Indian nationalist leader.
- Ila Palchaudhuri, Member of Parliament, Nabadwip, 1957.
- Amitabha Palchaudhuri, Chairman, Bengal National Chamber of Commerce and Industry (BNCCI).
- Anik Palchaudhuri, Vice Chairman and Managing Director, Gulma Mohorgong Tea Estate.
- Saradaranjan Ray, Principal, Metropolitan Institution (later Vidyasagar College)
- Upendrakishore Ray Chowdhury (Kamadaranjan Ray) (1863–1915), Litreteur and entrepreneur.
- Pramadaranjan Ray, Office of the Surveyor General of India
- Pratap Chandra Roy
- Prasanna Kumar Roy (1849–1932), Educationist.
- Sarala Roy (1859–1946), Educationist.
- Charulata Mukherjee (née Roy), Social reformer.
- Trailokyanath Sanyal (1848–1950), Social reformer.
- Susobhan Sarkar (1900–1982), Professor of History, Presidency College, Calcutta.
- Bhupati Mohan Sen, Wrangler, Smith's Prize-man, 2nd Indian Principal of Presidency College, Calcutta, (son-in-law of Sir Nilratan Sircar)
- Monishi Mohan Sen (1920-2019), ICS Officer
- Subrata Kumar Sen (1924–2016), MIT Graduate, Electrical Engineering
- Keshub Chandra Sen (1838–1884), Religious reformer & founder of the Nababidhan Brahmo Samaj.
- Suniti Devi (1864–1932), Maharani of Coochbehar & founder of Sammilan Brahmo Samaj.
- Sucharu Devi (1874–1961), Maharani of Mayurbhanj.
- Saral Chandra Sen, Bar-at-Law
- Pramathalal Sen (1866–1930) (nephew of Keshub Chandra Sen), Social reformer.
- Benoyendranath Sen (1868–1913) (nephew of Keshub Chandra Sen), Social reformer and leader of the New Dispensation.
- Abhijit Sen, Proprietor, Sen and Pandit Co. Ltd.
- Kshitimohan Sen (1880–1960), 2nd Vice Chancellor of Visva Bharati, Santiniketan.
- Barrister Kumud Nath Sen
- P.K. Sengupta, Income Tax Commissioner.
- K.P. Sen, Post-Master General, Eastern India.
- Malati Choudhury (née Sen), Social Worker.
- Nitish Chandra Sen, Mayor of Calcutta.
- Kamini Roy (née Sen) (1864–1933), Social reformer and poet.
Baron Sinha family
- Satyendra Prasanno Sinha, 1st Baron Sinha (1863–1923), Politician.
- Debendranath Tagore (1817–1905), Social reformer.
- Satyendranath Tagore (1842–1923), First Indian ICS officer, (1863).
- Jnanadanandini Devi (1850–1941), Social reformer.
- Hemendranath Tagore (1844–1884), Religious savant, founder of Adi Dharm development of Brahmoism.
- Rabindranath Tagore (1861–1941), Bengali poet and Nobel laureate in Literature
- Swarnakumari Devi (1855–1932), Noted Bengali poet, novelist, musician and social worker.
- Sir Nilratan Sircar(1861–1943), famous doctor, swadeshi entrepreneur, educationist, philanthropist, Vice-Chancellor of Calcutta University
- Heramba Chandra Maitra, famous educationist after whom Heramba Chandra College is named
- Sir Nalini Ranjan Chatterjee, Judge of the High Court of Calcutta.
- Kalinath Bose, first Indian Superintendent of Police.
- Kiran Chandra De, ICS, Commissioner, Chittagong.
- Sib Chandra Deb, Deputy Collector in Bengal.
- Umesh Chandra Dutta, Founder of the Harinavi Brahmo Samaj.
- Sucheta Kriplani, First woman Chief Minister of an Indian State.
- Sir Brojendra Lal Mitter, Advocate General of Bengal.
- Harish Chandra Mukherjee, Journalist.
- Girish Chandra Sen, Translated the Quran into Bengali.
- Sir Nripendra Nath Sircar, Advocate General of Bengal.
- Shree Suresh Chandra Roy, Padma Bhushan, Sheriff of Calcutta (1957, 1958).
-  Sivnath Shastri (1847-1919), Poet and Social Reformer
- Roy, Samaren (2005). Calcutta: Society and Change 1690–1990. iUniverse. ISBN 978-0-595-79000-5: Fair use of extract vide section 52(1)(f) of Indian Copyright Act, 1957
- "DELHI BRAHMO SAMAJ". brahmo.org. Archived from the original on 2010-12-29. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
- "Mainstream Weekly". www.mainstreamweekly.net.
- "SEN FAMILY". members.iinet.net.au. Archived from the original on 2019-03-23. Retrieved 2017-03-15.
- "Tagore Family".