Tabla Samrat Pandit Anokhelal Mishra
Benares, United Provinces, British India
|Origin||Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India|
|Genres||Hindustani Classical Music (Banaras Gharana)|
|Occupation(s)||Classical musician, Music teacher|
Anokhelal Mishra (Hindi: अनोखेलाल मिश्रा; 1914 – 10 March 1958) — also spelled as Anokhe Lal Misra and commonly known as Pandit Anokhelalji — was an Indian Tablā Artist who belonged to the Banaras Gharana of Hindustani classical music.
Anokhelal was born in a very poor family of Kashi (Banaras), now known as Varanasi (State – Uttar Pradesh). Anokhelal learnt tabla under Bhairow Prasad Mishra (Bhairow is also spelled as Bhairav or Bhairon). Bhairow prasad Mishra detected his talent and enrolled him as a student of the Tabla in the Banaras Gharana of Ram Sahaiji at the age of 5 or 6 years. Anokhelal Learnt Tabla for about 15 years from Bhairow Prasad Mishra. Bhairow Prasad Mishra was disciple of Bhagat-ji. Bhagat-ji was disciple of Ram Sahai, the founder of The Banaras-Bāj (aka Banaras Gharana). According to The Banaras Bāj-The Tablā Tradition of a North Indian City by David Roach, Anokhelal was the most famous disciple of Bhairav Prasad Mishra among Maulvi Ram Mishra, Mahavir Bhatt, Mahadev Prasad Mishra, Anokhelal Mishra, and Nageshvar Prasad.
He lost his parents as teenager. After that he was brought up by his grandmother. As a child, Anokhelal had to suffer poverty and deprivation.
Anokhelal put in unremitting riyaaz (practice) under the guidance of Guruji (Master), which went on for hours together, every day.
He was called the Jadugar (wizard) of ' Na Dhin Dhin Na ' (theka of Teen Taal- 16beats) and ' Dhere Dhere Kite Taka ' (particular tabla syllables). He used to play these and many more syllables with clarity even at extreme speed. He was skilled at fast playing ' Na Dhin Dhin Na ' with his 1st finger.
Pandit Anokhelal was a soloist as well as an accompanist. Anokhelal performed a number of solo concerts during his career and also gave 'Sangat' (accompany) to many famous musicians and classical dancers. Some of them are Ustad Allauddin Khan, Ustad Vilayat Khan, Ustad Ali Akbar Khan, etc.
Within his short span of life he performed regularly, throughout India. At a time, when performing in the 'National Programme of Music' on All India Radio was a matter of prestige, Pandit Anokhelal figured in the same, a number of times. In the late 1950s (after 1950), his programmes were broadcast by the Voice of America as well.
Legacy and critical acclaim
He is also known as the Samrat (king) of Tabla Playing. All together he is known as Tabla Samrat Pandit Anokhelal Mishra. According to many, Anokhelal goes the credit of making the audience familiar with the Banaras style of Tabla.
His Disciple Chandra Nath Shastri has written about Pandit Anokhelal Mishra in his web article:
Tabla Player Pandit Samta Prasad Mishra said in an interview that:
- " I am playing only one fourth of Pandit Anokhe Lal Mishra's style and they glorify my name. In the next life I will produce half of his sound quality, then they will really be floored!"
Tabla Player Sadanand Naimpalli written in his book about Anokhelal. He said:
- "Apart from his skills as an accompanist, his Solo-recitals were also proof of his excellent Taiyaari and tonal sweetness."
Nature and personality
He used to maintain a sober and normal life profile rather than showing off and behaving like a celebrity. He never publicised himself of what he was.
Anokhelal trained many musicians of India. Ramji Mishra, Mahapurush Misra, Ishwarlal Mishra (alias Lallu), Chhotelal Misra, Chandra Nath Shastri, Radhakanta Nandi, Kashinath Mishra (son), Bityut Banerjee, Partha Nath Shastri, Sanjay Mishra(Grandson),Sundar Lal Mishra and Chakkan Lal Mishra are some of the prominent pupils of Pt. Anokhelal Mishra.One of the notable disciple Pt.Chhotelal Mishra is Pt.Nandan Kumar Jha
According to Sandip Bhattacharya (Disciple of Iswarlal Mishra):
- "Pandit Anokhelal Mishra has been, and will continue to be, an inspiration to many tabla players from this generation, as well as future generations."
- "Samrat" Rare Gems, Tal: Teental, Duration: 45.27mins, Accompanied in Harmonium by Gyanprakash Ghosh.
- "Anokhelal Mishra" (PDF). Rajan Parrikar Music Archive. Retrieved 1 May 2009.
- [Asian music, Volumes 1–3, Society for Asian Music, JSTOR (Organization), Project Muse, 1968]
- Page no. 100, Theory And Practice of Tabla, by Sadanand Naimpalli, Popular Prakashan Archived 16 February 2013 at Archive.today ISBN 81-7991-149-7.
- Musicians of India by Amal Das Sharma
- "Biography of Pt. Anokhe Lal Mishra and Iswar Lal Mishra". Archived from the original on 15 June 2012. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
- Article on Tabla, Banaras Gharana, Guruji and Legends – | Pandit Chandra Nath Shastri | Banaras Tabla Gharana
- The Hindu: In memoriam – Pandit Samta Prasad Mishra – Friday, Jun 02, 2006
- Page no. 100, Theory And Practice of Tabla, by Sadanand Naimpalli, Popular Prakashan, ISBN 81-7991-149-7
- Journal of the Indian Musicological Society: Volumes 11–12, Indian Musicological Society – 1980
- Page no. 100, Theory And Practice of Tabla, by Sadanand Naimpalli, Popular Prakashan Archived 16 February 2013 at Archive.today ISBN 81-7991-149-7
- Indian classical instrumental music in varanasi through the ages
- Benares Gharana Characteristics, Wikipedia Article.
- Varanasi: Art and Literature, Wikipedia Article.
- Gopal Shankar Misra, Wikipedia Article.
- Google Books results on Anokhelal Mishra
- Google Scholar results on Anokhelal Mishra
- Tabla Samrat Pandit Anokhelal Mishra | Official Website of Pandit Chandra Nath Shastri
- Playing Techniques of Tabla, Banaras Gharana, by Pt. Chhote Lal Misra
- The Banaras Bāj-The Tablā Tradition of a North Indian City, D Roach – Asian Music, 1972 – JSTOR.
- Journal of the Indian Musicological Society: Volumes 11–12, Indian Musicological Society – 1980.
- Page no. 100, Theory And Practice of Tabla, by Sadanand Naimpalli, Popular Prakashan, ISBN 81-7991-149-7.
- Asian music, Volumes 1–3, Society for Asian Music, JSTOR (Organization), Project Muse, 1968.
- The Journal of the Music Academy, Madras: Volume 44, Music Academy (Madras, India) – 1974.
- Companion to North Indian classical music: Satyendra Krishen Sen Chib, Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, 2004.
- India today international, Living Media International Ltd., 1 October 2005.
- In Memoriam, Date- Friday, 2 June 2006, The Hindu.
- The Oxford Encyclopaedia of the Music of India, Saṅgīt Mahābhāratī, Author: Nikhil Ghosh, Oxford University Press, Print Publication, 2011, ISBN 9780195650983