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United Republic of Tanzania

Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania  (Swahili)
Flag of Tanzania
Coat of arms of Tanzania
Coat of arms
Motto: "Uhuru na Umoja" (Swahili)
"Freedom and Unity"
Anthem: Mungu ibariki Afrika
'God Bless Africa'
Location of Tanzania (dark blue) in the African Union (light blue)
Location of Tanzania (dark blue)

in the African Union (light blue)

Location of Tanzania
CapitalDodoma (de jure) Dar es Salaam (de facto)
Largest cityDar es Salaam
Official languages
Recognised regional languagesArabic (Zanzibar)
National languageSwahili
Other languages
  • Sukuma
  • Nyamwezi
  • Chaga
  • Ha
  • Bena
  • Gogo
  • Haya
  • Dholuo
  • Makonde
  • Nyaturu
  • Maasai
  • Jita
  • Pare
(2010 estimate)[1]
Christianity 61.4%
Islam 35.2%
Folk Religion 1.8%
Irreligious 1.4%
Other 0.2%
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic[2][3]
• President
Samia Hassan Suluhu
Philip Mpango
Kassim Majaliwa
• Speaker
Job Ndugai
Ibrahim Hamis Juma
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence from the United Kingdom
9 December 1961
10 December 1963
• Merger
26 April 1964
• Current constitution
25 April 1977
• Total
947,303 km2 (365,756 sq mi) (31st)
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
56,313,438[4][5] (28th)
• 2012 census
• Density
47.5/km2 (123.0/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$163.522 billion[6]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$51.194 billion[6]
• Per capita
Gini (2012)37.8[7]
HDI (2015)Increase 0.531[8]
low · 151st
CurrencyTanzanian shilling (TZS)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+255[note 1]
ISO 3166 codeTZ
Internet TLD.tz
  1. Revised to $41.33 billion[9]

Tanzania is a country in East Africa. The official languages are Kiswahili and English. It is next to Africa's biggest lake, Lake Victoria.

In 2017, there were about 54,000,000 people living in Tanzania.[10] They are divided into 120 tribes; none have more than 10% of the population. Tanzania is a multicultural society. There are many languages & religions in Tanzania; the main ones being Christianity and Arabic.

The president of the United Republic of Tanzania is Samia Suluhu Hassan. Tanzania is a member of the United Nations, UNIDO, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement, SADC, PTA, and the ADB. It is also signatory to the Lome Convention.

Mainland Tanzania (formerly Tanganyika) received independence in December 1961, while Zanzibar gained her independence in January 1964, through a revolution. The two countries joined together to form the United Republic of Tanzania in April 1964. Until July 1992, Tanzania was a one-party state. Following a Presidential Commission, the country has started a multi-party political system. It has held successful general elections in 1995 and 2000. "

Tanzania is home to the Serengeti. Many animals such as lions and cheetahs live there.


Regions of Tanzania

Tanzania is divided into 26 Regions. 21 are on the mainland and five in Zanzibar.

Tanzania's regions are: Arusha · Dar es Salaam · Dodoma · Iringa · Kagera · Kigoma · Kilimanjaro · Lindi · Manyara · Mara · Mbeya · Morogoro · Mtwara · Mwanza · Pemba North · Pemba South · Pwani · Rukwa · Ruvuma · Shinyanga · Singida · Tabora · Tanga · Zanzibar Central/South · Zanzibar North · Zanzibar Urban/West

Related pages


  1. +007 from Kenya and Uganda.


  1. CIA World Factbook Archived 2019-05-11 at the Wayback Machine 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  2. David Lawrence (2009). Tanzania: The Land, Its People and Contemporary Life. Intercontinental Books. p. 146. ISBN 978-9987-9308-3-8.
  3. "About the United Republic of Tanzania". Permanent Representative of Tanzania to the United Nations. Archived from the original on 19 February 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  4. ""World Population prospects – Population division"". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  5. ""Overall total population" – World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision" (xslx). population.un.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Tanzania. IMF.org
  7. "GINI Index". The World Bank. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
  8. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  9. "UPDATE 2-Tanzania's GDP expands by 32 pct after rebasing – officials". Reuters. 19 December 2014. Archived from the original on 8 February 2018. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  10. "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Archived from the original on 2019-05-11. Retrieved 2018-02-06.

External links