Mewari language

From Bharatpedia, an open encyclopedia

Native toIndia
Native speakers
4.21 million (2011 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3mtr

Mewari is an Indo-Aryan language of the Rajasthani group. It is spoken by about five million speakers in Rajsamand, Bhilwara, Udaipur, and Chittorgarh districts of Rajasthan state of India.

There are 31 consonants, 10 vowels, and 2 diphthongs in Mewari. Intonation is prominent. Dental fricative is replaced by glottal stop at initial and medial positions. Inflection and derivation are the forms of word formation. There are two numbers—singular and plural, two genders—masculine and feminine, and three cases—simple, oblique, and vocative. Case marking is partly inflectional and partly postpositional. Concord is of nominative type in the imperfective aspect but ergative in the perfective aspect.[2] Nouns are declined according to their endings. Pronouns are inflected for number, person, and gender. Third person is distinguished not only in gender but also in remote-proximal level. There are three tenses—present, past, and future; and four moods. Adjective are of two types—marked or unmarked. Three participles are there—present, past, and perfect.[3] It has SOV word order.


Bilabial Alveolar Retroflex Palato-alveolar Velar Glottal
Plosive/Affricate voiceless unaspirated p t ʈ k
voiceless aspirated ʈʰ tʃʰ
voiced unaspirated b d ɖ ɡ
voiced aspirated ɖʱ dʒʱ ɡʱ
Fricative voiceless h
voiced ɦ

See also[edit]


  1. "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  2. Bahl, KC.(1979). A Structural Grammar of Rajasthani. Chicago: University Press
  3. Gusain, Lakhan.(2006). Mewari Grammar (LW/M 431). Munich: Limcom Gmbh.

External links[edit]

Template:Rajasthani languages

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