K. T. Bhashyam

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K. T. Bhashyam
Chairman of Mysore Legislative Council
In office
17 June 1952 – 24 May 1956
Succeeded byT. Subramanya
Minister of Labour, Government of Mysore
In office
1947 - 1952
Chief MinisterK. Chengalaraya Reddy
ConstituencyLegislation not established
Minister of Law, Government of Mysore
In office
1947–1952
Chief MinisterK. Chengalaraya Reddy
ConstituencyLegislation not established
Member of Mysore Legislative Council
In office
1952 – 24 May 1956
Succeeded byH. C. Boraiah
Personal details
Born(1895-04-12)12 April 1895
Bangalore, Kingdom of Mysore, British India
Died24 May 1956(1956-05-24) (aged 61)
Bangalore, Mysore state, India
NationalityIndian
Political partyIndian National Congress(1947-1956)
Other political
affiliations
Spouse(s)Kalyani
ResidenceCottonpet, Bangalore, Mysore state
EducationBachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Law
Alma materMadras University
OccupationPolitician
ProfessionLawyer, Political and Social Worker

K. Thuppul Narasimha Iyengar Bhashyam (12 April 1895 - 24 May 1956) was an Indian Politician from the state of Mysore.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Bhashyam was born 12 April 1985 to Narasimha Iyengar and his mother died within a week after his birth post delivery complications. His father was an advocate and Bhashyam was his only child. He spent his childhood and lower primary schooling in Madras, which was the hometown of his mother and was interested more in Sports during schooling. His father brought him back to Bangalore for Higher Primary education and later joined Central College, which was still affiliated to Madras University (Mysore University was yet to be started) to pursue BA. Later he studied BL at Madras Law College and returned back to Bangalore in 1919 and started practicing Law. He became an Advocate at Mysore High Court thereafter under mentorship of senior Lawyers Mokshagundam Ramachandrarao and Somashekar. P. V. Rangaswamy Iyengar (Perangutur Vankipuram Rangaswamy Iyengar) was then Salt Commissioner, was popular among common men since he was responding in addressing their problems. He was fond of oratory skills of Bhashyam and later became Father In Law of Bhashyam where his only daughter Kalyani was married to Bhashyam since both the families were from same community.[2] He was from the same lineage of popular figures like Jayalalithaa (Former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu) and famous lawyer LS Raju who made significant contribution in the history of Mysore State.[3][1]

Involvement in Independence struggle[edit]

Bhashyam was involved in Indian independence movement when he was a barrister at Mysore High Court and was well recognized in White formals with white Cap and wearing white shawl on the shoulder. He participated in Hunger strike in 1921 and became a member of Indian National Congress in 1922. He was a member of Mysore Representative Assembly from 1926 to 1939 and was a popular figure among Mysore Congress members. He wrote the book Hindu Kanooninalli Mahileyaru (Role of women in Hindu Law) in 1928 and was recognized as a leader who highlights the problems faced by women at that time. He established Cotton weavers association in 1929 to highlight the problems of such laborers. He was also the President of Youth Congregation at Majestic Theatre in Bangalore.[4]

Political life[edit]

Bhashyam became a Councillor of Bangalore Town Municipal Council in 1930 and established a Gym for freedom fighters to maintain their fitness and was arrested for 3 months. The reason being he was accused of mobilizing freedom fighters. He was a member of Mysore Legislative Council from 1934 to 1938. He united two Political parties Prajapaksha and Prajamitra and floated merged party Prajasamyuktha and was arrested accusing Anti-king activities, later released unconditionally. Prajasamyuktha was merged with Mysore Congress and grabbed more than sixty thousand people became members across the Kingdom of Mysore in 1938. He was instrumental in stitching ties between Kingdom of Mysore and freedom fighters post Vidurashwatha massacre. He was stopped from giving speech at Shivapura near Maddur during Shivapura movement in 1938. His membership to the Bar council was terminated in 1940 and he could not continue practicing Law thereafter. He was the President of Mysore Congress during 1940-41. He became president of Binny Mill Employees Association in 1941. He was also arrested during Quit India Movement in 1942. He became the President of Labourers association in 1944. He gave a popular speech in Kochi people association in Irinjalakuda, Kingdom of Cochin on 28 October 1945. On 15 August 1947 when the nation was celebrating, the Diwan of Mysore, who happens to be the Minister in the Maharaja's court, Arcot Ramasamy Mudaliar, accompanied by Thambu Chetty had suggested Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar, the Maharaja of Mysore to delay the Instrument of Accession to join the new dominion of India. This created anger among people, who were for the Kingdom of Mysore joining the Dominion of India. Like minded people lead by the figureheads like K. Chengalaraya Reddy, Kengal Hanumanthaiah, V. Venkatappa, Subrahmanyam along with Bhashyam and others initiated a movement by name Mysore Chalo and marched to protest against the decision taken by the Mysuru Palace. Mysore Chalo movement is still remembered and observed on October 24 every year.[5] Post Independence, he became Law and Labor minister in K. C. Reddy ministry of Mysore State and was instrumental in addressing problems faced by Labourers. It was during this term, the Labourers were allowed to take Weekly Off. He participated in International congregation for welfare of Labourers (1948 in San Francisco, California and 1949 in Geneva, Switzerland). Yuvaraja Sri Sir Kanteerava Narasimharaja Wodeyar laid stone for Sahakara Bhavan in Mysore on 22 March 1933 and Bhashyam named it after the Yuvaraja when he was The Law and Labour Minister of Mysore State on 7 October 1951)[6] He became the member of Mysore Legislative Council in 1952 and also the Chairman of the same house very soon.[7] His rulings as a Chairman is marked as a reference since he maintain the neutrality between ruling and opposition, to act as a constructive link between the systems, which was a much needed quality for a Patriarch of the House.[4][8] Following the Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi, Saganappa and many youths who had joined Indian independence movement participated in the freedom movement and followed by Gandhi's principles built a Temple in honor of Gandhiji located opposite to Anjaneyaswamy Temple at Nidaghatta in Kadur Taluk, Chikmagalur district. It was inaugurated by the Bhashyam on February 22, 1948, who was Then Law and Labour Minister of Mysore State[9][10] He also inaugurated Lakshmi Theatre in Mysore when he was a minister.[11][12]

Death[edit]

On 24 May 1956, he suffered a massive Heart attack soon after he entered his house, returning from a function and died on spot. His mortal remains was seen by huge crowd. He was cremated with full state honor following a procession across Bangalore city.[4][1]

Places in honor[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 https://eparlib.nic.in/bitstream/123456789/764115/1/jpi_October_1956.pdf
  2. Jun 23, B. V. Shiva Shankar / TNN /; 2017; Ist, 06:41. "'Jayalalithaa's influence is only stronger after her death' | Bengaluru News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 December 2021.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  3. Jun 23, B. V. Shiva Shankar / TNN /; 2017; Ist, 06:41. "'Jayalalithaa's influence is only stronger after her death' | Bengaluru News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 December 2021.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 http://www.kla.kar.nic.in/assembly/elib/pdf/eresources/K%20T%20Bhashyam.pdf
  5. Ch, R. raja; says, R. A. (13 August 2019). "73rd Independence Day: Recollections - Tracing Mysore's Footprints of Freedom Struggle". Star of Mysore. Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  6. "Narasimharaja Wadiyar: Remembering trailblazer of cooperative movement". Deccan Herald. 12 February 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  7. Jan 29, B. V. Shiva Shankar / TNN /; 2018; Ist, 07:02. "Why Bengaluru politicos fail to reach CM's gaddi | Bengaluru News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 December 2021.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  8. "Previous chairmen of Karnataka Legislative Council". kla.kar.nic.in. Retrieved 24 December 2021.
  9. Oct 2, Lakshmikantha BK / TNN /; 2015; Ist, 07:16. "His temple falls into ruin | Bengaluru News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 December 2021.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  10. "A temple for Gandhiji". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  11. Desk, News (13 June 2021). "Virus hits yet another screen in Mysuru! Future of Lakshmi theatre shows bleak". Welcome to Mysooru News. Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  12. "Ex- Members". www.kla.kar.nic.in. Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  13. "Bengaluru's labour rights started with textiles". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 4 January 2022.
  14. Mujumdar, Neha (7 November 2012). "Once a land of horses and hillocks". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 4 January 2022.
  15. Dec 3, Atul ChaturvediAtul Chaturvedi / Updated:; 2014; Ist, 04:00. "'Cannot have two roads named after same person'". Bangalore Mirror. Retrieved 4 January 2022.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  16. "Govt formulates road, area naming rules". Deccan Herald. 19 August 2009. Retrieved 4 January 2022.
  17. https://planning.karnataka.gov.in/storage/pdf-files/NITI%20Aayog/Bangalore.pdf

External links[edit]