H. R. C. Pettigrew
H. R. C. Pettigrew
|Birth name||Hugh Rudolph Conway Pettigrew|
|Died||18 April 2001|
Merton, Surrey, England
|British Indian Army|
Colonel Hugh Rudolph Conway Pettigrew (1912 – 18 April 2001) was an officer in the British Indian Army whose memoir of his service with the South Waziristan Scouts on India's North-West Frontier, Frontier Scouts (1964), is a primary source for the study of the military history of that region, as his memoir "It Seemed Very Ordinary": Memoirs of Sixteen Years in the Indian Army 1932–1947 is for the history of the British Indian Army generally.
After early service policing the Indian border, he served in Burma during the Second World War where he gained experience of jungle warfare during the loss of the colony to the Japanese. He then passed on his experience at the staff college in preparation for the successful Allied campaign to recover Burma. After retiring from the army, he taught, became the principal of a school, and coached school hockey. He produced his two memoirs and in 1994 recorded an oral history for the Imperial War Museum.
Early life and family
Pettigrew was commissioned second lieutenant in the British Indian Army in 1932. He was attached to the Gordon Highlanders in 1932–33 after which he was company second in command with the 2nd/14th Punjab Regiment in the Khyber Pass, and at Mir Ali and Kohat on India's North-West Frontier from 1933 to 1937. He left Kohat in April 1937 to join the South Waziristan Scouts. He was posted to the first wing at Sararogha. He served in Waziristan until 1938 where he was involved in actions against the Mahsud tribesmen. In his memoirs he observed that troops arriving from Britain had to quickly adapt to conditions on the frontier, and that if a regiment thought it was "too famous to have to learn, to think that the Highlands of Scotland bore any real resemblance to the mountains of Waziristan, that regiment might have trouble. And during its year in Waziristan it would be of little use to anyone, and often a liability."
He was an instructor at the officer training school in Belgaum from 1938 to 1940, and then became brigade major of 63 Indian Infantry Brigade (17th Indian Division) at Kohima and Imphal, from February 1942 to July 1943. Following that, he was an instructor with the rank of lieutenant colonel at Quetta until December 1944. He was one of the few there with experience of jungle warfare (based on the retreat from Burma) and had to teach the special techniques of that type of fighting as the focus turned from Western Desert style warfare and the mountain warfare of his early career to the fighting needed to recover Burma.
He was then appointed a staff officer with the 17th Division in Burma in 1945. He was a staff officer in the Directorate of Weapons and Equipment at Delhi until November 1947.
After leaving the army, Pettigrew worked as a teacher and was principal of Highcliff Coaching Establishment in Selsey, West Sussex, near Chichester, which prepared boys for the Common Entrance Examination used by British private schools. He often appeared in the school sports reports for hockey in The Times.
In 1964, he privately published his memoir of his service with the South Waziristan Scouts on India's North-West Frontier, titled Frontier Scouts which was reviewed in The Army Quarterly and Defence Journal and The Royal Air Forces Quarterly. His memoir "It Seemed Very Ordinary": Memoirs of Sixteen Years in the Indian Army 1932–1947 is held as part of his private papers in the Imperial War Museum, London. Both have become much-cited primary sources for the study of the military history of that region. The Museum also holds his oral history, recorded in 1994. Passages from "It Seemed Very Ordinary", covering the advance into Burma, were used as the prologue for part four of Robert Lyman's A War of Empires: Japan, India, Burma & Britain: 1941–45 (2021).
- Frontier Scouts. Hugh Pettigrew, Kelsey Press Limited, Selsey, Sussex, 1964.
- "It Seemed Very Ordinary": Memoirs of Sixteen Years in the Indian Army 1932–1947. Pettigrew MSS, 84/29/1, Imperial War Museum.
- 'It seemed very ordinary': memoirs of Col Hugh Randolf Conway Pettigrew (b 1912), Indian... National Archives. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
- Hugh R C Pettigrew Marriage • England and Wales Marriage Registration Index, 1837–2005. Family Search. Retrieved 14 November 2021. (subscription required)
- "Marriages", The Times, 16 January 1965, p. 10.
- "Unattached List for Indian Army", The Monthly Army List, H.M. Stationery Office, 1932. p. 885.
- Private Papers of Colonel H R C Pettigrew. Imperial War Museums. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
- Pettigrew, Hugh (1964). "The Shahur". Frontier Scouts. Kelsey, Sussex: Kelsey Press Limited. pp. 24–32.
- Pettigrew, Hugh (1964). "Sararogha and road building". Frontier Scouts. Kelsey, Sussex: Kelsey Press Limited. pp. 33–58.
- "It Seemed Very Ordinary" by H. R. C. Pettigrew quoted in The Army in India & Frontier Warfare 1914–1939, Tim Moreman, 25th County of London Cyclist Battalion The London Regiment. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
- "The Officer Corps and the Training of the Indian Army with Special Reference to Lieutenant-General Francis Tuker" by Alan Jeffreys in Kaushik Roy (2012) The Indian Army in the Two World Wars. Leiden: Brill. pp. 285–309 (p. 300). ISBN 9789004211452
- The Public and Preparatory Schools Year Book. Year Book Press Limited, 1965, pp. 825 & 833.
- The Schools of England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland, Vol. 56. E.J. Burrow, 1967, p. 438.
- "Book Reviews Frontier Scouts, by Colonel H. R. C. Pettigrew", The Army Quarterly and Defence Journal, Vol. 89–90, p. 126.
- "Frontier Scouts by Colonel H. R. C. Pettigrew", The Royal Air Forces Quarterly, Vol. 5, p. 76.
- Pettigrew, Hugh Rudolf Conway (Oral history). Imperial War Museums. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
- "Prologue" in Robert Lyman (2021) A War of Empires: Japan, India, Burma & Britain: 1941–45. London: Osprey. ISBN 9781472847140
- Hugh Rudolph C Pettigrew Death • England and Wales Death Registration Index 1837–2007. Family Search. Retrieved 14 November 2021. (subscription required)
- Find a will, gov.uk, 13 November 2021.