It underlines no first use (NFU) with an assured second strike capability and falls under minimal deterrence, as opposed to mutually assured destruction. India's tentative nuclear doctrine was announced on August 17, 1999 by the secretary of the National Security Advisory Board, Brajesh Mishra.
Later, the draft was adopted with some modifications when the Nuclear Command Authority was announced on January 4, 2003. A significant modification was the dilution of the NFU principle to include nuclear retaliation to attacks by biological and chemical weapons.
- Mishra, Brajesh (17 August 1999). "Draft Report of National Security Advisory Board on Indian Nuclear Doctrine". Archived from the original on 16 January 2000. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- Hosted at www.pugwash.org - Draft Report of National Security Advisory Board on Indian Nuclear Doctrine Archived 2011-06-13 at the Wayback Machine