Dadu Dayal

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Dadu Dayal
SectSant Mat
Founder ofDadupanth
Religious career
Literary worksDadu Anubhav Vani

Dadu Dayal (Hindi: दादूदयाल Dādūdayāl, 1544—1603) was a poet-sant from Gujarat, India, a religious reformer who spoke against formalism and priestcraft.


"Dadu" means brother, and "Dayal" means "the compassionate one".[2]

Early life

Saint Dadu was born in 1544 in Ahmedabad city of Gujarat state of India.[3][1]

Teachings and legacy

Dadu Dayal was a spiritual man.[4] His work is known as Dadudayal ki Vani / Dadudayal -Ra Duha. He believed in God[5] because At the age of seven God Kabir met him. After meeting with God he uttered this speech:- Jin moku nij naam diya, soi Satguru hamaar | Dadu doosra koi nahin, Kabir Sirjanhaar |[6] His many compositions were to establish harmony between Hinduism and Islam.[7]


Dadu Dayal later moved to Naraina, near Jaipur Rajasthan, where he gathered around himself a group of followers, forming a sect that became known as the Dadupanth.[1]

Dadupanthis are one of the 7 martial akharas of Vaishnavite sampradaya of Hindus.[8] Vaishnavism has following four major sects:[9]

    • Sri founded by Ramananda, Dadupanthis are one of those 7 martial akharas of Vaishnavite in the sec of Ramanada
    • Brahma founded by Madhava
    • Ridra founded by Vishnusuvamin
    • Sanakadi founded by Nimbarka.

Followers of Vaishnavism are also called Bairagi or Vairagi. Among the Bairagi, those who became part of the military akharas were organised in the 7 akharas founding dates of most of which are unclear. Each of the akhara accepted members from all 4 sects of vaishnavism. Bairagi military akharas generally did not follow the prohibition against eating meat or taking of narcotics.[9]

Dadu Anubhav Vani

Dadu's compositions in Braj language were recorded by his disciple Rajjab and are known as the Dadu Anubhav Vani, a compilation of 5,000 verses. Another disciple, Janagopal, wrote the earliest biography of Dadu.[10] Dadu alludes to spontaneous (sahaja) bliss in his songs. Much of the imagery used is similar to that used by Kabir, and to that used by earlier Sahajiya Buddhists and Nath yogis. Dadu believed that devotion to God should transcend religious or sectarian affiliation, and that devotees should become non-sectarian or "Nipakh".[11] He has something to say about that:[12]

So kāfir jo bolai kāf;
dil apna nahim rakhe sāf...

The infidel is one who tells a lie;
One whose conscience is not clear...

Dadupanthi Thambas

Dadu had 100 disciples that attained samadhi. He instructed additional 52 disciples to set up ashrams, 'Thambas' around the region to spread the Lord's word.

Dadu ji spent the latter years of his life in Naraiana, a small distance away from the town of Dudu, near Jaipur city. [13]

Five thambas are considered sacred by the followers; Naraiana, Bhairanaji, Sambhar, Amer, and Karadala (Kalyanpura). Followers at these thambas later set up other places of worship.

Dadupanthi Martial Akharas

Armed martial akharas were first likely formed by the Dadupantji guru Jait Sahib (1693 - 1734 CE) when he recruited armed Naga sadhus. In 1733, Dadupanthis were tax paying farmers in Jaipur State and martial Naga Sadhus were employed to enforce the payment of taxes. In 1793, Dadupanthis and Jaipur State had an agreement under which Dadhupanthis provided 5000 armed soldier sadhus to defend the Jaipur State. During the 1857 rebellion, Dadupanthis acted as mercenaries who helped British raj.

Prominent Dadupanthis

Present status

Dadupanth has continued in Rajasthan to the present-day and has been a major source of early manuscripts containing songs by Dadu and other North Indian saints.

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Dadu Hindu saint at Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  3. Khan, Aakib. Complete Rajasthan GK (English). SI Publication.
  4. "Saint Dadu Dayal, the integrator". Free Press Journal. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  5. "Saint Dadu Dayal |". Hindu Scriptures | Vedic lifestyle, Scriptures, Vedas, Upanishads, Itihaas, Smrutis, Sanskrit. 23 November 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  6. "Whom did God Kabir meet: Who has attained the Supreme God?". S A NEWS. 27 May 2020. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  7. "दादू दयाल | भारतकोश". (in हिन्दी). Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  8. Dandekar 1987.
  9. 9.0 9.1 David N. Lorenzen, 2006, Who Invented Hinduism: Essays on Religion in History, Yoda Press, p.51-65.
  10. Nayak 1996, p. 96.
  11. Dadu on Realisation at Archived 12 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  12. Upadhaya 1980, p. 10.


External links